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Catalog Data

Medium:
Ceramic, green glaze
Dimensions:
1 5/16 × 3 1/2 in. (3.3 × 8.9 cm)
Type:
Frogs (flower arrangement)
Date:
Early twentieth century
Description:
Cylindrical, ceramic frog with green glaze. The glaze color is uneven with some white mottled areas. There are sixteen holes that are slightly wider at top, not perfectly round, and not evenly spaced. The top and bottom of the frog are flat, but the sides are slightly bowed at the center. Ceramic blocks with numerous holes were considered especially suited to thicker stems such as tulips and lilies. This example appears to be handmade.
Label Text:
The flower frog, also called the flower block, flower brick, flower holder, and floral arranger was a useful tool for flower design which would keep stems in place, as well as allowing access to the water source in vases as well as shallow containers. Before the invention of floral foam in the mid-twentieth century, many objects and materials were used to secure flowers in an arrangement. Chicken wire, sawdust, moss, clay, and pine needles were all possible options, but the invention of flower frogs made it easier to create symmetrical or free-flowing designs for both the professional and amateur floral artist. Example of flower frogs date back to the sixteenth century and as early as the 1870s many types, such as the dome, cage, loop, ‘Anglais’, ‘Japana’, and pin flower holders, were manufactured in the United States. Flower frogs reached the height of their popularity in the 1920s and 1930s and came in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit the constraints of the display and containers. They could be decorative or entirely utilitarian and were typically made of glass, ceramic, or metal. Many were designed in whimsical shapes such as frogs, fish, hearts, and even gnomes. The utilitarian shapes include cages, pins, domes, or multiple tiers that allowed for more complex displays. Frogs could also be paired with or included connections for accessories such as a candle or figurine. Florists were instructed to keep a variety of sizes and kinds on hand that were suited to the container and size and structure of the stems used in a design.
Topic:
ceramic  Search this
Frogs (flower arrangement)  Search this
flowers (plants)  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection.
Accession number:
1980.029.001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq481ce6daf-d6a4-4d0d-b59b-14c8a74f65b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hac_1980.029.001