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Catalog Data

Limestone relief
H x W x D: 80.5 x 55.7 x 30.5 cm (31 11/16 x 21 15/16 x 12 in)
Northern Xiangtangshan, North Cave, Hebei province, China
Period of Division, Northern Qi dynasty
Originally located in the North Cave, northern Xiangtangshan, Hebei province, China [1]
From at least 1950 to 1953
C. T. Loo & Company, New York, from at least April 27, 1950 [2]
From 1953
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on July 10, 1953 [3]
[1] The removal of the sculpted figures and fragments from the Xiangtangshan caves began ca. 1909 at the time of political upheaval in China and continued throughout several decades, see, accessed on November 9, 2009. See also J. Keith Wilson and Daisy Yiyou Wang, "The Early-Twentieth-Century 'Discovery' of the Xiangtangshan Caves," in Katherine R. Tsiang et al., Echoes of the Past: The Buddhist Cave Temples of Xiangtangshan, exh. cat. (Chicago: Smart Museum of Art; Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 2010), pp. 106-129 and Katherine R. Tsiang and J. Keith Wilson, "Catalogue of Works in the Exhibition," in Katherine R. Tsiang et al., Echoes of the Past: The Buddhist Cave Temples of Xiangtangshan, 2010, pp. 180-181, cat. no. 11 (ill.).
[2] See C. T. Loo's letter to Archibald Wenley, dated April 27, 1950, in which Loo discusses shipping the sculpture along with F1953.87 to the Freer Gallery, and "List of Objects Shipped to the Freer Gallery of Art", attached to the letter, copy in object file.
See also Loo's stockcard no. NN: "Two stone sculptures, Demons," Frank Caro Archives, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, copy in object file.
[3] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated July 10, 1953, copy in object file.
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Exhibition History:
Promise of Paradise (October 14, 2017 - ongoing)
Echoes of the Past: The Buddhist Cave Temples of Xiangtangshan (February 26, 2011 to January 6, 2013)
Chinese Buddhist Sculpture in New Light (April 14, 2002 to September 8, 2003)
A Decade of Discovery: Selected Acquisitions 1970-1980 (November 9, 1979 to May 22, 1980)
Korean Ceramics (April 11, 1978 to October 13, 1978)
Untitled Exhibition, North Corridor, 1969 (November 20, 1969 to December 11, 1984)
Chinese Art (January 1, 1963 to March 6, 1981)
Centennial Exhibition, Gallery 17 (November 17, 1955 to January 1, 1963)
Stone Sculpture, Gallery 17, 1923 (May 2, 1923 to November 17, 1955)
Untitled Exhibition, Asian Sculpture, North Corridor (May 2, 1923 to October 28, 1955)
Previous custodian or owner:
C.T. Loo & Company (1914-1948)
Buddhism  Search this
relief seal  Search this
demon  Search this
Period of Division (220 - 589)  Search this
Northern dynasties (386 - 581)  Search this
Northern Qi dynasty (550 - 577)  Search this
temple  Search this
cave  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
monster  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
On View:
Freer Gallery 17: Promise of Paradise
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery