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Stone (metasomatic rock)
H x W x D: 13.3 x 17.7 x 1.2 cm (5 1/4 x 6 15/16 x 7/16 in)
Diam (hole): 4.5 cm (1 13/16 in)
Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Lake Tai region, China
ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Late Neolithic period
Previous custodian or owner:
Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century) (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
Reportedly excavated at Luoyang, Henan 
Duanfang (1861-1911) 
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai to 1919 
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1919 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Said to have been in the collection of the Viceroy Tuan Fang and excavated at Lo-yang, Honan."
 See note 1.
 See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1418, pg. 335, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 3.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE)
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Restrictions & Rights:
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery