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Catalog Data

Cast iron, paint
Overall: 14 1/8 × 4 1/2 in. (35.9 × 11.4 cm)
Vase: 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm)
Art Nouveau
Cemetery vases
ca. 1900
Art Nouveau (1890-1910)
Cast-iron cemetery vases with lily shape. Both vases consist of eight fluted panels that end in scalloped edges and have one side flared higher than the other. Two stakes protrude from the base, near the edge with shorter flares. The tips of the stakes are cut at an angle. The vases have the remnants of olive-green paint, with possible indications of lighter green paint underneath.
Label Text:
The popularity of visiting the cemetery and decorating loved one’s graves with flowers in Victorian times inspired the invention of the cemetery vase in the 1890s. A vast improvement over the bottles and tin cans that had been used for holding flowers previously. The first cemetery vases were made of glass, but metal vases treated with weather-resistant paint soon surpassed them because of they were durable and inexpensive. Attached to the bottom of these conical vases was a long metal spike that could be easily inserted into the ground, which kept the vase securely in place and upright. Iron-reservoir cemetery vases were sold by florists and some cemeteries, and they were the most popular container for Memorial Day flowers from 1897 to 1919. They were widely used in cemeteries, except during World War I and II when Uncle Sam needed the metal for the war effort. During these hiatuses, tomato cans with a hole drilled in the bottom through which a wire was inserted to secure the vase in the ground were used instead.
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cemeteries  Search this
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Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection.
Accession number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens