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Bobby Jones Golf Course, American, founded 1932  Search this
Subject of:
City of Atlanta Department of Parks & Recreation, American, founded 1858  Search this
Billy Wilson, British  Search this
ink on paper
H x W: 5 1/8 × 8 3/4 in. (13 × 22.2 cm)
Place used:
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
ca. 1956
Billy Wilson was the Professional Manager of the Bobby Jones Golf Course in Atlanta, Georgia, from 1933 until 1963. Atlanta’s Municipal Code prohibited African Americans from using public parks and recreational sites by law. Wilson had denied access to the Bobby Jones Golf Course to Tup Holmes, Hamilton M. Holmes, Oliver Holmes, and Charles Bell based on this municipal code. Wilson explained, “It would violate the city ordinance to allow Negroes to use the golf course because it is designated for whites.” In 1955, Tup Holmes's case Holmes v. Atlanta, the case that desegregated public golf, went all the way to the Supreme Court, where in 1955 the Court ruled favor of Holmes.
A scorecard for the Bobby Jones Golf Course in Atlanta, Georgia. The scorecard folds into thirds, forming a small pamphlet. It is printed on white paper with color images, illustrations, and black text. On the front panel of the scorecard is the name of the course, manager’s name and telephone number printed near the top, in a white box with black text that reads [CITY OF ATLANTA / PARKS & RECREATION DEPT. / BOBBY JONES / golf course / Billy Wilson, Professional / Phone CE. 3-9172] against an image of a golf green, trees, lake, and a sand trap. The back two panels of the scorecard pamphlet is a yellow, illustrated map of the golf course. The left interior panel has two lists of rules with the titles, [LOCAL RULES] and [GOLF RULES AND ETIQUETTE]. The center and right interior panels of the pamphlet is the scorecard laid out in a grid. The top row of the grid identifies the hole numbers, the yards are listed across the second row, par across the third row, and strokes across the fourth row. Handicap and net scores are column headers of the left two columns and the bottom two rows are to record won and lost. There are no marks on the front, back or interior pages of the scorecard.
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Golf  Search this
Law  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Sports  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Carl Seldon
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
Rights assessment and proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Documents and Published Materials
Sports: Leveling the Playing Field
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture