Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Catalog Data

Sandstone with traces of polychrome
H x W: 65.5 x 26.7 cm (25 13/16 x 10 1/2 in)
Henan province, China
Northern Wei dynasty
From probably 1936 to 1941
C. T. Loo & Co., New York, probably from October 1936, not later than January 1938 [1]
From 1941 to 1951
Eduard von der Heydt (1882-1964), Ascona, Switzerland, purchased from C. T. Loo in April 1941 and lent to the Buffalo Museum of Science, Buffalo, New York [2]
US Government vested Eduard von der Heydt's property under the provisions of "Trading with the Enemy Act" by vesting order, dated August 21, 1951 [3]
From 1964 to 1973
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, from March 1964 [4]
From 1973
Freer Gallery of Art, transferred from National Museum of Natural History in 1973 [5]
[1] See C. T. Loo's stockcard no. 65055: "Standing Bodhisattva holding a lotus in his right hand. Stone. Legs missing. Wei dynasty: 220-265 A. D. Black marble base," C. T. Loo & Frank Caro Archive, Musée Guimet, Paris, copy in object file. Notes on the stockcard indicate that the sculpture was inventoried by Loo in October 1936.
In January 1938, the sculpture was exhibited by Loo at the Art Club of Chicago, see "Exhibitions of Oriental Art," Parnassus vol. 10, no. 1 (January 1938), pp. 36 (ill.), 37.
[2] See Loo's stockcard cited in note 1. See also "Catalogue of the Von der Heydt Loan to the Buffalo Museum of Science: Loan Material from Baron Von der Heydt, as of March 1949," where the sculpture is documented under an inventory card no. 4151, copy in object file.
[3] See Vesting Order No. 18344, August 21, 1951, Office of Alien Property, Department of Justice.
Eduard von der Heydt exhausted all the legal remedies against the forfeiture of his property provided to him by the Trading with the Enemy Act.
[4] Attorney General, Robert Kennedy authorized transfer of the von der Heydt collection from Buffalo Museum of Science to the custody of the Smithsonian Institution in March 1964. The collection was transferred to the National Museum of Natural History.
In 1966 US Congress legislated transferring the title of the von der Heydt collection to the Smithsonian Institution, see Public Law 89-503, 80 Stat. 287, July 18, 1966. The sculpture was accessioned under no. 448099, see "Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Accession Data," copy in object file.
[5] The sculpture was among 13 objects in the von der Heydt collection transferred from National Museum of Natural History to the Freer Gallery of Art, see "Smithsonian Institution Intramural Transfer of Specimens" memorandum, dated January 29, 1973, copy in object file.
It was accessioned to the Freer Gallery Study Collection under no. FSC-S-9 and subsequently transferred to the permanent collection in August 1978.
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Exhibition History:
Chinese Buddhist Sculpture in New Light (April 14, 2002 to September 8, 2003)
A Decade of Discovery: Selected Acquisitions 1970-1980 (November 9, 1979 to May 22, 1980)
Ausstellung Chinesischer Kunst (January 12 to April 2, 1929)
Previous custodian or owner:
C.T. Loo & Company (1914-1948)
Baron Eduard von der Heydt (1882-1964)
National Museum of Natural History, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution
Buddhism  Search this
bodhisattva  Search this
Northern Wei dynasty (386 - 534)  Search this
lotus  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Transfer from the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery