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Catalog Data

McClees & Vannerson, active 1857 - 1860  Search this
James Earle McClees, 1821 - 1887  Search this
Julian Vannerson, c. 1827 - 1875  Search this
James Buchanan, 21 Apr 1791 - 1 Jun 1868  Search this
Salted paper print
Image/Sheet (oval): 18.8 × 13.5 cm (7 3/8 × 5 5/16")
Mount: 29.1 × 22.9 cm (11 7/16 × 9")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
c. 1859
Exhibition Label:
James Buchanan is considered one of the least successful U.S. presidents because of his passive and hapless handling of the sectional crisis at the end of the 1850s. A Pennsylvanian, he was nonetheless pro-southern, and his candidacy for the presidency in 1856 contributed to the breakdown of the existing national parties into sectional entities. Elected with strong southern support, Buchanan could not defuse the growing crisis over slavery in the territories, especially in “Bleeding” Kansas, as he took an overly legalistic approach to a problem that had inflamed the populace. At its 1860 convention, the Democratic Party broke into northern and southern wings on the slavery question, with Stephen Douglas defeating Buchanan for the nomination. During the secession winter following Abraham Lincoln’s election, Buchanan dithered as both sections prepared for war.
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
James Buchanan: Male  Search this
James Buchanan: Law and Crime\Lawyer  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian Institution Libraries; gift of Roger F. Shultis, 1986
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Currently not on view
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery