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Catalog Data

Artist:
Alexander Gardner, 17 Oct 1821 - 10 Dec 1882  Search this
Sitter:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan, 1840 - 1882  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.5 x 5.5 cm (3 3/8 x 2 3/16")
Mount: 9.9 x 6.3 cm (3 7/8 x 2 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1863
Exhibition Label:
Gardner’s gallery and colleagues
The nation’s capital was a center for photography during the war, and Alexander Gardner set up his new studio in May 1863 at Seventh and D Streets, just a few blocks from that of his former employer, Mathew Brady. Gardner split with Brady after the success of his Antietam photographs. The signage gives a full range of Gardner’s services, showing how he catered to the market for photographic images; the main sign reads “News of the War.”
Not as flamboyantly costumed as in his first self-portrait, this image of Alexander Gardner shows him as a workingman, which was his family’s heritage back in Scotland. Gardner’s proficiency as a photographer was based in part on his manual dexterity; he was a master at coating the glass-plate negatives with collodion, which formed the plate’s light-sensitive emulsion. By the beginnings of 1863 James Gardner was working with his brother in Washington.
Timothy O’Sullivan (1840–1882) and his brother-in-law, William Pywell (1843–1886), also got their start with Brady. O’Sullivan teamed up with Gardner both at Antietam and Gettysburg and later had a successful career on his own. After the war, Pywell traveled west with Gardner to photograph the plains and the Native Americans living there.
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Timothy H. O'Sullivan: Male  Search this
Timothy H. O'Sullivan: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Larry J. West
Object number:
NPG.2007.94
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Location:
Currently not on view
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45cc4dbbc-207d-4e07-bbbd-f3181c622f80
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.94