Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Created by:
Sugarman Uniforms, American  Search this
Custom Hat Corporation, American  Search this
Manufactured by:
Force Manufacturing Company, American  Search this
Sam Bonk Uniform and Civilian Cap Company, American, founded 1963  Search this
Worn by:
Brig. Gen. Hazel Johnson-Brown, American, 1927 - 2011  Search this
Medium:
Jacket: polyester with metal buttons and pins
Skirt: polyester with metal zipper and plastic buttons
Blouse: cotton and polyester with plastic buttons and Velcro (TM)
Beret: wool and metal
Hat: wool, polyester, plastic, and metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D (.1-.3 On form): 46 1/2 × 22 × 14 1/2 in. (118.1 × 55.9 × 36.8 cm)
Type:
dress uniforms
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1980
Caption:
Hazel Johnson-Brown was born on October 10, 1927, and joined the Army Nurse Corps (ANC) in 1955. Throughout her life she distinguished herself as a military and public healthcare professional. During the Vietnam War, Johnson-Brown was stationed in Japan where she trained nurses who were being sent to Vietnam. She also served for a time as the director of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Nursing. In 1979, Johnson-Brown became the first African American woman general in the history of the U.S. military and the first African American woman to be appointed chief of the ANC. She retired from the ANC in 1983 after almost 30 years of service. Brigadier General Johnson-Brown died on August 5, 2011, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Description:
Military dress uniform comprised of a jacket with service ribbons and insignia (.1a-f), a skirt (.2), a blouse with insignia (.3a-d), a beret with insignia (.4ab), and a hat with insignia (.5abc). The uniform was worn by Brigadier General Hazel Johnson-Brown, the first African American woman to achieve that rank and the first African American to serve as Chief of the Army Nurse Corps.
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Military  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Alice Calberb F. Royal
Object number:
2011.146.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e2262a2a-bcef-4a74-9f3b-14b2a5e6a658
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.146.1