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Catalog Data

Jade (nephrite)
H x Diam: 3.5 x 6.8 cm (1 3/8 x 2 11/16 in)
Diam (hole): 5.8 cm (2 1/4 in)
Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE  Search this
Ceremonial Object
Lake Tai region, China
ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Late Neolithic period
Tubular ring with four angles slightly projecting, a variation of the type ts'ung [cong] 琮, possibly a bracelet; translucent, mottled creams, browns, and traces of gray green; light sprinklings of incipient disintegration; decoration: channeled and in low relief; four rectangles with t'ao-t'ieh [taotie] 饕餮 masks carved in two planes and meeting in center of face. (Rims have old smoothed breaks.)
Acquired with a box, now lost.
Reportedly excavated in Shensi [1]
From 1897
Wu Dacheng (1835-1902), acquired in 1897 [2]
To 1917
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [3]
From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1917 [4]
From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]
[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Said to have been excavated in Shensi and acquired by Wu Ta-ch'eng in 1897."
[2] See note 1.
[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1324, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
[4] See note 3.
[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Exhibition History:
Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades (October 14, 2017 - ongoing)
Ancient Chinese Jades and Bronzes (November 20, 2010 to January 3, 2016)
Ancient Chinese Jade (September 4, 1980 to March 6, 1981)
Previous custodian or owner:
Wu Dacheng 吳大澂 (1835-1902)
You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century) (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
Restrictions & Rights:
On View:
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery