Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Portraits of American Indian delegates, Washington, D.C.

Catalog Data

Collection Creator:
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
20 Photographic prints
Archival materials
Photographic prints
bulk 1867-1867
Scope and Contents:
This series contains 20 albumen prints shot by Alexander Gardner that depict studio portraits of American Indian delegates, interpreters, agents, and commissioners in Washington, D.C. from 1866-1868. The images include delegates from the Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Kaw (Kansa), Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux), and Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) tribes. Most American Indians are dressed in traditional clothing, however some are dressed in non-traditional outfits. One photograph of note is image P10142, which was shot by Gardner on February 23, 1867 and depicts American Indian delegates posing outside the White House in Washington, D.C. with President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875), Commissioner Lewis Bogy (1813-1877), and Secretary of the Interior Orville H. Browning (1806-1881). Delegates in this photo include individuals from the Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux), Dakota (Eastern Sioux), Santee, Upper Missouri Sioux, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox), Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa), Ottawa, Kickapoo, and Miami tribes.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email:
Collection Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs, P#####; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
NMAI.AC.077, Series 3
See more items in:
William T. Sherman collection of Alexander Gardner photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian