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Catalog Data

Collection Creator:
Holstein, Otto, 1883-1934  Search this
6 Photographic prints
Photo-folder 66
ChimĂș (archaeological culture)  Search this
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Scope and Contents:
[From the Original 1927 Catalog] There are but few vestiges of the many roads and avenues that once existed both within and without the city of Chan Chan. Of the few that do remain photographs have been obtained. Here are vestiges of a broad avenue that once ran along the northwestern side of the city. However the only part which has been preserved is that which runs from the church of San Jose towards north-northeast and that includes the walls which guard it. This avenue reaches the furthest beyond the stone work of the city being extended by a road which runs in a straight line across the plain bein lost only in the broken ground near the Rio Seco (dry river). It has been the belief that this road ran as far as the hacienda of the Chicam valley (called Sausal). Another road lined with ramparts of adobe and stone respectively cut the aforementioned avenue at right angles and ran in the direction of the Rio Seco through the fields now called Valdivia which are cultivated by the present day huanchaqueros. In the same plain are the vestiges of other roads, remains of canals and even traces of foundation dwellings.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email:
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Major Otto Holstein photographs from Chan Chan, Peru, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Major Otto Holstein photographs from Chan Chan, Peru
Major Otto Holstein photographs from Chan Chan, Peru / Series 4: Study of Chan Chan
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian