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Catalog Data

Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 16.8 x 5.4 x 0.6 cm (6 5/8 x 2 1/8 x 1/4 in)
Ceremonial Object
ca. 1600-ca. 1050 BCE
Shang dynasty
To 1960
Chen Rentao (1906-1968), Hong Kong, and Frank Caro, C. T. Loo & Co., New York, to 1960 [1]
From 1960 to 1979
U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury [2]
From 1979
Freer Gallery of Art, from October 23, 1979 [3]
[1] This object is one of a group of 88 objects (F80.104-F80.180, FSC-S-22-25 and FSC-O-11a-h) seized in 1960 by the U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury, from the dealer and collector Chen Rentao, Hong Kong and Frank Caro of C. T. Loo & Co., New York.
The objects were deemed to have been introduced into the commerce of the United States in violation of 19 U.S.C. 1592 (Trade with Communist China).
[2] See note 1. The object’s ownership title is based on the settlement agreement, dated November 1971, between the United States, Chen Tung Siang Wen, the executrix for Chen Rentao Estate, and Frank Caro, copy in object file.
See U.S. Customs Service Memorandum, April 23, 1979 and a letter from Thadeus Rojek, Chief Counsel, Department of the Treasury, U.S. Custom Service, to Marie C. Malaro, Assistant General Counsel, Smithsonian Institution, dated November 29, 1979, copy in object file. The objects remained in the custody of the U.S. Customs Service office in New York until 1979.
[3] The object was transferred to the Freer Gallery of Art on October 23, 1979.
Freer Study Collection
Previous custodian or owner:
Chen Rentao 陳仁濤 (1906-1968)
U.S. Customs Service
Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Department of the Treasury, U.S. Customs
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery