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Catalog Data

Earthenware clay, iron and manganese pigments
H x W: 18.4 x 22 cm (7 1/4 x 8 11/16 in)
Banshan or Machang type ware
Gansu province, China
ca. 2000 BCE
Neolithic period
Jar; medium size, thin-walled, hand-built; wide mouth, slightly everted lip with two strap handles extending to the bottom of the short neck; widest part of belly is placed low; sharp taper to small flat base which is slightly less than half the diameter of the mouth. Chips and repair as noted below.
Clay: light brownish red, fine-grained, hard, medium-fired, burnished smooth surface.
Glaze: none.
Decoration: Painted before firing in black and dark red of brownish and purplish tone. Area covered extends from inside mouth to within 3/4 cm. of base. Band inside mouth of alternate black and red triangles separated by triple lines and resting on plain black band. Handles have X with enclosed dots, neck a cross-hatch lattice pattern between two red bands. At top of body is a black border with a fine-toothed serrated edge. Depending from this is a swag pattern of broad black bands with serrated edges on the buff ground and with narrow separating red bands. The design is finished by a black band above the base. The fringed-edge bands, although once thought to occur only in funeral sites, have since been found on pottery from habitation sites.
Neolithic period (ca. 7000 - ca. 1700 BCE)  Search this
funerary  Search this
Banshan ware  Search this
Machang ware  Search this
iron pigment  Search this
China  Search this
earthenware  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery