Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Squeezes : 393 items; various dimensions
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Tāq-e Bostān Site (Iran)
- For the Arabic inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Iran in the Ancient East. Archaeological Studies Presented in the Lowell Lectures at Boston. London: Oxford University Press, 1941," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Cuneiform inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on the publication, "Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum; Part I, Inscriptions of Ancient Iran; Vol. I, The Old Persian Inscriptions; Portfolio I: Plates i-xlviii. Old Persian Inscriptions of the Persepolis platform. Edited by A. Shapur Shahbazi. Published by Lund Humphries, London, 1985;" and Roland G. Kent's publication, "Old Persian. Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. 2nd Revised Edition. American Oriental Society, Vol. 33. American Oriental Society, New Haven, Connecticut, 1953," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924;" Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980;" and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series VI: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions."
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Arabic language reads, "100 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Bistam (Iran), Congregational Mosque, 1 Inscription in Floral Kufic Script, 5 items. Isfahan (Iran), Tomb in Imamzada Ismail Mausoleum and Tomb in Masjid-i Ali, 4 inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 4 items. Kale i Khosrawi (Iran), unidentified building, 1 Inscription in Kufic Script, 1 item. Pasargadae (Iran), Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, 9 inscriptions, 20 items. Pasargadae (Iran), Gate R (Palace with the Relief), 1 inscription, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 5 Inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 6 items. Rayy (Iran), Tughril Mausoleum, 1 Inscription, 1 item. al-Dūr (Iraq), Mausoleum Imām al-Dūr, 1 inscription, 1 item. Sāmarrā' (Iraq), Balkuwārā Palace, 1 sgraffito, 1 item. Sāmarrā' (Iraq), unidentified building, 1 inscription, 4 items. Shiraz (Iran), Khatun Mausoleum, 2 inscriptions, in Naskhi Script, 2 items. Shiraz (Iran), Shāh Dāi, 3 inscriptions, 3 items. Sunghur (Iran), unidentified gravestone, 2 inscriptions, in Kufic Script, 4 items. Taq-i Bustan (Iran), Sassanid Rock Reliefs, 3 inscriptions, 4 items. Tus (Iran), Haruniya Mausoleum, 4 inscriptions, 10 items. Miscellaneous objects, 33 items related to unidentified Arabic inscriptions on diverse objects and 1 item related to unidentified Cuneiform inscription."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Cuneiform writing reads, "129 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Tomb of Darius I, 3 inscriptions, DNb: Old Persian Version, 30 items; Akkadian Version, 30 items; Elamite Version, 9 items. Persepolis (Iran), Southern Terrace Wall, 4 "Foundation Inscriptions," DPd: Old Persian Version, 5 items, DPe: Old Persian Version, 7 items, DPf: Elamite Version, 7 items, DPg: Akkadian Version, 8 items. Persepolis (Iran), Apadana, 1 Inscription, XPba, Old Persian Version, 7 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 4 Inscriptions, XPca: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 3 items; XPcb: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 5 items; A3Pb: Old Persian Version, 3 items; DPa?: Elamite Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Hadish, 1 Inscription, XPd(west): Old Persian Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Palace H, 1 Inscription, A3Pc: Old Persian Version, 4 items. Persepolis (Iran), unidentified, 1 Inscription, XPb? or XPd?: Akkadian Version, 2 items. Sarpul (Iran), Rock Relief depicting Triumph of Annubanini, 1 inscription, Akkadian version, 1 item. Bonze tablets, 'Abdadana Tablet', 3 items; unidentified tablet, 2 items."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes from the Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq) reads, "164 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 98 items. Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Parthian version, 63 items. . Paikuli (Iraq), Unidentified inscription, Unidentified version, 2 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 1 item."
The Ernst Herzfeld papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Art of the Islamic World
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite
Middle Persian language
Old Persian inscriptions
FSA A.06 6
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1, 1923
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Diary : 1 volume (72 pages) ; 20.5 cm. x 17 cm
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"
- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).
- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).
- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).
- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).
- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).
- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).
- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).
- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).
- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).
- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).
- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).
- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).
- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).
- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).
- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).
- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).
- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).
- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).
- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).
- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).
- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).
- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).
- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).
- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).
- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).
- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).
- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).
- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).
- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).
- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).
- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).
- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).
- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).
- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).
- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).
- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).
- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).
- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.
- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).
- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).
- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).
- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).
- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).
- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).
- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).
- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).
- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).
- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).
- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).
- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).
- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).
- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).
- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).
- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).
- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).
- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).
- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).
- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).
- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).
- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).
- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).
- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).
- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
The Ernst Herzfeld papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C