Oscar Hammerstein II, 12 Jul 1895 - 23 Aug 1960 Search this
Gelatin silver print
Image/Sheet: 33.8 x 41.1cm (13 5/16 x 16 3/16")
Mount: 48.7 x 56cm (19 3/16 x 22 1/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
In the 1940s, Rodgers and Hammerstein ushered in the Golden Age of the Broadway musical by creating Oklahoma! (1943), Carousel (1945), and South Pacific (1949). Richard Rodgers had previously teamed with Lorenz Hart on such hits as Pal Joey (1940), and Oscar Hammerstein had notably worked with Jerome Kern on Show Boat (1927), but the combination of composer Rodgers and lyricist Hammerstein in 1943 emerged as the most successful collaboration in American musical theater. Their key contribution was to fuse a play's dramatic action with music and dance, which they first did with their milestone production of Oklahoma! Their partnership, which continued until Hammerstein's death in 1960, produced thirty-four Tony Awards, fifteen Academy Awards, two Pulitzer Prizes, two Grammy Awards, and two Emmy Awards.