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H x Diam: 1.6 x 8.6 cm (5/8 x 3 3/8 in)
Diam (hole): 6.3 cm (2 1/2 in)
Jewelry and Ornament
Lake Tai region, China
ca. 5000-1700 BCE
Late Neolithic period
Previous custodian or owner:
Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century) (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
Reportedly excavated in Shensi 
Duanfang (1861-1911) 
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 
From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1917 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Said to have been excavated in Shensi, and to have belonged to the Viceroy Tuan Fang."
 See note 1.
 See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1327, pg. 304, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 3.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE)
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Restrictions & Rights:
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery