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Catalog Data

Medium:
Metal
Dimensions:
2 1/8 × 3 3/8 in. (5.4 × 8.6 cm)
Type:
Frogs (flower arrangement)
Date:
Early twentieth century
Description:
This flower frog is both a cage and pin type of holder. Cage-type flower holders came in the form gridded domes, cylinders, and pyramids. They were available in a range of sizes suited to any container. The spaces of the grid also ranged in size to suit a variety of stem types. Cage flower frogs were considered especially suited to thicker stems such as tulips and lilies. Pin-type flower holders would fit into the bottom of a vase or bowl. They both pierced the stems and held the stems between the metal needles to secure them in the arrangement. Pin-type frogs were considered especially suited to thin or flimsy stems. The metal pins of the frog are encased in the cage framework, which curve in slightly toward the top. Along the edge of the base are three holes.
Label Text:
The flower frog, also called the flower block, flower brick, flower holder, and floral arranger was a useful tool for flower design which would keep stems in place, as well as allowing access to the water source in vases as well as shallow containers. Before the invention of floral foam in the mid-twentieth century, many objects and materials were used to secure flowers in an arrangement. Chicken wire, sawdust, moss, clay, and pine needles were all possible options, but the invention of flower frogs made it easier to create symmetrical or free-flowing designs for both the professional and amateur floral artist. Example of flower frogs date back to the sixteenth century and as early as the 1870s many types, such as the dome, cage, loop, ‘Anglais’, ‘Japana’, and pin flower holders, were manufactured in the United States. Flower frogs reached the height of their popularity in the 1920s and 1930s and came in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit the constraints of the display and containers. They could be decorative or entirely utilitarian and were typically made of glass, ceramic, or metal. Many were designed in whimsical shapes such as frogs, fish, hearts, and even gnomes. The utilitarian shapes include cages, pins, domes, or multiple tiers that allowed for more complex displays. Frogs could also be paired with or included connections for accessories such as a candle or figurine. Florists were instructed to keep a variety of sizes and kinds on hand that were suited to the container and size and structure of the stems used in a design.
Topic:
Frogs (flower arrangement)  Search this
flowers (plants)  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection. Gift of Frances Jones Poetker.
Accession number:
FJP.1987.290.a, b
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq42af672f2-6911-42ea-b798-d5655bd82872
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hac_FJP.1987.290.a__b