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Mayo-Gibbon Heart-Lung Machine

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Catalog Data:
Physical Description:
chromium plate (overall material)
stainless steel (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
plexiglass (overall material)
teflon (overall material)
overall: 182 cm x 77 cm x 96 cm; 71 5/8 in x 30 5/16 in x 37 13/16 in
part 6: 47 cm x 7 cm x 15.6 cm; 18 1/2 in x 2 3/4 in x 6 1/8 in
Object Name:
heart-lung machine
Place made:
United States: Minnesota, Rochester
Date made:
ca 1957
The invention of the heart-lung machine is one of the most significant contributions in the history of cardiac surgery. These machines are used to temporarily replace the function of the heart and lungs, supporting the circulation of blood through the body. The natural heart is by-passed and the heart-lung machine takes over for the patients organs.
The Mayo-Gibbon heart-lung machine was patterned after the Gibbon heart-lung machine designed by John Gibbon, M.D. in 1949. Four years later John Kirklin and his associates at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota began using and improving upon a Gibbon-type heart-lung machine.
In the past three decades, the application of heart-lung machines has been greatly expanded not only for cardiopulmonary bypass during open-heart surgery but also for long-term pulmonary or cardiopulmonary support, called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or precutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS).
Currently not on view
Artificial Organs
Related Publication:
Shumacker, Harris B.. The Evolution of Cardiac Surgery
Fye, W. Bruce. American Cardiology: The History of a Speciality and College
Credit Line:
Edwards Lifesciences, LLC
ID Number:
Catalog number:
Accession number:
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Artificial Hearts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center