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Catalog Data

Medium:
Artificial stone
Dimensions:
37 × 24 × 16 in. (94 × 61 × 40.6 cm)
Style:
Neoclassical
Type:
Urns
Date:
ca. 1900-1950
Description:
Artificial-stone urn with Greek figures. This volute-krater form vase is decorated in high relief with Greek figures in a procession scene. The shoulder, neck, and rim are decorated with classical motifs. Copies of famous antique urns were popular in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. This urn design is a variation of the “Townley Vase,” a 2nd century Roman Urn discovered in 1773 by Sir Gavin Hamilton at a villa in Monte Cagnolo and owned by the famous collector, Charles Townley. The Townley Urn was made famous by the poem, "Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats.
Label Text:
The garden in the nineteenth century, typical of Victorian style, tended to be excessively ornamental and complex, combining colors, textures, and materials through plants and garden ornaments. Garden furnishings, such as urns, plant stands, tables, and seating, became essential to the overall design. In Europe in the eighteenth century, a single urn commemorating a person or even was a popular feature in picturesque or Romantic garden style. In America, urns have been a popular feature in the garden since the mid-nineteenth century. This was in part due to systems of mass production developed in the Industrial Revolution that allowed garden urns to be readily available and affordable to the public.
An urn originally referenced a funerary vessel for storing ashes; however, in the garden, an urn refers to a container usually in a classical form, which may be used to plant flowers. An urn generally indicates a large sculptural vessel with a wide mouth and a curved body on a smaller foot that stands on an independent base and may also have handles. Urns could be exclusively decorative or utilitarian, planted with shrubs, flowers, or ornamental varieties. Victorians debated whether to plant in these garden containers, but cast-iron urns were planted more than those made of stone or earthenware. Urns were often displayed in a similar fashion to sculptures, standing on a base or pedestal. They might be single, in pairs, or groups and could be admired as a single work of art or as part of a collective statement. Because urns were more affordable than statues and fountains but created the same visual impact, urns appealed to middle class and became one of the most popular garden ornaments of the nineteenth century. They were strategically placed as the focal point or an accessory to create a specific feeling for a setting. Garden urns were used on porches and verandahs, as well as throughout the garden, to extend the architecture of the house to the grounds, providing a link between art and nature, manmade and organic.
Topic:
artificial stone  Search this
Outdoor ornaments  Search this
urns  Search this
vases  Search this
Design elements  Search this
Design elements  Search this
Egg and dart moldings  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
planters (containers)  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection.
Accession number:
1977.005.002
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq421535a07-04d5-4072-a1fb-311c03f9d4db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hac_1977.005.002