Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Artist:
Underwood & Underwood, active 1880 - c. 1950  Search this
Sitter:
Anna Howard Shaw, 14 Feb 1849 - 2 Jul 1919  Search this
Medium:
Stereoscopic gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet (each): 7.8 × 7.8 cm (3 1/16 × 3 1/16")
Mount: 8.7 × 17.9 cm (3 7/16 × 7 1/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1919
Exhibition Label:
Born Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Anna Howard Shaw was highly influential in the Prohibition movement. She and other women felt that keeping alcohol out of the home would improve their lives and increase their safety. Thus, in the 1870s, she became involved with the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, then the largest women’s organization in the world. Over time, Shaw became convinced that the ills of alcohol would only be abolished by women’s votes. Progressive suffragists like her became the backbone of the Prohibition movement, which sought to ban the sale of alcohol.
Women’s efforts led to the success of Prohibition in states and localities, ultimately leading to a ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States through the Eighteenth Amendment (ratified in 1919). Although the Twenty-First Amendment repealed Prohibition in 1933, the sale of alcohol remains regulated at the state and local levels today.
Nacida en Newcastle upon Tyne, Inglaterra
Anna Howard Shaw fue muy influyente en el movimiento de la Prohibición. Al igual que otras mujeres, pensaba que eliminar el alcohol de los hogares mejoraría sus vidas y su seguridad. En la década de 1870 se integró a la Unión de Mujeres Cristianas por la Templanza, para entonces la organización femenina más grande del mundo. Con el tiempo, Shaw se convenció de que los males del alcohol solo se erradicarían mediante el voto femenino. Sufragistas liberales como ella fueron la columna vertebral del movimiento de la Prohibición, que buscaba impedir la venta de alcohol.
Los esfuerzos de las mujeres propiciaron el éxito de la Prohibición en estados y localidades de EE.UU., viabilizando la proscripción nacional de la fabricación, venta y transportación de licores a través de la Enmienda 18 (ratificada en 1919). Aunque la Enmienda 21 revocó la Prohibición en 1933, hoy la venta de alcohol continúa reglamentada a nivel estatal y local.
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Desk  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace  Search this
Equipment\Letter opener  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Photographic format\Stereograph  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
Anna Howard Shaw: Female  Search this
Anna Howard Shaw: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy  Search this
Anna Howard Shaw: Medicine and Health\Physician  Search this
Anna Howard Shaw: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Suffragist  Search this
Anna Howard Shaw: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Temperance  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.81.174
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Location:
Currently not on view
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ef102240-9de4-4dcb-a815-c97d8a127e0d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.174