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Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Entry made July 1, 1946

view Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Entry made July 1, 1946 digital asset number 1
Author:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-
Physical description:
Number of Images: 4; Color: Color; Size: 5w x 7.25h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 10w x 7.25h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
Marshall Islands
Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands)
Date:
July 1, 1946
1946
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Leonard Peter Schultz served as assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Division of Fishes, a position he held until 1965. He held the title senior zoologist from 1965 to 1968. Operation Crossroads was an expedition to Bikini Atoll and the northern Marshall islands in 1946 under the auspices of the Department of the Navy. Schultz was in charge of the biological investigation of the reef fishes in the area. His investigations centered on the relative abundance of fauna before and after the atom bomb tests. Specimens were collected for the purpose of comparison and to make possible a study of anatomical variations among the various island fish populations.
SIA2010-0901 has a size of 10w x 7.25h. All others have a size of 5w x 7.25h.
See Neg. #s for Operation Crossroads 1946: 91-6345, SIA2010-0896, SIA2010-0897, SIA2010-0898, SIA2010-0899, SIA2010-0900, SIA2010-0901, SIA2010-0902, SIA2010-0903, SIA2010-0904, SIA2010-0905, SIA2010-0906, SIA2010-0907, SIA2010-0908, SIA2010-0922, SIA2010-0923, SIA2010-0973, SIA2010-0974
Summary:
In this entry, Dr. Leonard P. Schultz describes his experience of the Able Day Atom Bomb explosion which he witnessed from a ship 20 miles from the site of detonation. He reports the procedure for watching the explosion while on the ship, and then describes in detail what he saw and heard. As well, he takes note of his correspondence for the day.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Box 23, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Atomic Bomb Tests
Letters
Letter writing
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Operation Crossroads, Marshall Islands, 1946/1947
Scientific expeditions
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Standard number:
SIA2010-0897 and SIA2010-0898 and SIA2010-0899 and SIA2010-0900 and SIA2010-0901
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Additional Online Media:

Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads

view Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads digital asset number 1
Author:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-
Subject:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-
United States Navy
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 5.25w x 8h; Type of Image: Document; Book Cover; Medium: Paper
Type:
Book Cover
Document
Paper
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Marshall Islands
Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands)
Date:
1946
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Leonard Peter Schultz, Ichthyologist and Field Naturalist, served as National Museum of Natural History's assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Division of Fishes, a position he held until 1965.
The Crossroads Operation was an expedition to Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands in 1946 under the auspices of the Department of the Navy. Schultz was in charge of the biological investigation of the reef fishes in the area. His investigations centered on the relative abundance of fauna before and after the atom bomb tests. Specimens were collected for the purpose of comparison and to make possible a study of anatomical variations among the various island fish populations.
Summary:
Cover of Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads. The cover reads "Log of Crossroads Project by Dr. Leonard P. Schultz Curator of Fishes U.S. National Museum."
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Box 23, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Operation Crossroads, Marshall Islands, 1946/1947
Reef ecology
Atomic bomb
Fishes
Atomic Bomb Tests
Scientific expeditions
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Museums--Employees
Museum curators
Ichthyology
Standard number:
SIA2010-0894
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Page 1

view Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Page 1 digital asset number 1
Author:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-
Subject:
United States Navy
United States National Museum
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 5w x 7.25h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
Marshall Islands
Date:
1946
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Leonard Peter Schultz served as assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Division of Fishes, a position he held until 1965. Operation Crossroads was an expedition to Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands in 1946 under the auspices of the Department of the Navy. Schultz was in charge of the biological investigation of the reef fishes in the area. His investigations centered on the relative abundance of fauna before and after the atom bomb tests. Specimens were collected for the purpose of comparison and to make possible a study of anatomical variations among the various island fish populations.
See Neg. #s for Operation Crossroads 1946: 91-6345, SIA2010-0896, SIA2010-0897, SIA2010-0898, SIA2010-0899, SIA2010-0900, SIA2010-0901, SIA2010-0902, SIA2010-0903, SIA2010-0904, SIA2010-0905, SIA2010-0906, SIA2010-0907, SIA2010-0908, SIA2010-0922, SIA2010-0923, SIA2010-0973, SIA2010-0974
Summary:
In this first page of his log on Operation Crossroads to the Marshall Islands, Leonard P. Schultz details the beginnings of the operation. He notes that the trip "came up very suddenly," and that as such it was a "mad scramble to get a collecting outfit together and ready" in time. He discusses some of the preparations and supplies required, including the acquisition of large amounts of cubeĢ root and formalin. Having departed for the project on February 13, he explains that "all transportation and subsistence are to be taken care of by the United States Navy."
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Box 23, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Atomic Bomb Tests
Collectors and collecting
Curators
Explorations and Expeditions
Field Notes
Fishes
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Oceanography
Operation Crossroads, Marshall Islands, 1946/1947
Scientists
Scientific expeditions
Shipment of goods
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Standard number:
SIA2010-0895
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Entry made April 22, 1946

view Dr. Leonard P. Schultz's Log of Operation Crossroads Entry made April 22, 1946 digital asset number 1
Author:
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-
Subject:
United States National Museum
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 5w x 7.25h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Paper
Document
Place:
Marshall Islands
Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands)
Date:
April 22, 1946
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Dr. Leonard Peter Schultz,Ichthyologist and Field Naturalist, served as National Museum of Natural History's assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Divisions of Fishes, a position he held until 1965. The Crossroads Operation was an expedition to Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands in 1946 under the auspices of the Department of the Navy. Schultz was in charge of the biological investigation of the reef fishes in the area. His investigations centered on the relative abundance of fauna before and after the atom bomb tests. Specimens were collected for the purpose of comparison and to make possible a study of anatomical variations among the various island fish populations.
See Neg. #s for Operation Crossroads 1946: 91-6345, SIA2010-0896, SIA2010-0897, SIA2010-0898, SIA2010-0899, SIA2010-0900, SIA2010-0901, SIA2010-0902, SIA2010-0903, SIA2010-0904, SIA2010-0905, SIA2010-0906, SIA2010-0907, SIA2010-0908, SIA2010-0922, SIA2010-0923, SIA2010-0973, SIA2010-0974
Summary:
Schultz records that he "worked like a beaver" in order to get his fish specimens from Bikini packed to be shipped to the United States on the U.S.S. Sumner so that they would "get to Washington by June 1 when [he] may be able to get back and work on them." After detailing some of the specifics of this shipment, he turns to more personal matters, taking note of the letters that he received and posted.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Box 23, Folder: 1
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Atomic Bomb Tests
Collectors and collecting
Curators
Explorations and Expeditions
Field Notes
Fishes
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Oceanography
Operation Crossroads, Marshall Islands, 1946/1947
Specimens
Shipment of goods
Scientists
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Scientific expeditions
Standard number:
SIA2010-0896
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

List of the fishes taken on the Presidential cruise of 1938, by Waldo L. Schmitt and Leonard P. Schultz

view List of the fishes taken on the Presidential cruise of 1938, by Waldo L. Schmitt and Leonard P. Schultz digital asset: https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/23689/SMC_98_Schmitt_1940_25_1-10.pdf
Author:
Schmitt, Waldo L.
Schultz, Leonard P.
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1940
Citation:
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 98(25): 1-10.
Topic:
Natural History
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz

view Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix Islands, 1939
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Place:
Enderbury Island, reef, Kiribati, Pacific
Collection Date:
15 May 1939
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
27 Oct 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Blenniidae Salariinae
Published Name:
Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz
Accession Number:
151472
USNM Number:
178999
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Platysilurus malarmo Schultz

view Platysilurus malarmo Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Photograph
Radiograph
Prep Count:
003
2
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1944. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 94 (3172): 234, fig. 3g, pl. 3c.
Place:
Venez: Lago Maracaibo Near Mouth of Rio Concha, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
2 May 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
18 Aug 2014
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Siluriformes Pimelodidae
Published Name:
Platysilurus malarmo Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121179
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Creagrutops maracaiboensis Schultz

view Creagrutops maracaiboensis Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 327, 45, 46.
Place:
Venez: Rio Negro Below Mouth of Rio Yasa, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
2 Mar 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
22.1 mm sl
Record Last Modified:
29 Sep 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae
Published Name:
Creagrutops maracaiboensis Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121531
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz

view Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 330, 47, 48.
Place:
Venez: Rio Tachira 7 km. South of San Antonio, Catatumba System, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
49.7 mm sl
Record Last Modified:
29 Sep 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae
Published Name:
Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121482
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz

view Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Type Status:
Paratype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1882. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 5 (297): 330, 47, 48.
Place:
Venezuela: Rio Tachira, 7 km. North of San Antonio, Catatumba System, Maracaibo Basin., Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1942
Specimen Count:
10
Notes:
30.2-64.6 mm sl; collected with holotype
Record Last Modified:
29 Sep 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae
Published Name:
Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121491
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Synodus binotatus Schultz

view Synodus binotatus Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Operation Crossroads Project, 1946-1947
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Depth (m):
0 - 1
Type Status:
Paratype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1953. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. No. 202: 35-38.
Place:
Marshall Islands: Rongelap Atoll, Arbar Island, ocean reef at western end., Marshall Islands, Pacific
Collection Date:
16 Jun 1946
Specimen Count:
2
Notes:
X-ray 49; in same jar with 140804, 140805
Record Last Modified:
18 Mar 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Aulopiformes Synodontidae
Published Name:
Synodus binotatus Schultz
Accession Number:
172586
USNM Number:
140806
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Tridensimilis venezuelae Schultz

view Tridensimilis venezuelae Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Illustration
Radiograph
Prep Count:
1
2
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1944. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 94 (3172): 267, pl. 6c.
Place:
Venez: Rio Negro Below Mouth of Rio Yasa, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
2 Mar 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
19.5 mm
Record Last Modified:
18 Aug 2014
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Tridentinae
Published Name:
Tridensimilis venezuelae Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121290
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Characidium voladorita Schultz

view Characidium voladorita Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Illustration
Photograph
Prep Count:
1
1
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1944. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 94 (3181): 280, fig. 32.
Place:
Venez: Rio Motatan 4 km. Above Motatan, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
25 Mar 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
39.2 mm sl
Record Last Modified:
18 Aug 2014
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidiinae
Published Name:
Characidium voladorita Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121407
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Astyanax venezuelae Schultz

view Astyanax venezuelae Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Illustration
Prep Count:
1
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1944. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 94 (3181): 359, fig. 54.
Place:
Venez: Rio Torbes 1 km. Above Tariba, Orinoco System, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
31 Mar 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
86.5 mm sl
Record Last Modified:
18 Aug 2014
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae Tetragonopterinae
Published Name:
Astyanax venezuelae Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121449
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Echidna leucotaenia Schultz

view Echidna leucotaenia Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix Islands, 1939
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Preparation:
Illustration
Radiograph
Prep Count:
1
1
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1943. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. No. 180: 22, pl. 3.
Place:
Enderbury Island, reef, Kiribati, Pacific
Collection Date:
15 May 1939
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
229 mm, vertebrae 7/52/127
Record Last Modified:
14 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraeninae
Published Name:
Echidna leucotaenia Schultz
Accession Number:
151472
USNM Number:
115949
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Sternarchogiton cuchillejo Schultz

view Sternarchogiton cuchillejo Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Radiograph
Illustration
Prep Count:
2
1
Remarks:
Scanned by Anna Maria Mardones/Lisa F. Palmer Apr 2000. Jpg image.
Type Status:
Holotype
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1949. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 99 (3235): 72, pl. 3b.
Place:
Rio Motatan 8 km. Below Motatan, Venezuela, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
24 Mar 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Record Last Modified:
20 Jun 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae
Published Name:
Sternarchogiton cuchillejo Schultz
Accession Number:
161595
USNM Number:
121600
See more items in:
Fishes
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz

view Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Operation Crossroads Project, 1946-1947
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Depth (m):
9
Preparation:
Acetate
Prep Count:
1
Place:
Marshall Islands: Eniwetok Atoll, Mui Island in surf of ocean reef., Marshall Islands, Pacific
Collection Date:
28 May 1946
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Radiograph is of a paratype.
Record Last Modified:
23 Feb 2016
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Blenniidae Salariinae
Published Name:
Entomacrodus cymatobiotus Schultz
Other Numbers:
Catalog Number : USNM 142182
USNM Number:
RAD102985
See more items in:
Fishes
Fish Images
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Leptenchelys pinnaceps Schultz

view Leptenchelys pinnaceps Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Operation Crossroads Project, 1946-1947
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Depth (m):
0 - 1
Preparation:
Polyester
Prep Count:
2
Place:
Marshall Islands: Bikini Atoll, Romurikku (Romuk) Island: coral heads on ocean side., Marshall Islands, Pacific
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1946
Specimen Count:
2
Notes:
Radiograph is of a holotype.
Record Last Modified:
14 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthinae
Published Name:
Leptenchelys pinnaceps Schultz
Other Numbers:
Catalog Number : USNM 141691
USNM Number:
RAD107783
See more items in:
Fishes
Fish Images
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
Additional Online Media:

Echidna leucotaenia Schultz

view Echidna leucotaenia Schultz digital asset number 1
Expedition:
Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix Islands, 1939
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific
Preparation:
Polyester
Prep Count:
1
Place:
Enderbury Island, reef, Kiribati, Pacific
Collection Date:
15 May 1939
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Radiograph is of a holotype.
Record Last Modified:
14 Dec 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraeninae
Published Name:
Echidna leucotaenia Schultz
Other Numbers:
Catalog Number : USNM 115949
USNM Number:
RAD107843
See more items in:
Fishes
Fish Images
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz

view Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz digital asset number 1
Collector:
Leonard P. Schultz
Preparation:
Polyester
Prep Count:
1
Place:
Venez: Rio Tachira 7 km. South of San Antonio, Catatumba System, Venezuela, South America
Collection Date:
1 Apr 1942
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
Radiograph is of a holotype.
Record Last Modified:
29 Sep 2015
Taxonomy:
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae
Published Name:
Creagrutus hildebrandi Schultz
Other Numbers:
Catalog Number : USNM 121482
USNM Number:
RAD101080
See more items in:
Fishes
Fish Images
Vertebrate Zoology
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division

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