Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Directed by:
John Howe, Canadian, 1926 - 2008  Search this
Written by:
Ronald Dick  Search this
William Weintraub, Canadian, 1926 - 2017  Search this
Narrated by:
Edgar McInnis, Canadian, 1899 - 1973  Search this
Owned by:
D.C. Public Library, American, founded 1896  Search this
acetate film
Duration: 28 Minutes
Length (Film): 1000 Feet
sound films
black-and-white films (visual works)
short subjects
16mm (photographic film size)
Place used:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
South Africa, Africa
This film was a part of the Washington D.C. Public Library's circulating 16mm film collection housed at the Martin Luther King Jr. Central Library. The collection is particularly noted for the wide variety of African American and African diaspora content.
A documentary film with the title Black and White in South Africa. It consists of a single reel of black-and-white 16mm acetate film with sound.
Through the use of contextual narration by Edgar McInnis, archival footage, reenactments and still imagery, the documentary explores the causes and consequences of Apartheid in South Africa. The opening scenes focus on early encounters between the Dutch and native peoples of southern Africa. Other scenes and topics explored include conflicts between the British and the Dutch in the 19th century; the conflict between Dingane, king of the Zulus, and the settlers on December 16, 1938 at Blood River; discovery of natural resources such as diamond and gold; the circumstances that led to the Boer War and the mass death of women and children in concentration camps; the circumstances that led to Apartheid and relations between South Africa's white population and the Bantu people; South Africa's "separate but parallel" doctrine; the arguments used to defend South Africa's racial segregation, such as fears of miscegenation and the economic concerns of poor whites; as well as the rise of anti-Apartheid groups such as the African National Congress, the Black Sash and other protest groups. The documentary ends with the host making an appeal for racial equity in South Africa.
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
British colonialism  Search this
Documentary films  Search this
Dutch colonialism  Search this
Film  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions likely apply. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
DC Public Library Film Collection
Media Arts-Film and Video
Anti-apartheid movements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture