Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Distributors:
Ensign, Thayer and Company  Search this
Maker:
E.B. and E.C. Kellogg  Search this
Physical Description:
hand-colored (image production method/technique)
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 11 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 29.21 cm x 21.59 cm
overall: 14 in x 10 in; 35.56 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
lithograph
Object Type:
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Date made:
ca 1852
Description:
Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.
These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.
This hand colored print is of three ladies in an outdoor setting. One is full front in the foreground, while the other two are looking and smelling the roses in the background. All of the women are wearing wide straw hats with ribbons, tight fitting bodices and sleeves, short full skirts, bloomers stopping at ankles and high button shoes. There are two columns on the left that are home to more roses. The floor is patterned.
This print was produced by the lithographic firm E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. Edmund Burke Kellogg and Elijah Chapman Kellogg were brothers of the founder of the Kellogg lithography firm, Daniel Wright Kellogg. After D.W. Kellogg moved west, his two brothers took over the family lithography firm in 1840 and changed the name to E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. The youngest of the four Kellogg brothers, these two were responsible for the continued success of the family firm. These two brothers were also involved in the eventual partnerships between the company and Horace Thayer in 1845 or 1846, John Chenevard Comstock in 1848 and William Henry Bulkeley in 1867.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
bloomers  Search this
Flowers  Search this
Related Publication:
Peters, Harry T.. America on Stone
Garvan, Anthony N. B. and Peter C. Welsh. Victorian American
Welsh, Peter C. and Caroline. The Genteel Female
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL.60.2276
Catalog number:
60.2276
Accession number:
228146
Maker number:
431
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Clothing & Accessories
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Peters Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-3452-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_324614