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Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Gellert, Hugo  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Ruggles, Carl  Search this
Robeson, Paul  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland),  Search this
Reeves, Ruth  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Daniel, Charles  Search this
Fitzgerald, James  Search this
Rasmussen, Knud  Search this
Nearing, Scott  Search this
Seeger, Pete  Search this
Hays, Lee  Search this
Wildenstein, Felix  Search this
Nearing, Helen  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Freuchen, Peter  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt),  Search this
Keller, Charles  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)  Search this
Chamberlain, J. E.  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur  Search this
Jones, Dan Burne  Search this
Untermeyer, Louis  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Boyesen, Bayard  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Writers' Project  Search this
United American Artists  Search this
United Office and Professional Workers of America  Search this
Citizens' Committee for Government Arts Projects  Search this
National Farmers' Union (U.S.)  Search this
Farmers Union of the New York Milk Shed  Search this
National Maritime Union of America  Search this
United Scenic Artists  Search this
International Workers Order  Search this
American Artists' Congress.  Search this
Place of publication, production, or execution:
Physical Description:
89.8 linear feet
1 rd
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Rockwell Kent papers measure 89.8 linear feet and date from circa 1840 to 1993 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1935 to 1961. The collection provides comprehensive coverage of Kent's career as a painter, illustrator, designer, writer, lecturer, traveler, political activist, and dairy farmer. <br /> Circumstances surrounding the acquisition of the papers are highlighted in an article by Garnett McCoy ("The Rockwell Kent Papers," in the Archives of American Art Journal, 12, no. 1 [January 1972]: 1-9), recommended reading for researchers interested in the collection. The collection is remarkably complete, for in the mid 1920s Kent began keeping carbon copies of all outgoing letters, eventually employing a secretary (who became his third wife and continued her office duties for the remainder of Kent's life).<br /> Alphabetical Files contain Kent's personal and professional correspondence, along with business records of the dairy farm and associated enterprises; also included are printed matter on a wide variety of topics and promotional literature relating to organizations and causes of interest to him. Voluminous correspondence with his three wives, five children, and other relatives, as well as with literally hundreds of friends, both lifelong and of brief duration, illuminates Kent's private life and contributes to understanding of his complex character. Among the many correspondents of note are: his art teachers William Merritt Chase, Robert Henri, and Kenneth Hayes Miller; fellow artists Tom Cleland, Arthur B. Davies, James Fitzgerald, Hugo Gellert, Harry Gottleib, Marsden Hartley, Charles Keller, and Ruth Reeves; collectors Duncan Phillips and Dan Burne Jones; critics J. E. Chamberlain and Walter Pach; and dealers Charles Daniel, Felix Wildenstein, and Macbeth Galleries. Kent corresponded with such diverse people as Arctic explorers Peter Freuchen, Knud Rasmussen, and Vilhjalmar Steffanson; composer Carl Ruggles and songwriters Lee Hays and Pete Seeger; civil rights pioneers Paul Robeson and Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois; writers Bayard Boyesen, Scott and Helen Nearing, and Louis Untermeyer; and art historian and print curator Carl Zigrosser.<br /> Kent's interest and involvement in the labor movement are reflected in correspondence with officials and members of a wide variety and large number of unions and related organizations, among them: the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, Farmers' Union of the New York Milk Shed, International Workers Order, National Maritime Union, and United Office and Professional Workers of America. Of special interest is his participation, often in leadership roles, in various attempts to organize artists. Files on the American Artists' Congress, Artists League of America, The Artists Union, United American Artists, and United Scenic Artists contain particularly valuable material on the movement.<br /> A supporter of New Deal efforts to aid artists, Kent was actively interested in the various programs and often was critical of their limitations; he advocated continuing federal aid to artists after the Depression abated. Iincluded within the collection is correspondence with the Federal Arts Project, Federal Fine Arts Project, Federal Writers' Project, and the War Department, as well as correspondence with the Citizens' Committee for Government Art Projects and President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the subject.<br /> Kent's professional correspondence documents exhibitions, sales, consignments, and reproduction of prints and paintings. He kept meticulous records of his advertising commissions and illustration work. Detailed correspondence with publishers and printers indicates Kent's involvement in the technical aspects of production and provides a good overview of the publishing industry during the mid-twentieth century.<br /> Business records of Asgaard Farm include records of the dairy and transfer of ownership to its employees, tax and employee information, and documents concerning several related business ventures such as distributor ships for grain, feed, and farm implements.<br /> Writings consists of notes, drafts, and completed manuscripts by Rockwell Kent, mainly articles, statements, speeches, poems, introductions, and reviews. The Kent Collection given to Friendship House, Moscow, in 1960, was augmented later by a set of his publications and the illustrated manuscripts of many of his monographs. Also included are a small number of manuscripts by other authors.<br /> Artwork consists mainly of drawings and sketches by Kent; also included are works on paper by other artists, many of whom are unidentified, and by children.<br /> Printed Matter consists of clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, brochures, broadsides, programs, and newsletters. These include items by and about Kent and his family, as well as articles written and/or illustrated by him, and reviews of his books. There is also material on a variety of subjects and causes of interest to him. Additional printed matter is included among the alphabetical files, mainly as attachments to correspondence.<br /> Miscellaneous includes biographical material, legal documents, and memorabilia. Artifacts received with papers include textile samples, a silk scarf, dinnerware, ice bucket, and rubber stamp, all featuring designs by Rockwell Kent. Also with this series are a variety of documents including a phrenological analysis of an ancestor, lists of supplies for expeditions, a hand-drawn map of an unidentified place, and technical notes regarding art materials and techniques.<br /> Photographs includes photographs of Kent, his family and friends, travel, and art number that over one thousand. Also included here are several albums of family and travel photographs.
Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
The microfilm of this collection was digitized in 2008 and is available via the Archives of American Art's website. Researchers should note that the legibility of some materials is poor due to the microfilm quality.
Funding for the processing, microfilming, and publication of the finding aid was provided by The Henry Luce Foundation. In 2008, the microfilm was digitized with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Use Note:
Plattsburgh State University of New York Art Museum may hold copyright to portions of the collection.
Related Materials:
Additional Rockwell Kent papers, also located at: Rare Books and Manuscripts Collection, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
Additional and possibly duplicate Rockwell Kent material located at Plattsburgh State University of New York art museum. Researchers are advised to check with Plattsburgh for before publishing Kent material found in the Archives of American Art.
Biography Note:
Rockwell Kent (1882-1971) was a painter, printmaker, illustrator, designer, and commercial artist. Kent also pursued careers as as a writer, professional lecturer, and dairy farmer. He travelled extensively, and was a political activist who supported the causes of organized labor, civil liberties, civil rights, anti-Fascism, and peace and friendship with the Soviet Union.
Language Note:
A small portion of the letters and printed matter (including posters) are in Russian, some with English translations.
Donated 1969 and 1971 by Mr. and Mrs. Rockwell Kent, and in 1996 by Shirley (Sally) Kent Gorton. Funding for the processing, microfilming, and publication of the finding aid was provided by The Henry Luce Foundation. Additional photos, art works and writings were donated 2001 by the Shirley Gorton Johnstone estate.
Digitization Note:
This site provides access to the papers of Rockwell Kent in the Archives of American Art that were digitized in 2008 from 106 reels of microfilm. The papers have been scanned in their entirety, and total 160,404 images.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Authors  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Art and war  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Politics and culture  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Commercial art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Record number:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art