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Catalog Data

Creator:
Sigmon, Paul  Search this
Names:
Eastern Airlines, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.39 Cubic feet (One letter document case)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-1990s
Summary:
This collection documents both Paul Sigmon's career with Eastern Air Lines (EAL) as a customer service agent and the effect the airline's bankruptcy had on its workforce.
This collection is in English.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes the following types of archival material documenting both Paul Sigmon's career with Eastern Air Lines (EAL) as a customer service agent and the effect the airline's bankruptcy had on its workforce: black and white snapshots of EAL aircraft; documentation on various EAL employee benefits, such as health insurance, life insurance, stock options, pension and retirement; bankruptcy hearings notices and disclosure statements; and correspondence sent to employees, including notifications regarding EAL's bankruptcy.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by material type.
Biographical / Historical:
Eastern Air Lines was originally formed as Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. in 1927. In July 1929 it was acquired by North American Aviation as the Eastern Air Lines Division and, in January 1930, was renamed Eastern Air Transport. By February 1933, Eastern had acquired Ludington Airlines, giving Eastern routes to most major eastern cities, including New York, Atlanta, Miami, Atlantic City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC. In 1934 the airline was renamed Eastern Air Lines and introduced Douglas DC-2s on its longer routes. In 1937 Eastern began Douglas DC-3 service and acquired Wedell-Williams Air Service Corporation, thereby extending its routes westward to Houston. North American sold its holdings in Eastern to a group headed by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker. By 1960 Eastern had extended its coverage to Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico, as well as westward to Detroit and St. Louis. In January 1960 Eastern introduced jet service with DC-8s and, in April 1961, inaugurated "Air Shuttle" service between Boston, New York, and Washington, DC with its propeller-driven aircraft. By 1975 Eastern's network covered 100 cities in 30 states, as well as Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean. In 1986 Eastern was bought by Texas Air, making Texas Air the largest airline in the United States. Following labor problems, including a strike by Eastern's machinists which was supported by the pilots and flight attendants, Eastern declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 1989. Paul Sigmon was a 33-year customer service agent for Eastern Air Lines who worked through the bankruptcy and shutdown of Eastern Airlines in 1989.
Provenance:
Paul Sigmon, Gift, 2020, NASM.2021.0012
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Business and labor  Search this
Bankruptcy -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Eastern Air Lines Collection [Sigmon], NASM.2021.0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2021.0012
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2021-0012