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Catalog Data

Artist:
Marshall D. Rumbaugh, born 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Rosa Parks, 4 Feb 1913 - 24 Oct 2005  Search this
Medium:
Painted limewood
Dimensions:
With Base: 99.1 x 96.5 x 30.5cm (39 x 38 x 12")
Without Base: 94 x 88.9 x 18.4cm (37 x 35 x 7 1/4")
Base: 96.5 x 30.5cm (38 x 12")
Culture:
Rosa Parks: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1983
Exhibition Label:
Born Tuskegee, Alabama
With a courageous act of civil disobedience, Rosa Parks sparked a challenge to segregation that culminated in one of the seminal victories of the modern civil rights movement. On December 1, 1955, while traveling on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, the seamstress was arrested for refusing the driver’s demand that she surrender her seat to a white male passenger. When Parks was convicted of violating local segregation laws, Montgomery’s African American community launched a massive one-day boycott of the city’s bus system. The boycott expanded with the help of Martin Luther King Jr. to last 382 days, ending only after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional.
Nacida en Tuskegee, Alabama
Con un valeroso acto de desobediencia civil, Rosa Parks lanzó un desafío a la segregación racial que habría de culminar en una de las victorias fundamentales del movimiento moderno por los derechos civiles. El 1 de diciembre de 1955, cuando viajaba en un autobús público en Montgomery, Alabama, la costurera fue arrestada por negarse a la exigencia del conductor de que cediera su asiento a un pasajero blanco. Cuando la condenaron por violar las leyes locales de segregación, la comunidad afroamericana de Montgomery lanzó un boicot masivo de un día contra el sistema de autobuses de la ciudad. Con ayuda de Martin Luther King Jr., el boicot se extendió a 382 días, y solo se dio por terminado cuando el Tribunal Supremo de Estados.
Provenance:
Marshall D. Rumbaugh [b. 1948]; purchased NPG 1983
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Weapon\Gun  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Bag\Purse  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Sunglasses  Search this
Equipment\Shackles\Handcuffs  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Police  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Rosa Parks: Female  Search this
Rosa Parks: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Rosa Parks: Society and Social Change\Administrator  Search this
Rosa Parks: Society and Social Change\Pacifist  Search this
Rosa Parks: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Textile worker\Seamstress  Search this
Rosa Parks: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Rosa Parks: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.163
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
The Struggle for Justice
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 220
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.163