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Catalog Data

Created by:
Barbara Jones-Hogu, American, 1938 - 2017  Search this
Signed by:
Gerald Williams, American, born 1941  Search this
Napoleon Jones-Henderson, American, born 1943  Search this
Carolyn Mims Lawrence, American, born 1940  Search this
Jae Jarrell, American, born 1935  Search this
Howard R. Mallory Jr., American, 1930 - 2012  Search this
Nelson Stevens, American, 1938 - 2022  Search this
Subject of:
AfriCOBRA, founded 1968  Search this
ink on paper
H x W (Picture): 22 1/2 × 30 in. (57.2 × 76.2 cm)
H x W (Backing): 28 × 38 in. (71.1 × 96.5 cm)
screen prints
"To build a nation, you need everybody to work together. You know? Everybody must come together and work together." - Barbara Jones-Hogu
Chicago-based artist Barbara Jones-Hogu was a founding member of the African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists (AfriCOBRA), a group seeking to create positive and culturally relevant art for the urban black community. Jones-Hogu’s use of lettering in print designs, illustrated by her dynamic repetition of the word "unite," was an important component of AfriCOBRA’s early visual aesthetic. The closed raised fist, used here to represent cohesion of purpose within the Black Arts and Black Power movements during the late 1960s and the 1970s, has been adopted by various movements and organizations to represent solidarity and resistance.
Screen print of nine (9) individuals with their right fists raised, standing in two rows facing each other. The foremost figure on the right stands facing the viewer. Clad in black, the figures' bodies and hair are dark shadows while the faces are sharp planes and angles reminiscent of African masks. The background is made up of the word "Unite" repeated in the letters of varying sizes in red, blue, purple and yellow. Along the bottom of the image is the signature of the artist, along with signatures of seven other artists from the AfriCOBRA group. There is violet ink stamped "AfriCOBRA, Print #10, Copyright 1971," on the lower left. The margins around the image are covered with a brown sticky residue. There are streaks of a milky white liquid visible spattered on the image.
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Communities  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
Restrictions & Rights:
© Estate of Barbara Jones-Hogu, Courtesy of Lusenhop Fine Art
Permission required for use. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Visual Arts
Black Power (Black Pride)
BAM (Black Arts Movement 1965-1976)
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture