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Catalog Data

Medium:
Cast iron
Dimensions:
2 × 17 in. (5.1 × 43.2 cm)
Style:
Naturalism, Rococo Revival
Type:
Parts
Date:
ca. 1850-1920
Period:
Victorian (1837-1901)
Description:
Cast-iron table top or chair seat with three leg connections. The center of the seat is formed from a spiral branch or vine around a central flower. The outer border of the seat also forms the apron and is adorned with Rococo Revival motifs. This combination of naturalism and Revival style was typical of the Victorian aesthetic. The major characteristics of the art, architecture, and decorative arts produced in nineteenth century are historicism, eclecticism, and mixing multiple styles together. Romanticism and interest in the past led to revivals of the styles, ornamentation, and motifs of the past, and throughout the Victorian era there was a rapid succession of confused style revivals competing at the same time. Interest in the unique and novel, rather than accuracy and perfection, led to mixtures from Classical, Baroque, Rococo, Renaissance, and Gothic in eclectic combinations. Rather than copy specific objects, motifs and forms were adapted to suggest the impressions and associations of an idealized version of the past. The Revival styles are not reflective of their times and are inconsistently applied, often resulting in styles attributed by the majority or primary elements.
Label Text:
In the nineteenth century, cast iron manufactories were able to achieve a high enough temperature to produce fluid iron that was poured into intricate molds of compressed sand. Once the iron had cooled, it was removed from the mold. Rough places and sharp edges were then filed away before the piece was bolted together. It would then be painted, varnished, galvanized, or bronzed several times to prevent rust. Since cast iron pieces were made in components and bolted together, numerous combinations were possible. Customers had the ability to select from a broad range of different finishes, components, and design motifs. Designs followed the trends of the time with natural forms, ornamental motifs pulled from historic revival styles, and complicated shapes.
Topic:
cast iron  Search this
outdoor furniture  Search this
settees  Search this
chairs  Search this
components  Search this
furniture components  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
garden seats  Search this
seating furniture  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection.
Accession number:
1984.162
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq4b52a63b1-5f79-4da9-977c-52c35a31e6cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hac_1984.162