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Catalog Data

Jade (nephrite)
Diam x D: 23.6 x 1.4 cm (9 5/16 x 9/16 in)
Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE  Search this
Ceremonial Object
Lake Tai region, China
ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Late Neolithic period
Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides, leaving median ridge; richly mottled bright bluish-green, golden tan, and brown; cream-colored fleckings of incipient disintegration, more extensive on one side; dull luster, one strata crack. (Chip on rim.)
Acquired with a box, now lost.
Reportedly excavated in Hsi-hsi, Chekiang [1]
Duanfang (1861-1911) [2]
To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [3]
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [4]
From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]
[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record: "Formerly in the collection of the Viceroy Tuan Fang, and said to have been excavated in Hsi-hsi, Chekiang."
[2] See note 1.
[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1398, pg. 326, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
[4] See note 3.
[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Exhibition History:
Ancient Chinese Jade (September 4, 1980 to March 6, 1981)
Chinese Bronze, Jade, Metalwork (March 1, 1957 to January 1, 1963)
Centennial Exhibition, Galleries 14 and 15 (February 25, 1956 to March 1, 1957)
Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Jade and Bronze (August 26, 1955 to October 25, 1955)
Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1946 (May 7, 1946 to February 25, 1956)
Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1945 (January 9, 1945 to August 20, 1955)
Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Art, 1944 (November 15, 1944 to May 6, 1946)
Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1944 (December 13, 1944 to May 7, 1946)
Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1943 (March 22, 1943 to November 17, 1944)
Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Metalwork (March 14, 1931 to March 22, 1943)
Previous custodian or owner:
Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century) (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
jade  Search this
nephrite  Search this
Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Charles Lang Freer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery