Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Physical Description:
silk warp (overall material)
cotton filling (overall material)
black (overall color)
Plain weave (overall production method/technique)
yarn-dyed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 36 in x 37 in; 91.44 cm x 93.98 cm
Object Name:
Fabric
Fabric Length
fabric length
Fabric length
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Holyoke
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey, Allentown
Date made:
1932
Description:
William Skinner and Sons black silk faille fabric length; 1932. Fabric known as faille or grosgrain. Soft, close, plain weave fabric, but with flat ribs produced by a coarse cotton filling yarn which is entirely covered by the very fine silk warp yarn. Used for women's shoes. Yard-dyed black. Selvedge says "Skinner's" woven in black.
William Skinner emigrated from England to Massachusetts in 1843, finding work as silk dyer. He eventually opened his own silk manufacturing company, the Unquomonk Silk Co., making silk threads and yarns for weaving and sewing. In 1874, the mill was destroyed when the Mill River Dam gave way. Skinner moved his company a few miles away, to Holyoke, Massachusetts, and rebuilt the mill, expanding production to include woven fabrics (Skinner satins were nationally famous) and silk braids. He ran the company until his death in 1902, and the firm stayed in the family, and remained in operation in Holyoke, until 1961, when his heirs sold it to Indian head Mills, which immediately closed the Holyoke operation.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Gift of William Skinner and Sons
ID Number:
TE.T06934.000
Accession number:
117978
Catalog number:
T06934.000
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
American Silks
American Silk Industry
American Textile Industry
Textiles
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-8035-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1161989