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African American Snapshots: photoprints

view African American Snapshots: photoprints digital asset: African American Snapshots
Creator:
Orr, Craig
Extent:
3 items
paper,,approx. 4" x 2".,Silver gelatin on
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Atlantic City (N.J.) -- 1920-1940
Date:
1929-1933.
Scope and Contents note:
3 photoprints of African American subjects, in 2 slightly different sizes, with dates and captions written on print surfaces: (1) "Atlantic City 1930 / Lily White Co" (two young women posed in front of ornate building; (2) "1929" (two young children on doorstep of house; (3) "1933" (standing young woman in bathing suit and two automobiles; she leans on one elbow in window of car).
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical/Historical note:
No other information available; photographers unidentified.
Provenance:
Gift.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Probably in public domain due to age. Fees for commercial reproduction.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1930-1940
African American children -- 1920-1940
African Americans -- 1920-1940
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0732
See more items in:
African American Snapshots: photoprints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0732
Additional Online Media:

African American Portrait Tintypes

view African American Portrait Tintypes digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Ahlborn, Richard
Extent:
2 items
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Colorado -- African Americans -- 1880-1900
Date:
circa 1865-1900
Scope and Contents:
Two small portrait busts of young African American men or boys. One wears a jacket and tie. The other tintype, in somewhat worse condition, is bent and abraded and has a hole in the top, and shows a young man wearing a broad-brimmed hat, vest, and jacket, no tie.

No indication of photographer's identity.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Nothing is known about the subjects of the photographs, their origin, or circumstances. Neither photograph is captioned, and the photographer is unidentified.
Provenance:
Purchased by Richard Ahlborn, February 1990 from a dealer in Lyons, Colorado, who believed the tintypes were taken in Colorado. Gift of Mr. Ahlborn to the Archives Center.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African Americans -- 1880-1900
Hats -- 1880-1900 -- Colorado
Vests -- 1880-1900 -- Colorado
Youths -- African American -- 1880-1900 -- Colorado
Genre/Form:
Portraits -- African American men
Tintypes -- 1880-1900
Citation:
African American Portrait Tintypes, ca. 1880-1900, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0515
See more items in:
African American Portrait Tintypes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0515

Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920-1943

view Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920-1943 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946
Subject:
Carlen, Robert
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
9 items
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series. Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters, circa 1920-1943; 9 items
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Summary:
Collection consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.
Citation:
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920-1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Biography Note:
Horace Pippin (1888 -1946) was a self-taught painter from West Chester, Pa. Pippin was inspired to paint by his experiences in World War I. He lost the use of his right arm when wounded during the war and, when painting, had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as "a true American primitive" for his paintings depicting childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, and religious subjects.
Provenance:
WWI journals were purchased from Pippin's dealer, Robert Carlen, in 1956. This collection was microfilmed on reel 138 in 1973, and scanned in 2006. An additional postcard was donated 2017 by Mike Speiser who inherited it from his grandfather Meyer Speiser, who received it from Robert Carlen.
Digitization Note:
The notebooks and letters of Horace Pippin in the Archives of American Art were digitized in 2006. The papers have been scanned in their entirety, and total 114 images.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Painting
African American painters
African American soldiers
World War, 1914-1918
Self-taught artists
Painters
Diaries
Folk art
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8586
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210765
AAA_collcode_pipphora
Theme:
Diaries
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210765
Additional Online Media:

Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005

view Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005
Subject:
Lee-Smith, Hughie
Greenberg, Joseph J.
Bearden, Romare
Andrews, Benny
Overton, Harry
King, Patrick
Browne, Vivian E.
Wynberg, Jonathan
Fray, Thomas
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)
National African American Museum (U.S.)
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
Anacostia Community Museum
Western Michigan University
Spiral (Group of artists)
Harwood Art Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)
New Mexicon African American Artists' Guild
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
2.4 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic records with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Summary:
The papers of African American painter, printmaker, and educator Reginald Gammon measure 2.4 linear feet and date from 1927 to 2007, with bulk of the materials dating from 1960-2005. The collection consists of scattered biographical materials, including video and sound recordings of interviews; correspondence with artists, galleries, organizations, and museums; writings and notebooks; teaching files; printed materials; photographic material; and artwork in the form of sketches, drawings, and paint sketches.
Citation:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
The bulk of the collection was digitized in 2016 and is available on the Archives of American Art's website. Materials not digitized include blank pages, blank versos of photographs, and duplicates. In some cases, exhibition catalogs and other publications have had their covers, title pages, and relevant pages scanned. Additional digital content, such as electronic records and digital user copies of sound and video recordings, may also be available for use at Archives of American Art offices.
Funding:
Funding for the digitization of this collection was provided by The Walton Family Foundation and the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Biography Note:
Reginald A. Gammon (1921-2005) was a painter and art educator, working in New York City, Michigan, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. Gammon was a founding member of Spiral, an African American artist's collective and member of the New Mexico Afro-American Artist Guild. Gammon also taught in the New York public schools and at Western Michigan University.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2007 and 2008 by Janice Gammon, Gammon's widow.
Digitization Note:
This site provides access to the papers of Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus) Gammon in the Archives of American Art that were digitized in 2017, and total 2,258 images.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Sound recordings
Art teachers
Art
Video recordings
Painters
Drawings
Paintings
Photographs
Interviews
African American artists
Artists' studios
Sketches
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13635
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)272096
AAA_collcode_gammreg
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_272096
Additional Online Media:

African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews, 1999, 2001

view African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews, 1999, 2001 digital asset number 1
Interviewee:
Kidwell, Claudia Brush
Melder, Keith E
Mayo, Edith
Ahlborn, Richard E
Roth, Rodris
Hoover, Cynthia A (Cynthia Adams)
Interviewer:
Moresi, Michèle Gates
Subject:
Kidwell, Claudia Brush
Melder, Keith E
Mayo, Edith
Ahlborn, Richard E
Roth, Rodris
Hoover, Cynthia A (Cynthia Adams)
National Museum of History and Technology
National Museum of American History (U.S.)
Physical description:
10 audiotapes (Reference copies)
Type:
Interviews
Collection descriptions
Audiotapes
Oral history
Date:
1999
1999-2001
1999, 2001
Notes:
In 1999 and 2001, Smithsonian predoctoral fellow Michele Gates-Moresi conducted oral history interviews about the history of African-American exhibits at the Smithsonian Institution as part of her dissertation research. In 1999 and 2001, Gates-Moresi interviewed six curators from the National Museum of American History (NMAH), Richard E. Ahlborn, curator in the Division of Community Life; Ellen Roney Hughes, curator in the Division of Community Life; Claudia B. Kidwell, curator in the Division of Costume; Edith P. Mayo, former curator in the Division of Political History; Keith Melder, former curator in the Division of Political History; and Rodris Roth, curator in the Division of Domestic Life. In 2001, she also interviewed Cynthia H. Hoover, curator in the Division of Musical History, also at the NMAH.
Summary:
These interviews conducted by Michele Gates-Moresi cover each curator's role in and views on National Museum of American History exhibitions that have portrayed African-Americans.
Topic:
African Americans
Exhibitions
Employees
African American history
African Americans--Exhibitions
Local number:
SIA RU009603
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249472

African American Family Photograph Collection

view African American Family Photograph Collection digital asset: Finding aid
Extent:
0 Cubic Feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1900-circa 2000
Summary:
The collection consists of black-and-white, sepia-toned and color photographs documenting the lives of African Americans from about the 1920s to the 1980s. It is contained in four albums.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents African American people in a variety of settings, from work and leisure to school photographs and domestic activities. It covers approximately a sixty-year period, from 1920-1980. Many of the photographs are set in various cities in Pennsylvania, including Pittsburgh, but there are photographs from other cities as well, such as Atlantic City, New Jersey and New York City, New York. Parts of the collection appears to document the same places, persons and families, but the majority of the people are not identified. There are many photographs that can be linked to a place or a time period, but not to each other. The photographs are largely undated. Captions written in quotation marks on photograph sleeves represent actual captions that are written on the photographs. Captions presented without quotation marks are processor findings and notations.

Series 1, Photograph Albums, circa 1920-1978; undated, includes four photograph albums with some loose photographs.

Matty Vannall Album, circa 1920-1960; undated, is a black, spiral-ringed, photograph album. The photographs in this album feature many unrelated people, but one African American female subject named Matty Vannall appears frequently. The album seems to be dedicated to her, in the sense that she is documented the most and at various points in her life, though the presentation is not chronological. There are also several photos of a woman named Romaine Gardner, but she does not seem to appear without Vannall. There are pictures of Vannall and Gardner as young adults and middle-aged women, and there are more pictures of Vannall as an elderly woman. Vannall is also pictured with an unidentified Caucasian child for whom she might have been a caregiver, and there are several small portraits of him in the album. At some point Vannall worked as a nurse, and there are group photos of her with her fellow nurses in period uniforms from the 1940s, along with photographs of her as a nurse in her older years. A series of loose photographs shows a day at the beach with family or friends during the 1930s. Those and other loose photographs from this series may be found in box three.

Volume Two, circa 1920-1978; undated, is a book-bound, photograph album covered in gold-colored fabric with embroidered emblems. The outer covers of the album are in good condition, but all of the photographs have been removed for preservation purposes. A copy was made of the photographs in their original positions in the album, but all of the photographs may now be found in box three. The original pagination of the album has been retained as much as possible. Though there are two miniature portraits that are presumably from the 1920s, and some black-and-white photographs from the 1950s, the series is set predominately during the 1970s. Of note is a series of school portraits of an African-American girl identified as "Ruth" and two black-and-white pictures featuring The Atlantic City Tavern.

Volume Three, circa 1940-1970; undated, is a coverless and backless photograph album with a spiraled, metal binding down the side with black and white photographs. The photographs are largely single subject, with some subjects appearing in multiple photographs. For instance, two women, identified as "Marlene" and "Shy", are featured separately, but they appear multiple times in various styles of dress. Also included are African American people at leisure and children at play, and a senior graduation photograph taken at the Pennsylvania Industrial School. There are a number of loose photographs of an unnamed circus performance and a football game of the Pittsburgh Steelers versus the Indianapolis Colts. Of note is a candid photo featuring Terry Bradshaw, LC Greenwood and Larry Brown and two unidentified males sitting in a groundskeeper's cart. Though two of the men are unidentified, all of the men were presumably players for the Pittsburgh Steelers. The exact location of this photograph is unknown, but it appears to be a stadium. This photograph and other loose photographs from this series are also located in box three.

Slade Family Album, circa 1960-1970; undated, is a black, book-bound photograph album. These photographs document roughly a ten-year period in the lives of the Slade family. The series is set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, though there are some photographs set in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The album focuses largely on Evelyn Slade (maiden name "Dennis"), the owner of the original album. An inscription by her is written on the back panel of the album. Included are photographs of her, her husband Roland and their children, as well as relatives at various events, from family picnics to parties, and a trip to the Empire State Building in New York City. Family friends are also included. Another highlight of the series is a group of photographs of the Atlantic City Tavern's "Atlantic City Football Extravaganza," celebrating a game featuring the Pittsburgh Steelers and the New York Jets. There are also a group of graduation photos given to Roland Slade by his friends before his graduation from Fifth Avenue High School circa 1968 or 1969. Of particular note is Ed Fleming, a former National Basketball Association player for the Rochester Royals. There are photographs of him and his wife, as well as a newspaper article announcing the birth of their daughter, Cynthia Eileen. Loose photographs from this series may also be found in box three.

Series 2, Photographs, circa 1920-1980; undated, includes a series of photographs that are not connected to any of the photograph albums. The photographs are separated by decades, with one section for 1920 and 1930, one section for 1940 and so on, until 1980. There are single-subject and multiple- subject photographs; some are portraits and some are candid. The photographs are set in homes, outdoor landscapes and schools and feature family barbeques, Christmas and New Year's celebrations, reunions and school performances. Of interest is a photograph taken at a dance for the Veterans of Foreign Wars organization (1960), a postcard of The Cottage at Bauder's in Cloyne, Ontario (1920-1930), and two photographs of an adolescent couple dressed for a formal event (1980). There is also an aerial photograph of Logan Field, Baltimore, Maryland's first municipal airport. The photograph is dated 1941, Logan Field's last year of operation, as it was replaced that same year by Harbor Field.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Photograph Albums, circa 1920-1978; undated

Series 2, Photographs, circa 1920-1980
Provenance:
Purchased from the Old Glory Antique Marketplace in 2008.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African Americans -- History -- 20th century
African American families
Portraits -- African American women
Portraits -- African American children
Portraits -- 20th century
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Portraits -- African American men
Studio portraits
Citation:
African American Family Photograph Collection, ca. 1950-ca. 2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1127
See more items in:
African American Family Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1127

Program in African American Culture Collection

view Program in African American Culture Collection digital asset: Program in African American Culture Collection
Collector:
Maltsby, Portia
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture
Extent:
100 cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1979-1986
Scope and Contents:
Audio and video documentation of concerts, lectures, seminars, and colloquia on African American historical and cultural topics including gospel music, African American religion, jazz music, and the civil rights movement. Photographs are primarily documentation of the programs, rather than earlier, historic images.

Includes archival original, magnetic tape, 1/4", audiocassette, 3/4",Umatic video cassette, and 1/2",VHS video cassette.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into 31 series. Chronological by program title.
Biographical / Historical:
Collection created by the Program in African Amerian Culture at the Smithsonian Institution from 1979-1986.
Provenance:
Collection created by the Program in African Amerian Culture at the Smithsonian Institution from 1979-1986.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Use of reference audio and video cassette copies only.
Rights:
Reproduction fees for commercial use. Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Civil rights
African American history
African American religion
Gospel music
African Americans -- Music
Civil rights movements
Jazz
Genre/Form:
Audio cassettes
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0408
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0408
Additional Online Media:

19th century African-American Literature Collection

view 19th century African-American Literature Collection digital asset: Finding aid
Names:
African Methodist Episcopal Church
First African Baptist Church (Savannah, Ga.)
Knights of Pythias
Douglass, Frederick, 1817?-1895
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879
Extent:
3.4 linear feet ((30 books))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1800 - circa 1898
Summary:
This collection, which dates from the 19th century, contains 30 books written by or concerning African-Americans. The books are largely non-fiction and include material relating to African-American churches and evangelists, fraternal organizations, prominent members of the African-American Community, former slaves, education and self-improvement. Also present are several volumes of poetry, a tax ledger and a volume concerning patents.
Formatted Contents note:
Life and times of Frederick Douglass, written by himself -- Duplicate copy of the souvenir from the Afro-American league of Tennessee to Hon. James M. Ashley of Ohio... -- Myrtilla Miner, a memoir -- A narrative of the life and travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince -- A list of patents granted by the United States from April 10, 1790... -- Comly's spelling and reading book -- Poems written during the progress of the abolition question in the United States... -- The Black phalanx -- Progress of a race; or, the remarkable advancement of the Afro-American Negro from the bondage of slavery... -- Africa and America; addresses and discourses -- A discourse, delivered on the death of Capt. Paul Cuffe -- An apology for African Methodism -- History of the Knights of Pythias -- The college of life; or, practical self-educator, a manual of self-improvement for the colored race... -- The Rev. J.W. Loguen, as a slave and as a freeman -- Behind the scenes -- The story of Archer Alexander from slavery to freedom, March 30, 1863 -- From slave cabin to pulpit: the autobiography of Rev. Peter Randolph -- Uncle Tom's story of his life from 1789-1877 -- Poems on various subjects, religious and moral -- Men of mark: eminent, progressive and rising -- [Tax ledger] -- A memorial discourse by Rev. Henry Highland Grant -- My recollections of African M.E. Ministers -- William Lloyd Garrison: the abolitionist -- Annals of the First African church in the United States of America... -- How to get and keep churches out of debt... -- Code and the discipline of the African Methodist Episcopalian Zion Church -- History of the First African Baptist Church -- An autobiography: the story of the Lord's dealings with Mrs. Amanda Smith, the colored evangelist.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans -- Social conditions
African American religious leaders
Slavery -- United States
Freedmen
Slaves
American poetry -- African American authors
African Americans -- Social life and customs
Genre/Form:
Books
Citation:
19th century African-American literature collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-107
See more items in:
19th century African-American Literature Collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-107

African American Museums Association Audiovisual Records

view African American Museums Association Audiovisual Records digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum
Names:
African American Museums Association
Anacostia Community Museum
Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum
Extent:
0.2 linear feet
75 sound recordings (71 audio cassette sound recordings ; 4 microcassette sound recordings)
Culture:
African American
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1978-1995
bulk 1978-1979
Scope and Contents note:
This collection contains audio recordings of meetings and conferences led by the African American Museums Association (AAMA). It includes recordings of AAMA events from the years 1978-1995, with the majority being created in 1978 and 1979.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Genre/Form:
Museum records
Conferences
Sound recordings
Citation:
African American Museums Association Audiovisual Records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
ACMA.AV09-019
See more items in:
African American Museums Association Audiovisual Records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-av09-019

African-American Cosmetic and Food Label Collection

view African-American Cosmetic and Food Label Collection digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Wright, Helena, 1946-
Names:
Famous Products Co.
Lucky Man Co.
Madam Jones Co.
Val-Mor Co.
Extent:
0.12 cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1934-1946
Scope and Contents:
Fifty-three personal care and food labels from four Chicago area African-American businesses: Famous Products Company, Madam Jones Company, Lucky Man Company, and Val-Mor Products Company.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection contains African American cosmetic and food labels, 1934-1946, designed to appeal to the African-American consumer market.
Provenance:
Helena Wright, Gift, 11/23/1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Packaging
Cosmetics industry
African American business enterprises -- 1930-1960
Genre/Form:
Labels
Citation:
African-American Cosmetic and Food Label Collection, 1934-1946, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0480
See more items in:
African-American Cosmetic and Food Label Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0480

Jubilee: African American Celebration audiovisual records

view Jubilee: African American Celebration audiovisual records digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum
James, Portia P.
Extent:
3 video recordings (2 miniDV video recordings ; 1 VHS 1/2" video recording)
0.15 linear feet (1 box)
Culture:
African American
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
2006
Scope and Contents note:
This collection contains the audiovisual output of the Anacostia Community Museum's "Jubilee: African American Celebration" exhibition. The exhibition examines historical and contemporary African American holidays and celebrations from around the country. More than 50 holidays, celebratory traditions and occasions are presented in a season-based journey through a calendar year. Observances profiled include those no longer existing, ones created in response to significant events (such as Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation), regional favorites and black traditions associated with mainstream holidays. Also covered are leisure-time activities, college and church homecomings, black Greek organizations' events, family reunions and recent holidays like Kwanzaa and Martin Luther King Jr. Day. The video recordings in this collection document New Orleans Mardi Gras celebrations and docent training for the exhibition.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Mardi Gras
Museum exhibits
Holidays
Celebrations
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Jubilee: African American Celebration audiovisual records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
ACMA.AV03-055
See more items in:
Jubilee: African American Celebration audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-av03-055

African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews

view African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews digital asset: Finding aid
Extent:
10 audiotapes (reference copies).
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1999, 2001
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also reminiscences and interviews recorded by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

The History of African American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Oral History Interviews were compiled by graduate student Michele Gates-Moresi as part of her research on the presentation of African American history at the Smithsonian.
Descriptive Entry:
The History of African American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Oral History Interviews conducted by Michele Gates-Moresi cover each curator's role in and views on National Museum of American History exhibitions that have portrayed African-Americans. These interviews cover the relationship between research and exhibition at the NMAH; changes in attitudes towards culturally diverse exhibits; exhibit processes during 1964 to 1990 at National Museum of History and Technology (now NMAH) and the incorporation of Negro History an other ethnic groups, especially Hispanics; the Bicentennial of the American Revolution exhibit, A Nation of Nations; and integration of African American collections into the music, costume, and political history collections.

The History of African American Exhibits Oral History Collection consist of 7 interview sessions, totaling approximately 9.0 hours of audiotape recordings, and 231 pages of transcript. There are three generations of recordings: original audio cassettes, preservation digital audio .wav files, reference digital audio .mp3 files and reference audio cassettes. In total this collection is comprised of 10 original audio cassette tapes, 18 preservation digital audio .wav files, 18 reference digital audio .mp3 files, and 10 reference copy audio cassettes. The original tapes are reserved in preservation storage.
Historical Note:
Museum exhibits are the result of a complex interplay between curators, collections, social currents, and the public. In 1999 and 2001, Smithsonian predoctoral fellow Michele Gates-Moresi conducted oral history interviews about the history of African-American exhibits at the Smithsonian Institution as part of her dissertation research. In 1999 and 2001, Gates-Moresi interviewed six curators from the National Museum of American History (NMAH), Richard E. Ahlborn, curator in the Division of Community Life; Ellen Roney Hughes, curator in the Division of Community Life; Claudia B. Kidwell, curator in the Division of Costume; Edith P. Mayo, former curator in the Division of Political History; Keith Melder, former curator in the Division of Political History; and Rodris Roth, curator in the Division of Domestic Life. In 2001, she also interviewed Cynthia H. Hoover, curator in the Division of Musical History, also at the NMAH.
Rights:
Restricted.
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9603, African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9603
See more items in:
African-American Exhibits at the Smithsonian Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9603

Nina Howell Starr papers, 1933-1996

view Nina Howell Starr papers, 1933-1996 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Starr, Nina Howell, 1903-2000
Subject:
Sherwood, Maggie
Siskind, Aaron
Szarwarski, John
Evans, Walker
Ringgold, Faith
Daitz, Evelyne Z.
Kanaga, Consuelo
Brandt, Helene
Kruger, Louise
Morgan, Barbara Brooks
Lippard, Lucy R.
Ghent, Henri
Kernan, Margo
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton
Rose, Ruth Starr
Putnam, Wallace
Cohen, Stephanie
DiSpirito, Henry
Coke, Van Deren
Savage, Naomi
Mainardi, Patricia Madelena
Evans, Minnie
Uelsmann, Jerry
Strand, Paul
Connor, Linda
Museum of American Folk Art
Southern Regional Council
Photographic Historical Society of New York
Sharon Arts Center
Professional Women's Photographers, Inc
International Women's Art Festival
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
21.2 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
The papers of photographer and art historian Nina Howell Starr measure 21.2 linear feet and date from circa 1933 to 1996. The papers contain research files about various art historical topics, museums and galleries, photography, and artists. There are extensive files documenting Starr's relationship as researcher, dealer, and friend of folk painter Minnie Evans. Additionally, the papers include biographical materials, writings, speeches, project files, printed material collected or authored by Starr, and hundreds of artistic and documentary photographs and negatives created by Starr depicting her travels, Minnie Evans' paintings, roadside folk art, and other topics.
Citation:
Nina Howell Starr papers, 1933-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
Some of the sound recordings in this collection have been digitized for research access and are available in the Archives of American Art offices.
Funding:
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Smithsonian's Collections Care and Preservation Fund.
Biography Note:
Nina Howell Starr (1903-2000) was a photographer, art dealer, and art historian who worked primarily in New York City.
Provenance:
Nina Howell Starr donated her papers to the Archives of American Art in 1996.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Folk art
Photographs
Art dealers
Prints
Sketches
Art historians
Sound recordings
Photography
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
African American art
Women photographers
Interviews
Drawings
Civil rights
Photographers
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6053
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216034
AAA_collcode_starnina
Theme:
African American
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216034

John Outterbridge papers, 1953-1997

view John Outterbridge papers, 1953-1997 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Outterbridge, John Wilfred, 1933-
Subject:
Marley, Bob
Otis, Johnny
Bradley, Tom
Hines, Gregory
White, Charles
Angelou, Maya
Simone, Nina
Watts Towers Art Center
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
4.9 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Summary:
The papers of Los Angeles African American painter, sculptor, and arts administrator John Outterbridge measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1953 to 1997. The papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional and project files, Watts Towers Arts Center files, exhibition files, printed material, photographs, a scrapbook, and one motion picture film reel.
Citation:
John Outterbridge papers, 1953-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also has an oral history interview with John Outterbridge conducted by Allen Bassing in 1973.
A copy of the film, "John Outterbridge: Black Artist," is available in the Samella Lewis papers, in the Rose Library at Emory University.
Biography Note:
John Outterbridge (1933- ) is an African American painter, sculptor and arts administrator in Los Angeles, California.
Provenance:
The John Outterbridge papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by John Outterbridge in 1997.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Painters
Sketches
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Artists' studios
African American artists
Arts administrators
Towers
Interviews
Photographs
Sculptors
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6097
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216289
AAA_collcode_outtjohn
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216289
Additional Online Media:

Robert Dennis Reid papers, 1961-1977

view Robert Dennis Reid papers, 1961-1977 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Reid, Robert Dennis, 1924-2000
Subject:
Bearden, Romare
Rose Fried Gallery (New York, N.Y.)
Grand Central Art Galleries
Grand Central Moderns (Gallery)
University of Notre Dame.Art Gallery
Galerie Darthea Speyer
ADI Gallery
Fairweather Hardin Gallery
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
0.2 linear ft.
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
This small collection of papers of African-American painter and fine arts professor Robert Dennis Reid consists of a resume, 75 letters to and from Reid, scattered exhibition catalogs and announcements, clippings, and photographs and slides of Reid's artwork. There is also one photograph of Reid. Within the correspondence are six letters from Romare Bearden, as well as correspondence with Grand Central Modern Gallery, Grand Central Galleries, University of Notre Dame Art Gallery, Fairweather Hardin Gallery (Chicago), Rose Fried Gallery, Galerie Darthea Speyer (Paris), Benson Gallery, ADI Gallery, Inc. (San Francisco, Calif.), and the Young Gallery (Calif.).
Citation:
Robert Dennis Reid papers, 1961-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Biography Note:
Painter, instructor; New York City b. Nov. 9, 1924, Atlanta, Ga.; d. Dec. 10, 2000, Riverdale, Ga.
Provenance:
Donated 1978 by Robert Reid.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Painters
Photographs
African American artists
Art galleries, Commercial
Exhibition catalogs
Art teachers
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8399
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210573
AAA_collcode_reidrobd
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210573
Additional Online Media:

Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980

view Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977
Subject:
Browne, Byron
Bearden, Romare
Lawrence, Jacob
Woodruff, Hale Aspacio
Welty, Eudora
City University of New York. City College
United States.Work Projects Administration
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
0.9 linear ft.
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
The scattered papers of African-American painter, muralist, illustrator, sculptor, and educator Charles Henry Alston (1907-1977) measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1924-1980. The bulk of the collection documents his personal and professional relationships with figures of the Harlem Renaissance. Researchers should note that this collection contains very little documentation on Alston's actual federal WPA work with the Harlem Art Workshop, the Harlem Artists Guild, or his Harlem Hospital murals completed in 1940. A photograph of Alston in 1937 is likely the only reference to the actual WPA murals in this collection.
Citation:
Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
The bulk of this collection was digitized in 2010 and is available via the Archives of American Art's website. Materials not scanned include health records, financial tax notes, duplicates, and photographs of works of art.
Funding:
Funding for the digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Related Materials:
In 1970, Charles Alston loaned materials for microfilming, including correspondence with Henry Epstein, Langston Hughes, Robert Riggs, Harry Sternberg, J. Johnson Sweeney, Hale Woodruff, and others. Also loaned for microfilming were sketchbooks, printed materials, and photographs. Subsequently, some of the photographs were later donated by Alston's sisters. The loaned materials are available only on microfilm reel N70-23 at Archives of American Art offices, and through interlibrary loan.
Additional Charles Henry Alston papers are also located at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library.
Also found in the Archives of American Art are two oral history interviews with Charles Henry Alston, one conducted by Harlan Phillips on September 28, 1965 and another by Al Murray on October 19, 1968.
Biography Note:
Charles Henry "Spinky" Alston (1907-1977) was a painter and an educator from New York, N.Y. Charles Alston was born in Charlotte, N.C. and grew up in Harlem. He was director of the Harlem Art Workshop during the Great Depression, along with sculptor Henry Bannarn. There he taught and mentored African-American painter Jacob Lawrence, as well as Romare Bearden, among others. Alston also helped form the Harlem Artists Guild, which pressured the government to be more inclusive in its grant giving. He was an instructor at the Art Students League (1950-1971) and at the City College of New York (1959-1977).
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Aida Winters and Rousmaniere Alston Wilson, Charles Alston's sisters, in 1982 and 1984.
Digitization Note:
This site provides access to the papers of Charles Henry Alston in the Archives of American Art that were digitized in 2010. The papers have been scanned in their entirety, and total 948 images.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Writings
African American artists
Painters
Photographs
Muralists
Harlem Renaissance
Sculptors
Art
Illustrators
Educators
Federal aid to the arts
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5643
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208477
AAA_collcode_alstchar
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208477
Additional Online Media:

William Christopher papers, circa 1920s-circa 1973

view William Christopher papers, circa 1920s-circa 1973 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Christopher, William R. (William Rodolphus), 1924-1973
Subject:
Archer, Osceola
French, Margaret
King, Martin Luther
Tooker, George
Crapo, Henry H.
Perlin, Bernard
Howard, Charles
Von Mohrenschildt, Dimitri Sergius
Selma to Montgomery Rights March
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
8.2 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Summary:
The William Christopher papers measure 8.2 linear feet and date from circa 1920s to circa 1973. Materials include biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, five diaries, subject/project files, printed materials, photographs, numerous sketches and eleven sketchbooks, and five film reels. The subject/project files include correspondence, printed materials, and two additional diaries about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the 1965 civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
Citation:
William Christopher papers, circa 1920s-circa 1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding:
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Smithsonian Institution Collections Care and Preservation Fun.
Biography Note:
William Christopher was a painter, art instructor, and Civil Rights activist living and working in New York, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
Provenance:
William Christopher donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in 1972.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Sketches
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sketchbooks
Diaries
African Americans
Drawings
Photographs
Civil rights demonstrations
Civil rights
Painters
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7418
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209576
AAA_collcode_chriwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209576
Additional Online Media:

Hughie Lee-Smith papers, circa 1890-2007, bulk 1931-1999

view Hughie Lee-Smith papers, circa 1890-2007, bulk 1931-1999 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Lee-Smith, Hughie, 1915-1999
Subject:
Goreleigh, Rex
Wald, Carol S.
Carter, Clarence Holbrook
Bearden, Romare
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus)
Hirsch, Joseph
Wessel, Sophie
Woodruff, Hale Aspacio
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)
National Academy of Design (U.S.)
Audubon Artists
Ira Aldridge Society
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
33.3 linear feet
1 rolled doc
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Summary:
The papers of painter and educator Hughie Lee-Smith measure 33.3 linear feet and date from circa 1890 to 2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1931 to 1999. The collection documents Lee-Smith's career through biographical material, personal and professional correspondence, writings by Lee-Smith and others, personal business records, exhibition files, organization records, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs, a small amount of artwork, numerous interviews, and recordings for a documentary film on Lee-Smith. Also found are the papers of artist Rex Goreleigh, a friend of Lee-Smith.
Citation:
Hughie Lee-Smith papers, circa 1890-2007, bulk 1931-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Use Note:
Authorization to publish requires written permission from: Robert Panzer, VAGA, 350 Fifth Ave., Suite 2820, New York, NY 10118; tel. 212-736-6666; fax 212-736-6767; info@vagarights.com
The donor, Patricia Lee-Smith, has retained copyright.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Hughie Lee-Smith conducted by Carroll Greene in 1968.
Biography Note:
Hughie Lee-Smith (1915-1999) was a painter and educator in Illinois, Michigan, and New York.
Provenance:
A small amount of material was donated 1969-1981 by Hughie Lee-Smith. Additional papers were donated in 2011 by Patricia Lee-Smith, widow of Hughie Lee-Smith.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Artists' studios
Video recordings
Photographs
Drawings
Painters
African American artists
Educators
Sound recordings
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16003
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)305744
AAA_collcode_leeshugh
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_305744

William H. Johnson papers, 1922-1971, bulk 1926-1956

view William H. Johnson papers, 1922-1971, bulk 1926-1956 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Johnson, William H. (William Henry), 1901-1970
Subject:
Nierendorf, Karl
Halpert, Edith Gregor
Hughes, Langston
Hawthorne, Charles Webster
Johnson, Holcha Krake
Aden, Alonzo J.
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
1.3 linear ft.
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
The papers of African American painter William H. Johnson date from 1922 to 1971, with the bulk of the material dating from 1926 to 1956, and measure 1.3 linear feet. The collection documents Johnson's career as an artist in New York and in Europe and his marriage to textile artist Holcha Krake through scattered biographical material, including eight letters regarding the sale and exhibition of his work. Also found are exhibition catalogs, news clippings, other printed material, and photographs of Johnson, Krake, and their artwork. One scrapbook contains news clippings, letters, and additional photographs. Another scrapbook contains travel postcards. Also found are a few scattered records and research notes compiled by the Harmon Foundation regarding William H. Johnson.
Citation:
William H. Johnson papers, 1922-1971, bulk 1926-1956. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
The bulk of the papers have been digitized and is available via the Archives of American Art's website. A scrapbook of postcards and photocopies of foreign news clippings have not been scanned.
Funding:
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Biography Note:
William H. Johnson (1901-1970) was a painter, printmaker, typographer, and teacher from New York, N.Y.
Language Note:
Reel 3829, many clippings are in Danish, Swedish or Norwegian.
Provenance:
The materials were originally donated to the National Museum of American Art by the Harmon Foundation in 1982. NMAA subsequently transferred them to the Archives in 1982 and 1986.
Digitization Note:
The papers of William H. (William Henry) Johnson in the Archives of American Art were digitized in 2010. The bulk of the papers have been scanned and total 713 images.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
African American artists
Painters
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6889
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209018
AAA_collcode_johnwill
Theme:
African American
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209018
Additional Online Media:

Richard J. Powell papers, 1971-1992

view Richard J. Powell papers, 1971-1992 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Powell, Richard J., 1953-
Subject:
Johnson, William H. (William Henry)
Place of publication, production, or execution:
Other
Physical Description:
1.0 linear ft.
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
Papers of art historian and curator Richard (Rick) Powell, ca. 1971-1992, mostly concerning Powell's research and writings on William H. Johnson (1901-1970). Found is Powell's correspondence with Robert Baehr, Sigrid Bondo, Adelyn Breeskin, David C. Driskell, Michel Fabre, Robert Ferris Thompson, óystein Hjort, Margo Humphrey, Gregers Krake, Richard A. Long, Torben LundbÁk, Virginia Mecklenburg, Jostein Nerb?vik, Mette N?rredam, James Parker, Jules D. Prown, Kjetil Tandstad, Judith Wilson, Debbie Wood, and Danish and Scandinavian museums and associations. There are also two illustrated research/travel journals containing Powell's comments on Johnson's works of art, related thoughts, slide lists, notes from his lectures at the Sorbonne in Paris, and other experiences dating from July 14 to November 28, 1984 and January 1 to June 20, 1985; two wall calendars, 1984-1985, noting appointments and exhibition openings; a notebook, loose notes and other writings; postcards, research files that contain photocopies of printed material and other primary documents about Johnson including clippings from foreign newspapers with translations; printed materials concerning the exhibition, "Homecoming: William H. Johnson and Afro-America, 1938-1946" curated by Powell at the National Museum of American Art, 1991-1992; photographs (copy prints, contact prints, and negatives) of Johnson and his artwork; and miscellany.
Citation:
Richard J. Powell papers, 1971-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Biography Note:
Art historian, curator; Washington, D.C. (National Museum of American Art).
Provenance:
Donated 2000 by Richard J. Powell.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Travel diaries
African American artists
Art historians
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6328
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)226091
AAA_collcode_powerich
Theme:
African American
Diaries
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_226091
Additional Online Media:

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