Reportedly unearthed at Qishan ??, Fengxiang xian ???, Shaanxi ?? Province; said to be from the grave of the first Duke of Shao (Shao gong ?? ), Shi ?, the Taibao ?? 
Duanfang (1861-1911), Beijing, China 
Descendants of Duanfang, Beijing, China inherited upon Duanfang's death 
You Xiaoxi ??? (late 19th century -- mid-20th century), Shanghai, purchased from Duangfang's family 
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Seaouke Yue 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record. This object was first published in the West in Berthold Laufer, Jade: A Study in Chinese Archaeology and Religion (Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1912), pl. IX, pp. 40-41. Laufer saw this object in Beijing while it was still in the possession of Tuan Fang [Duanfang] ?? (see documentation in accession file,
F1918.1, Paragraph 2) from whom he obtained a photograph of it and information to the effect that it "was dug up in 1903 not far from the old city in Feng siang fu / Feng hsiang Fu [Fengxiang fu] ??? in Shensi [Shaanxi] ?? province from a considerable depth . . ."
 See notes 1 and 3.
 See letter from You Xiaoxi (Seaouke Yue) to Charles Lang Freer, May 13, 1917, Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, copy in object file. In this letter, Yue explains that that Duanfang's family will sell the jade sword.
 See Original Miscellaneous List, pg. 307, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also cablegram from Seaouke Yue to Charles Lang Freer, August 6, 1917, Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, copy in object file. The cablegram confirms that that sword and other "curios" has been packed and sent to Detroit from China via Wells Fargo.
 See note 4.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.