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Catalog Data

Written by:
Unidentified  Search this
Signed by:
Toussaint Louverture, Haitian, 1743 - 1803  Search this
Received by:
Charles Humbert Marie Vincent, French, 1753 - 1831  Search this
ink on paper
H x W (a): 12 1/16 × 7 13/16 in. (30.6 × 19.8 cm)
H x W (b): 12 1/8 × 7 13/16 in. (30.8 × 19.8 cm)
letters (correspondence)
Place made:
Cap-Haïtien, Nord, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place used:
France, Europe
October 21, 1797
Toussaint Louverture campaigned tirelessly on behalf of slaves during the Haitian Revolution, and his actions helped push France to abolish slavery in all its colonies in 1794. He wrote this letter in response to a speech in French parliament calling for slavery's restoration on Saint-Domingue. He warned the French that he would fight for Haitian independence if France ever revoked abolition.
A letter signed by Toussaint Louverture to Charles Humbert Marie Vincent from Cap-Français (now Cap-Haïtien), Haiti, on October 21, 1797. The text itself was recorded by a scribe as Louverture's written French was limited, though the content comprises his own thoughts. At the top of the first page is pre-printed letterhead for Toussaint Louverture, Chief General of the Army of Saint-Domingue. The letter is handwritten in black ink on the front and back sides of two (2) sheets of paper. The contents of the letter are in regards to ongoing conflicts in the French colony of Saint Domingue, later the free nation of Haiti, and military leader Louverture's dissatisfaction with a speech given in the French parliament earlier in 1797 in which Viénot de Vaublanc spoke against abolition and people of African descent as uncivilized.
Transcription Center Status:
Transcribed by digital volunteers
African American  Search this
Antislavery  Search this
Colonialism  Search this
Correspondence  Search this
Decolonization  Search this
Freedom  Search this
French colonialism  Search this
Government  Search this
Justice  Search this
Military  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Anti-slavery movements
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture