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Dizzy Gillespie [ca. 1984-1990 : black-and-white photoprint]

Donor:
Bress, Chuck
Bress, Pat
Subject:
Gillespie, Dizzy 1917-1993
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, unmounted
1 item, 8-7/8" 13-1/4" image on 11" x 14" paper
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
2008
ca 1984-1990
1950-2000
1980-1990
Topic:
Trumpet
Jazz musicians
Local number:
AC1219-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment
Summary:
Gillespie playing trumpet.
Cite as:
Dizzy Gillespie, ca. 1984-1990, by Pat and Chuck Bress. Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs, ca. 1984-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artists
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Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs, ca. 1984-1990
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Jazz

Artist:
Joseph Holston, born Washington, DC 1944
Medium:
screenprint
Dimensions:
image: 27 7/8 x 20 in. (70.8 x 50.8 cm) sheet: 35 3/4 x 25 1/8 in. (90.8 x 63.8 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1990
Topic:
Figure male
Ethnic\African-American
Performing arts\music\jazz
Object\musical instrument\saxophone
Object\written matter\newspaper
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist
Object number:
2014.9.7
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1990, Joseph Holston
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Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Fats Waller

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Fats Waller, 1904 - 1943
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
20cm x 17.1cm (7 7/8" x 6 3/4"), Image
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1941
Topic:
None
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.37
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Max Roach

Artist:
Philippe Lévy-Stab, born 1967
Sitter:
Max Roach, 10 Jan 1924 - 16 Aug 2007
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 20 x 20.2 cm (7 7/8 x 7 15/16")
Sheet: 30.3 x 23.5 cm (11 15/16 x 9 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
France\Île-de-France\Ville de Paris, Départment de\Paris
Date:
1995
Topic:
Max Roach: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Max Roach: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Max Roach: Education\Educator\Professor
Max Roach: Education\Educator\Teacher\Music
Max Roach: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Max Roach: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Drummer
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Philippe Levy-Stab
Object number:
NPG.2004.131
Rights:
© 2005 Philippe Levy-Stab
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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National Portrait Gallery
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Dizzy Gillespie

Artist:
Stephen Longstreet, 18 Apr 1907 - 20 Feb 2002
Sitter:
Dizzy Gillespie, 21 Oct 1917 - 6 Jan 1993
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 26.8 × 20.5 cm (10 9/16 × 8 1/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1978
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Stephen Longstreet
Object number:
NPG.87.279
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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National Portrait Gallery
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Cab Calloway

Artist:
Walt Disney Studios, founded 1922
Animator:
Robert Stokes
Sitter:
Cab Calloway, 25 Dec 1907 - 18 Nov 1994
Medium:
Pencil and colored pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 17.7cm x 14.6cm (6 15/16" x 5 3/4")
Sheet: 25.5cm x 30.5cm (10 1/16" x 12")
Type:
Drawing
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\Los Angeles\Hollywood
Date:
c. 1938
Topic:
Cab Calloway: Literature\Writer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Miriam and Stuart Reisbord
Object number:
NPG.93.307
Rights:
© Disney Enterprises, Inc.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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National Portrait Gallery
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Ornette Coleman

Artist:
Frederick J. Brown, 1945 - 2012
Sitter:
Ornette Coleman, 9 Mar 1930 - 11 Jun 2015
Medium:
Oil and charcoal on linen
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 121.9 x 101.6cm (48 x 40")
Frame: 124.5 x 105.4 x 7cm (49 x 41 1/2 x 2 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1992
Topic:
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Saxophonist
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Ornette Coleman: Pulitzer Prize
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Joel and Sherry Mallin and Sebastienne and Bentley Brown
Object number:
NPG.2006.112
Rights:
© 1992, Frederick J. Brown
Exhibition Label:
Born Fort Worth, Texas
For both his musical virtuosity on alto saxophone and his compositions, Ornette Coleman is one of the major forces in American music in the late twentieth century. Like painter Jackson Pollock and writer Walt Whitman, who rejected traditional forms as too constrictive for human expression, Coleman broke with existing jazz diction, creating a raw sound that seemed to deliberately avoid the musical scale in favor of "playing in the cracks." In 1959, Coleman's quartet produced The Shape of Jazz to Come, a musical manifesto that was the aural equivalent of Pollock's abstract expressionism. Coleman disavowed the idea that "free jazz," as his music was called, was pure improvisation, maintaining that careful planning went into each composition. In the 1970s Coleman moved into jazz funk, using electrified instruments. He is still a prolific musician, and his album Sound Grammar won the Pulitzer Prize for music in 2007.
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National Portrait Gallery
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Miles Davis

Artist:
Tom Palumbo, 1921 - Oct 2008
Sitter:
Miles Dewey Davis, 25 May 1926 - 28 Sep 1991
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 49.9 x 50 cm (19 5/8 x 19 11/16")
Sheet: 55.8 x 55.9 cm (21 15/16 x 22")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1955 (printed 2009)
Topic:
Miles Dewey Davis: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Miles Dewey Davis: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Miles Dewey Davis: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Patricia Bosworth
Object number:
NPG.2010.25
Rights:
Copyright © 2005 Tom Palumbo
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Charles Mingus

Artist:
Antonio Rudolfo Frasconi, 28 Apr 1919 - 8 Jan 2013
Copy after:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Charles Mingus, 22 Apr 1922 - 5 Jan 1979
Medium:
Woodcut on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 64.4 x 85.1cm (25 3/8 x 33 1/2")
Sheet: 64.5 x 99.7cm (25 3/8 x 39 1/4")
Type:
Print
Date:
1973
Topic:
Charles Mingus: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Charles Mingus: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Charles Mingus: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.82.119
Rights:
© Antonio Frasconi, courtesy VAGA, New York
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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National Portrait Gallery
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Duke Ellington

Artist:
Antonio Rudolfo Frasconi, 28 Apr 1919 - 8 Jan 2013
Copy after:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Woodcut on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 101.2 x 61.5cm (39 13/16 x 24 3/16")
Sheet: 114 x 76.5cm (44 7/8 x 30 1/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
1976
Topic:
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.82.117
Rights:
Visual Artists and Galleries Association, Inc. ©Antonio Frasconi
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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National Portrait Gallery
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Sarah Vaughan

Artist:
Josef Breitenbach, 1896 - 1984
Sitter:
Sarah Vaughan, 27 Mar 1924 - 3 Apr 1990
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.2 x 26.7 cm (13 7/16 x 10 1/2")
Sheet: 25.4 x 27.8 cm (10 x 10 15/16")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Frame: 71.9 x 56.7 x 3.2 cm (28 5/16 x 22 5/16 x 1 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1950
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Indeterminable
Sarah Vaughan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Sarah Vaughan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Sarah Vaughan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.99.160
Rights:
© The Josef and Yaye Breitenbach Charitable Foundation
Exhibition Label:
Known popularly as "the divine Sarah" and "Sassy," Sarah Vaughan was regarded as one of the premier female vocalists of her day. She was drawn to music from an early age, and as a youth she studied piano and sang in her church choir. When Vaughan was eighteen, she entered an amateur contest at Harlem's Apollo Theater on a dare and won first prize. This success led to frequent invitations to perform alongside the leading figures in contemporary jazz, including Earl "Fatha" Hines, Dizzy Gillespie, and Billy Eckstein. Adept at bebop improvisation, Vaughan possessed a wonderfully versatile voice that complemented a larger jazz ensemble. By 1950-the year in which Josef Breitenbach created this portrait-she was selling upwards of three million records annually. During this period, a poll in Down Beat magazine named her the top female singer for six consecutive years.
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Fatha Hines

Artist:
Ronny Jaques, born 1910
Sitter:
Earl Kenneth Hines, 1905 - 1983
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 27 x 27.1 cm (10 5/8 x 10 11/16")
Sheet: 35.2 x 27.8 cm (13 7/8 x 10 15/16")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Frame: 71.9 x 56.7 x 3.2 cm (28 5/16 x 22 5/16 x 1 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1942
Topic:
Interior
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Earl Kenneth Hines: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Earl Kenneth Hines: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2002.102
Rights:
© Ronny Jacques
Exhibition Label:
Earl Hines was given the nickname "Fatha" by a Chicago disc jockey in part because of his genial, fatherly personality, but also in tribute to Hines as the progenitor of modern jazz piano. Playing hornlike lines with one hand and chords with the other, Hines elevated the role of the piano as a solo instrument and, in the process, became the most influential jazz pianist of his generation. A church organist as a child, he resettled in 1924 in Chicago, where his playing partners included trumpeter Louis Armstrong. Shortly thereafter, he formed his own big band, which performed regularly at the Grand Terrace Ballroom and toured throughout North America and later Europe and Russia. During the 1940s, when bebop was transforming jazz with its fast tempos and improvisation, Hines's band continued to grow, nurturing new talent that included trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie and saxophonist Charlie Parker.
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Keith Jarrett

Artist:
Abe Frajndlich, born 1946
Sitter:
Keith Jarrett, born 1945
Medium:
Chromogenic print
Dimensions:
Image: 48.3 x 33.4 cm (19 x 13 1/8")
Sheet: 50.8 x 40.6 cm (20 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Monroe\Delaware Water Gap
Date:
1987 (printed 2000)
Topic:
Interior
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Keith Jarrett: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Keith Jarrett: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Paulette and Kurt Olden in memory of Lily E. Kay
Object number:
NPG.2000.82
Rights:
© Abe Frajndlich 1987/2000
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National Portrait Gallery
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Ella Fitzgerald

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996
Medium:
Photogravure
Dimensions:
22.4cm x 14.9cm (8 13/16" x 5 7/8"), Image
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1940 (printed 1983)
Topic:
Interior
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.188.15
Rights:
Photograph © Carl Van Vechten Trust Gravure and compilation ©Eakins Press Foundation
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Betty Carter

Artist:
Anthony Barboza, born 1944
Sitter:
Betty Carter, 16 May 1930 - 29 Sep 1998
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.3 x 34.3 cm (13 1/2 x 13 1/2")
Sheet: 50.4 x 40.6 cm (19 13/16 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1976
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace
Betty Carter: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.125
Rights:
© Anthony Barboza
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National Portrait Gallery
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Billie Holiday

Artist:
Bob Willoughby, 30 Jun 1927 - 18 Dec 2009
Sitter:
Billie Holiday, 7 Apr 1915 - 17 Jul 1959
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 25.2 x 35.3 cm. (19 15/16 x 13 15/16")
Sheet: 40.2 x 30.2 cm. (11 7/8 x 15 13/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\Los Angeles
Date:
1951 (printed 1991)
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Interior
Billie Holiday: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Bob Willoughby
Object number:
NPG.97.96
Rights:
© Bob Willoughby
Exhibition Label:
Duke Ellington called Billie Holiday "the essence of cool," a reference to her equipoise in performance. The most influential jazz vocalist of all time, Holiday had a controlled emotional power that transformed even trite ballads into romantic short stories. Born Eleonora Harris and partially raised in a New York City brothel, she crafted a cool vocal style by tempering Bessie Smith’s shouting power with Louis Armstrong’s rhythmic nuance, then honed her craft on the road with the Count Basie Orchestra. Lester Young named her "Lady Day," and in their chamber jazz classics, such as "All of Me," voice and saxophone curl around each other into smoky swirls of late-night yearning. Late in life Holiday, a drug addict and survivor of abusive relationships, sang in a cracked, broken voice that remained true to the jazz practice of self-expression.
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Gerry Mulligan

Artist:
Bob Willoughby, 30 Jun 1927 - 18 Dec 2009
Sitter:
Gerald "Gerry" Mulligan, 6 Apr 1927 - 19 Jan 1996
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 32.1 x 25.4 cm. (12 5/8 x 10")
Sheet: 40.3 x 30.3 cm. (15 7/8 x 11 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\Los Angeles
Date:
1953 (printed 1990)
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone
Interior\Studio\Recording
Gerald "Gerry" Mulligan: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Bob Willoughby
Object number:
NPG.97.94
Rights:
© Bob Willoughby
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National Portrait Gallery
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Billie Holiday

Artist:
Sid Grossman, 1913 - 1955
Sitter:
Billie Holiday, 7 Apr 1915 - 17 Jul 1959
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 33.5 x 27.2 cm (13 3/16 x 10 11/16")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Frame: 71.9 x 56.7 x 3.2 cm (28 5/16 x 22 5/16 x 1 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1948
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Billie Holiday: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.87.44
Rights:
© Miriam Grossman Cohen, courtesy Howard Greenberg Gallery
Exhibition Label:
Renowned for making songs her own, Billie Holiday once explained, "I hate straight singing. I have to change a tune to my own way of doing it. That's all I know." This attitude characterized not only her singing style but her life as well. Having endured a difficult childhood, Holiday moved to New York City in 1927. Although intent on fashioning a musical career, she began performing to supplement her meager income as a housemaid. Success onstage led to recording opportunities and, beginning in 1937, a close working relationship with Count Basie's band. Holiday later joined the Artie Shaw Orchestra, becoming one of the first African American singers to headline an all-white band. Despite the stardom she achieved, Holiday suffered various personal crises during the last two decades of her life, several of which were the result of drug and alcohol abuse.
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Billie Holiday

Artist:
Roy DeCarava, 9 Dec 1919 - 27 Oct 2009
Sitter:
Billie Holiday, 7 Apr 1915 - 17 Jul 1959
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 33.1 x 25.4cm (13 1/16 x 10")
Sheet: 35.3 x 27.6cm (13 7/8 x 10 7/8")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Frame: 71.8 x 56.5 x 3.8cm (28 1/4 x 22 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1957 (printed 1982)
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Billie Holiday: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.93.345
Rights:
© Roy DeCarava
Exhibition Label:
Renowned for making songs her own, Billie Holiday once explained, "I hate straight singing. I have to change a tune to my own way of doing it. That's all I know." This attitude characterized not only her singing style but her life as well. Having endured a difficult childhood, Holiday moved to New York City in 1927. Intent on fashioning a musical career, she began performing to supplement her meager income as a housemaid. Success onstage led to recording opportunities and, beginning in 1937, a close working relationship with Count Basie's band. Holiday later joined the Artie Shaw Orchestra, becoming one of the first African American singers to headline an all-white band. Despite the stardom she achieved, Holiday suffered various personal crises during the last two decades of her life, several of which were the result of drug and alcohol abuse.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
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Cab Calloway

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964
Sitter:
Cab Calloway, 25 Dec 1907 - 18 Nov 1994
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.7cm x 13.7cm (3 7/16" x 5 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1933
Topic:
Interior
Artwork\Poster
Postcard
Cab Calloway: Literature\Writer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.95.201
Rights:
© Carl Van Vechten Trust
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