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Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary  Search this
Uniform title:
North American Wildflowers  Search this
Smithsonian scientific series  Search this
World is yours (Radio program)  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) 1872-1973  Search this
Goddard, Robert Hutchings 1882-1945  Search this
Mellon, Andrew W (Andrew William) 1855-1937  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel 1873-1950  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Radiation and Organisms Division  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Administration  Search this
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Carnegie Institution of Washington  Search this
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
River Basin Surveys  Search this
United States Office of Scientific Research and Development  Search this
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Tamblyn and Brown Conferences  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rican Trench, 1933  Search this
Conference on the Future of Smithsonian (1927)  Search this
Eighth American Scientific Congress (1940: Washington, D. C.)  Search this
Physical description:
78.75 cu. ft. (65 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (90 3x5 boxes) (oversize materials)
Collection descriptions
These records chiefly document the policy and administration of the Smithsonian under Charles G. Abbot, 1928-1944, though they overlap parts of the administrations of Secretaries Charles D. Walcott and Alexander Wetmore.
Smithsonian bureaus which were founded, enlarged, or significantly changed during these years, and which are represented here, include the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the National Gallery of Art, now the Smithsonian American Art Museum; the National Gallery of Art, founded by Andrew Mellon; the National Zoological Park; the National Air Museum, now the National Air and Space Museum; and the Canal Zone Biological Area, now the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Abbot's tenure was complicated by the Depression and World War II, which restricted many of the developments which seemed so promising under his predecessor. The principal event of his administration was Andrew Mellon's gift of a national art museum. Abbot created a Division of Radiation and Organisms within the Astrophysical Observatory, always his personal interest. With the use of Works Progress Administration funds he was also able to produce major improvements for the National Zoological Park. The Smithsonian continued its ties with the National Academy of Sciences, the Carnegie Institution, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the National Research Council, the National Geographic Society and similar organizations. During the war, the Smithsonian was instrumental in operating the Ethnogeographic Board and co-operated with the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Its co-operation with such bodies, and new ones like the Atomic Energy Commission, continued in the postwar years. Miscellaneous topics in the records include: the Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rico Trench, 1933; the Eighth American Scientific Conference, Washington, 1940; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; North American Wildflowers; the Langley-Wright controversy; the River Basin Surveys; the abortive design competition for a museum of modern art, won by Eliel Saarinen; "The World is Yours" radio broadcasts; Robert H. Goddard's rocket research; awarding of the Langley Medal; private funding of the Smithsonian, especially the Tamblyn and Brown conferences and the 1927 conference on the future of the Smithsonian; and Charles G. Abbot's research in solar radiation and climatic studies.
For a description of the record series of which these materials are a part, refer to "Forms part of" above.
Alphabetic including two subunits for government, one for Smithsonian administration and budgets and one for international congresses
Repository Loc.:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520
Museums--Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000046
See more items in:
Administrative Records 1835-2016 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Budget Records 1892-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence 1863-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Governmental Relations Records 1907-1971 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Correspondence Registers 1860-1949 [Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary]
Expedition History 1937 [National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Collect Living Wild Animals and Birds (1937)]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives