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Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)

Catalog Data

Alternate Name:
Biological Survey of Panama, 1910-1912  Search this
Record type:
Expedition name
Canal Zone
Date Range:
1910 - 1912
The Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone was conducted by the Smithsonian Institution between 1910 and 1912. It was a comprehensive survey of the native flora and fauna of the isthmus of Panama prior to the completion of the Panama Canal. It was conducted at the behest of naturalists across the United States who voiced their concerns over the need to record the natural environment before the canal permanently altered the region. The survey was supported by other institutions including the Field Museum and the University of Chicago. Initially the survey only to covered the Canal Zone, but with the support of the Republic of Panama, the parameters expanded to include the entire nation. Work began in late 1910 and was conducted by scientists from the Smithsonian, US government, and universities. Principal participants included Edward A. Goldman (US Bureau of Biological Survey) who collected birds and mammals; Seth E. Meek (Field Museum of Natural History) and Samuel F. Hildebrand (US Bureau of Fisheries) who collected reptiles, amphibians and fishes; Eugene A. Schwarz and August Busck (US Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology); Henri Pittier and Albert S. Hitchcock (US Department of Agriculture), William R. Maxon (U.S. National Museum) who collected plants.
National Museum of Natural History. (2012). "Celebrating 100 Years. Panama 1910-1912: Biological Survey of Panama. " Retrieved from
Entomology  Search this
Herpatology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Ichthyology  Search this
See more records related to participants:
Goldman, Edward Alphonso, 1873-1946
Meek, Seth E. (Seth Eugene), 1859-1914
Hildebrand, Samuel F. (Samuel Frederick), 1883-1949
Schwarz, Eugene Amandus, 1844-1928
Busck, August, 1870-1944
Pittier, Henri, 1857-1950
Hitchcock, A. S. (Albert Spear), 1865-1935
Maxon, William R. (William Ralph), 1877-1948
See more records related to affiliated organizations:
Smithsonian Institution
United States. Bureau of Fisheries
United States. Bureau of Biological Survey
Field Museum of Natural History
University of Chicago
See more records related to this expedition:
Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1910-1912)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project