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Catalog Data

Medium:
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11.8 x 84.1 x 0.9 cm (4 11/16 x 33 1/8 x 3/8 in)
Culture:
Erlitou culture, ca. 2000-1600 BCE  Search this
Type:
Jade
Ceremonial Object
Origin:
Probably Henan province, China
Date:
ca. 2000-ca. 1400 BCE
Period:
Erlitou culture or early Shang dynasty
Previous custodian or owner:
Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
Descendants of Duanfang (20th century)
You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
Provenance:
1903
Reportedly unearthed at Qishan ??, Fengxiang xian ???, Shaanxi ?? Province; said to be from the grave of the first Duke of Shao (Shao gong ?? ), Shi ?, the Taibao ?? [1]
To 1911
Duanfang (1861-1911), Beijing, China [2]
1911-1917
Descendants of Duanfang, Beijing, China inherited upon Duanfang's death [3]
1917
You Xiaoxi ??? (late 19th century -- mid-20th century), Shanghai, purchased from Duangfang's family [4]
1917-1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Seaouke Yue [5]
From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]
Notes:
[1] According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record. This object was first published in the West in Berthold Laufer, Jade: A Study in Chinese Archaeology and Religion (Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1912), pl. IX, pp. 40-41. Laufer saw this object in Beijing while it was still in the possession of Tuan Fang [Duanfang] ?? (see documentation in accession file,
F1918.1, Paragraph 2) from whom he obtained a photograph of it and information to the effect that it "was dug up in 1903 not far from the old city in Feng siang fu / Feng hsiang Fu [Fengxiang fu] ??? in Shensi [Shaanxi] ?? province from a considerable depth . . ."
[2] See notes 1 and 3.
[3] See letter from You Xiaoxi (Seaouke Yue) to Charles Lang Freer, May 13, 1917, Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, copy in object file. In this letter, Yue explains that that Duanfang's family will sell the jade sword.
[4] See Original Miscellaneous List, pg. 307, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also cablegram from Seaouke Yue to Charles Lang Freer, August 6, 1917, Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, copy in object file. The cablegram confirms that that sword and other "curios" has been packed and sent to Detroit from China via Wells Fargo.
[5] See note 4.
[6] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Topic:
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Erligang period, Early Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1400 BCE)  Search this
nephrite  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1917.396.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
On View:
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3c1e08388-0c82-493a-a65f-c2619042f3a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1917.396.1