National Museum of Natural History, Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program, records, circa 1961-1973, with data from 1923
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Shearwaters and petrels
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Field books, unbound notes, maps, and photographs from this collection document the activities of researchers conducting biological surveys in the Pacific Ocean with the Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program, with an emphasis on banding pelagic birds to determine migration, distribution and populations.|The Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program (POBSP) was initiated in 1962 when the Smithsonian Institution entered into a grant agreement with the Department of Defense. From January 1963 through June 1969 Smithsonian Institution employees undertook biological surveys in an area of the Pacific Ocean spanning the equator and extending from latitude 30 degrees north to 10 degrees south and from longitude 150 degrees west to 180 degrees west, an area dotted with clusters of islands and atolls. The major goals of the program were to learn what plants and animals occurred on the islands, the seasonal variations in their numbers and reproductive activities, and the distribution and population of the pelagic birds of that area.