FROM CARD: "NOTE: NO. 2594 ILLUSTRATED IN MCGUIRE (1897 REPORT), P579. FIG. 179 WITH CAPTION "SIOUX PIPE. UPPER MISSOURI RIVER. CAT. NO. 2594 U.S.N.M. COLLECTED BY U.S.WAR DEPARTMENT" - J.C. EWERS, 1950." FROM CARD: "**THIS PIPE WAS IDENTIFIED AS SIOUX, UPPER MISSOURI RIVER, COLLECTED BY U.S. WAR DEPT., BY J.D. MCGUIRE IN USNM AR 1897, PIPES & SMOKING EQUIPMENT, FIG. 179, P.579. J.C. EWERS IDENTIFIES IT AS PROBABLY CHIPPEWA, 1978. IN JAN. 1867 WHEN IT WAS CATALOGUED, BOTH WILKES AND WAR DEPT. MATERIAL WAS MATERIAL WAS BEING WORKED ON. THE MIX-UP PROBABLY OCCURED THEN. IT IS NOW STORED WITH THE CHIPPEWA MATERIALS. BGS-1978." McGuire on p. 580 describes this pipe bowl as: "... black serpentine ... the ridges near the end of the stem are in imitation of metal forms. ... From one end to the other it is 4 3/4 inches long and is about 1 1/8 inches wide. The bowl represents the head of a person ... the sharp chin being markedly noticeable. The ears are bored with perforations an eighth of an inch in diameter, extending into the ear drums. The wing or elevation [crest] on the stem is scarcely an eighth of an inch thick and has been perforated by a row of five holes. The opening of the stem is but one-fourth of an inch in diameter, whereas that of the bowl is five-eighths of an inch, which is quite unusual in pipes of the Siouan type. There has been broken from the back of the head a knob intended apparently to represent a knot of hair somewhat on the order of the famous Indian head found by Squire and Davis."
The original catalog ledger lists this as Indians NW Coast of American, Ex Ex Wilkes; War Dept was later penciled in, then cross out and Ex Ex written again over it.
Note: this artifact has Peale # 267 glued on it, which would definitively indicate it is a U.S. Exploring Expedition piece, not a War Dept. piece. The Exploring Expedition had dealings with Hudson's Bay Company employees when they were in Oregon Territory in 1841, so the Hudson's Bay Company is one possible source for this pipe.