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Catalog Data

Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828  Search this
John Trumbull, 6 Jun 1756 - 10 Nov 1843  Search this
John Jay, 12 Dec 1745 - 17 May 1829  Search this
Oil on canvas
Other: 128.3 x 101.6cm (50 1/2 x 40")
Frame: 150.5 x 122.6 x 12.1cm (59 1/4 x 48 1/4 x 4 3/4")
Begun 1784; completed by 1818
Exhibition Label:
President George Washington chose John Jay to be the first chief justice of the United States. Jay had played an important part in negotiating the treaty bringing the Revolution to a close, and was the postwar secretary of foreign affairs. An advocate for a stronger national government, Jay had helped persuade New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution, contributing five newspaper essays to the series that became known as the Federalist Papers.
In 1794 when war with England threatened, Washington sent Chief Justice Jay to London to defuse the crisis. The treaty that Jay negotiated, which Jeffersonian Republicans seized upon as a repudiation of America's wartime alliance with France and a return to English dominance, set off the cry of "Damn John Jay." Nonetheless the controversial Jay Treaty avoided a war that the young republic was ill-equipped to wage.
John Jay, Williamstown, Mass.; purchased 1974 NPG
Interior  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
John Jay: Male  Search this
John Jay: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Jay: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Jay: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental congressman  Search this
John Jay: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
John Jay: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 140
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery