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Lieut Richard Henry Pratt, Founder of Carlisle Indian School, with Longstretch Sisters (Non-Native Women) and Chief Spotted Tail, at Bandstand 1880

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 007 in x 009 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1880
Local number:
NAA INV 06820000
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06820000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Carlisle Students in School Uniform 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 007 in x 009 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule (identification uncertain)
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06841500
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06841500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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J. E. Feather, Carlisle Student in School Uniform OCT 1888

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 005 in x 007 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1888
OCT 1888
Local number:
NAA INV 06916500
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06916500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
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National Anthropological Archives
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Portrait of David, Nathan, Pollack, Marshall, and Hugh (Spotted Tail's Grandson); All Students in School Uniform 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 007 in x 009 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06814900
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06814900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Portrait of Jessie Paelel, Charlie Wolf,? John, Dollie Sould, Rebecca and Lillie Wolf, Students, in School Uniform 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 007 in x 009 in
Culture:
Nez Percé Indians
Indians of North America Plateau
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06859600
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06859600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Portrait of Harriet Mary Elder 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 005 in x 007 in
Culture:
Nez Percé Indians
Indians of North America Plateau
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06817700
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06817700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Portrait of Group of Girls 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 007 in x 009 in
Culture:
Dakota Indians
Kiowa Indians
Nez Percé Indians
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Plateau
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06810900
Summary:
Alice Lone Bear, Rebecca, Kissetta Lopan, Mabel, and Harriet, All in School Uniform
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06810900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
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National Anthropological Archives
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Portrait of Chief Spotted Tail in Partial Native Dress and With Cane 1880

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 006 in x 008 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1880
Local number:
NAA INV 06809100
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06809100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Chief Spotted Tail and Chief Iron Wing, Both in Native Dress and with Hair Pipe Ornaments, Pipe, and Fur Bag 1880

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 005 in x 007 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1880
Local number:
NAA INV 06825300
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06825300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Chief Spotted Tail in Native Dress with Fur Wrapped Braids and Hair-Pipe Breast-Plate 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 004 in x 005 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06826000
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06826000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Chief Spotted Tail in Partial Costume And with Fur-Wrapped Braid and Hair Pipe Breastplate 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 004 in x 005 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06837100
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06837100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Photo of Portrait of Chief Spotted Tail and Chief Iron Wing, Both in Native Dress and with Hairpipe Ornaments, Fur-Wrapped Braids, Pipe, and Fur Bag 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 004 in x 005 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06837300
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06837300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Rosa White Thunder Wearing Elk-Tooth Dress and Dentalium Shell Earrings n.d

Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 008 in x 010 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 06903600
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06903600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Photo of Portrait of Rose White Thunder, Wearing Elk-Tooth Dress and Dentalium Shell Earrings n.d

Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 006 in x 008 in
Culture:
Dakota Brule
Indians of North America Great Plains
Brulé Indians
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 06907900
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06907900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Girl's Clothing Set: Dress

Donor Name:
Capt. Richard H. Pratt
Culture:
Sioux
: Brule Lakota
Sioux
: Teton (Lakota)
Object Type:
Dress
Place:
Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, North America
Accession Date:
2 May 1885
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015995
USNM Number:
E76240-1
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
From card: "Made of blue flannel. Consists of skirt [word "skirt" is struck through], belt, 2 ear-rings & brass [word "brass" is struck through] shell necklace. Blue stroud dress. completly decorated on yoke with multiple rows of elk teeth. Illus.: [Handbook of] N. Amer. Ind., Vol. 4, Fig. 2 right, p. 399. From Acc. Papers: "Dear Sir, A few months since you desired me to get a few Indian dresses for you No pupils having native suits have arrived since, but I find a girls suit in the hnads of Rosa White Thunder who came two years ago. It is extra fine. She is the daughte of White Thunder who was chief of the Waz aza Sioux and killed by young Spotted Tail a year ago. The suit consists of a dress of blue strouding ornamented with about 400 elk teeth, a wampum shell necklace and long ear pendants of the same [sic, appear to be dentalium shells, or at least those in the earrings are, rather than wampum], and a broad belt covered with brass knob tacks. They value these things highly. She thought she ought to have $50 but consents to take $40. I can send it down if you desire. Respectfully, R. H. Pratt Capt & Supt See photos 76352-3 (T - Archives) Acc 16331".
Ledger book and accession record indicate this was a set consisting of "skirt" (a.k.a. elk tooth dress made of "blue flannel" or stroud cloth), belt, long earrings, and shell necklace, but as of 2009, only the dress and belt are still found in the collection. The earrings and necklace have not been located in the collections.
The National Anthropological Archives has photos of Rosa White Thunder where she appears to be wearing the clothing in this donation. See for example NAA INV 06907900 in Photo Lot 81-12 and BAE GN SI 8384.
Record Last Modified:
16 Jun 2015
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Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Girl's Clothing Set: Belt

Donor Name:
Capt. Richard H. Pratt
Culture:
Sioux
: Brule Lakota
Sioux
: Teton (Lakota)
Object Type:
Belt
Place:
Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, North America
Accession Date:
2 May 1885
Topic:
Ethnology
Accession Number:
015995
USNM Number:
E76240-0
Specimen Count:
1
Notes:
From card: "Made of blue flannel. Consists of skirt [word "skirt" is struck through], belt, 2 ear-rings & brass [word "brass" is struck through] shell necklace. Blue stroud dress. completly decorated on yoke with multiple rows of elk teeth. Illus.: [Handbook of] N. Amer. Ind., Vol. 4, Fig. 2 right, p. 399. From Acc. Papers: "Dear Sir, A few months since you desired me to get a few Indian dresses for you No pupils having native suits have arrived since, but I find a girls suit in the hnads of Rosa White Thunder who came two years ago. It is extra fine. She is the daughte of White Thunder who was chief of the Waz aza Sioux and killed by young Spotted Tail a year ago. The suit consists of a dress of blue strouding ornamented with about 400 elk teeth, a wampum shell necklace and long ear pendants of the same [sic, appear to be dentalium shells, or at least those in the earrings are, rather than wampum], and a broad belt covered with brass knob tacks. They value these things highly. She thought she ought to have $50 but consents to take $40. I can send it down if you desire. Respectfully, R. H. Pratt Capt & Supt See photos 76352-3 (T - Archives) Acc 16331".
Ledger book and accession record indicate this was a set consisting of "skirt" (a.k.a. elk tooth dress made of "blue flannel" or stroud cloth), belt, long earrings, and shell necklace, but as of 2009, only the dress and belt are still found in the collection. The earrings and necklace have not been located in the collections.
The National Anthropological Archives has photos of Rosa White Thunder where she appears to be wearing the clothing in this donation. See for example NAA INV 06907900 in Photo Lot 81-12 and BAE GN SI 8384.
Record Last Modified:
16 Jun 2015
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
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Dakota agency personnel (including Indian Police), students, and views of Agency buildings, from various Dakota agencies and Carlisle Indian School

Photographer:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Anderson, J. A
Creator:
Northwestern Photographic Company
Subject:
Jackson, Sheldon
Shields, John
Townsend, Harvey
White Horse
Little Bull
Calls Horse Looking
Iron Eagle Feather
Berht, Stella
White Thunder, Rosa
Horse Looking, Irene
Good Nation, Laura
Hand, Emma
White Bear, Rosa
Two Dogs, Isabella
Galiego, Louisa
Black Bear, Carrie
Wilson, Susan
Four Horn, Charlotte
Side ? Bear, Esther
White Birch, Katie
Low, Adelia
Standing Bear, Victoria
Bordeaux ?, Martha
Dion ?, Mose
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924
High Hawk ?
Cleveland, William J Reverend
Wright, John V Judge
Gallagher, H. D Col
Anderson, W. W
Wells, Mark
McChesney, C. E Dr
McLaughlin, James Major
Spence, L. F Agent
Flood, Thomas
Physical description:
44 mounted prints
Culture:
Indians of North America Great Plains
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Topic:
Photographs
Dakota Indians
Federal-Indian relations--Agencies
Education--Carlisle Indian School
Local number:
NAA MS 4574
Notes:
Pohrt states, "I believe they were taken about 1890. Some are identified and many are not, but I have reason to believe that the majority were taken on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations in South Dakota. They are of school children, Indian Police, Agency buildings, etc." See correspondence in Smithsonian Institution-Bureau of American Ethnology files.
Summary:
Photographs of Carlisle by J. N. Choate, three Rosebud Agency photographs by J. A. Anderson, the rest unidentified as to photographer. The photographs probably date between 1880 and 1895.
Catalog Number 4574: Letter of 3/21/58 from Richard A. Pohrt (donor): "...eleven photographs from the Indian School at Carlisle. Pa. These I am certain were all taken by J. N. Choates [Choate], a photographer who had a studio at 21 West Main St., Carlisle, Pa." (1) Carlisle Indian School "The dining hall, Indian Training School" (Original Number 45) Photographer: J. H. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (2) Carlisle Indian School "Sheldon Jackson, John Shields and Harvey Townsend, Pueblos." (Original Number 70) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (3) Carlisle Indian School "Pine Ridge Boys" (Original Number 155) (caption written by hand) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (4) Carlisle Indian School "After School; Indian Training School, Carlisle, Pa." (written by hand). (Original Number 163) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (5) Carlisle Indian School Group of students, presumably of Carlisle School. Labeled on back (by hand) as follows: "No. 1 White Horse Little Bull "No. 2 Calls Horse Looking "No. 3 Brule Iron Eagle Feather "No 4 Stella Berht "No. 5 Rosa White Thunder "No 6 Irene Horse Looking "No 7 Laura Good Nation Compliments of Capt. Pratt, E." J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?) (6) Carlisle Indian School Group of girls, presumably students at Carlisle School. Labled by hand as follows; left to right, row 1 (kneeling) Emma Hand, Rosa White Bear (dead), Isabella Two Dogs, Louisa Galiego (Pine Ridge). Row 2, (sitting) Carrie Black Bear, Susan Wilson (S sister [?]), Charlotte Four Horn, Esther Side [?] Bear. Row 3 (standing) Katie White Birch, Adelia Low, Victoria Standing Bear, Martha Bordeaux [?], Mose Dion [?]. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (7) Carlisle Indian School Group of boys, presumably students at Carlisle School. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (8) "Girl's Quarters, Carlisle Barracks" [Choate Broadside, No 78?] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (9) "School Rooms, Carlisle Barracks." [Choate broadside, No. 80 ?].
Catalog Number 4574: (10) Carlisle Indian School "Cap't Pratt's House and Chapel." [Choate broadside, No. 82 ?] Captain Pratt near steps. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (11) Carlisle Indian School (?) "Band of Indian Boys at the Government School, Washington, D. C." ("Popular Series"). Stereoscopic view. Probably copy of Choate No. 76, erroneously labeled. [See Choate broadside, B.A.E. Catalog Number 4241.] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa (?) (See R. A. Pohrt correspondence, 9/24/59). (12) Tribe: Dakota (Oglalla ?) "High Hawk." Resembles closely the man identified as High Hawk in Signal Corps Photograph at National Archives (No. 101549). Only slight resemblance to S. I. Negative 42,827. He must have been considerably older when the latter was taken if they are the same person. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (13) Dakota:Agency Personnel, various agencies Seated left to right: Reverend William J. Cleveland (Episcopal missionary and sometime agent at Rosebud-- See Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, page 20 for biography), Captain Richard Henry Pratt (Chairman), and Judge John V. Wright of Tennessee, -- the three composed the 2nd commission to the Sioux, 1888. (For account of the commission see Eastman, "Pratt, the Redman's Moses," University of Oklahoma Press, 1935). (Identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b"). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888. Standing. left to right: , (appears third from left in S. I. Negative 43,563-- identified more clearly in original prints of same group National Archives-- N. A. Numbers 86-1, 86-2, 87), Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent Pine Ridge (same ident. source), Major W. W. Anderson, agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule; for a Mark Wells see Negative 3307-c, Dr C. E. McChesney, agent at Cheyenne River Agency (Number 14, in row 5.), Major James McLaughlin, Agent Standing Rock Reservation, Col. L. F. Spence, Agent Rosebud Agency (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888.
Catalog Number 4574: (14) Dakota: Agency Personnel Seated: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud, (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563) Standing: unidentified, but compare with 4574: (28), below. (15) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency Labeled in pencil, "Agent's Dwelling, Pine Ridge Agency, D. T." (Verified by numerous views of the Agency in the National Archives). Two Indian Policemen on porch. Water tower behind house. (16) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency ? Distant view of Agency, almost certainly Pine Ridge (compare with original prints catalog Number 4464. "Pine Ridge Agency from the North in 1891"). Print marked in pencil, "Fort Niobrara, Nebraska Territory"-- erroneous ? Northwestern Photographic Co, Chadron, Nebraska (17) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No. 4 St Francis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, S. D., West Side." Church and school, one wing in process of being built. Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor, "J. A. Anderson." (18) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 7. Birds-eye view of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor,"J. A. Anderson." (19) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 8. Fathers and Brothers of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." J. A. Anderson, Rosebud Agency, S. D. (20) Dakota: Rosebud Agency View of Rosebud Agency, and garden, from the South (if 17 above correct). Must have been taken prior to the Anderson photograph, since the new wing is not in evidence. (Identified from 17 and 18.) (21) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Nuns with large group of students in school uniforms, (St Francis Mission, Rosebud Agency ?) Little white girl in front row looks like one in 4574: (32) below, and possibly same as in 4574: (31).
Catalog Number 4574 (22) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "View at Rosebud Agency. May 8th 1892." This series of "row" houses corresponds, perhaps, to ones in J. A. Anderson's Among the Sioux, "A typical Indian Agency" (BAE temporary 77). Note "Police Station " sign. 1892. (23) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Agent's house, Rosebud Agency (identified from Negative Number 43,791-B). Standing in front, left to right: , , Col. L. F. Spence, Agent (identified from S, I, Negative 43,563 and National Archives' prints of same group), , , . (24) Boy on horse in front of agent's dwelling, Rosebud Agency. (House, and thus agency, identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B and others). (25) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Group of Indian Police, civilian men, women, and children around flag pole in front of agent's house (identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B), Rosebud Agency. Reverend William J. Cleveland (with whiskers and derby) in back row, 2nd to right of flagpole. (Indentified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b.") (26) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Distant view of agent's dwelling and unidentified home and/or school to the left of it. Copy in negative catalog made from another original print. See Negative Number 43,791-C.
Catalog Number 4574: (27) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Unidentified home and/or school to left of agent's dwelling (see 4574:(26) above, then 43,791-B), large group of men in front of building. Possibly Reverend William J. Cleveland, (note whiskers) on porch, 3rd from right. (28) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Agency personnel (?), including Indian police. 4th from left, front row: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). 5th from left, front row: same as man on right in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from left, 2nd row: same as man on left in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from right, 2nd row: Thomas Flood, Interpreter (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). Indentification as Rosebud Agency rests primarily upon the presence of Spence. See Negative Number 45,793-B. (29) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Large building, with chapel, set in open area. Built 1885 (date on front gable). In front are 5 women (one on horse) 3 children, three men; Rev. William J. Cleveland at extreme left (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b). May be Saint Mary's Mission Boarding School for Sioux Boys and Girls, 12 miles from Rosebud Agency, on Antelope Creek, Dakota Territory, for the following reasons: 1. The building is a self-contained unit--including a chapel--and there are no other buildings in view. 2. The building is dated 1885. Pilling, in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, 1887 states that Cleveland had at that time been principal of Saint Mary's for 2 years, which fits neatly with the 1885 date. (30) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Side view of same building as in 4574: (29). Several women and children in foreground. Reverend William J. Cleveland holding horses (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b), and one other man. See 4574:(29) above.
Catalog Number 4574: The following photographs (4574: (31-39)), along with a group of similar photographs in the National Archives, seem to establish a consistent pattern in the location and structure of agency school facilities. In general, the schools were small frame buildings, apparently widely scattered over the agencies, each with a small frame house for the teaching couple and family. (31) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground, group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their little girl ?), and Indian police. (32) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their child) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (33) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) and Indian Police in front of frame school (?) house. White man on right appears to be identical with the first man on left in S. I. Negative 43,563, Sioux delegation to Washington, 1888. (34) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (35) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground a group of students with teacher(s). (36) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) with group of students and teacher in the foreground. The teacher is the same as in 4574:(36), as are many of the pupils. (37) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teachers (and their child) with group of students in front of frame school building. (See 4574: (38) for identity as school.) (38) Dakota: Agency unidentified School building (and teachers' dwelling ?) with man, woman, and child (same ones as in 4574: (37) above) in front, and two Indian men at side. 2 duplicate prints.
Catalog Number 4574: (39) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teacher's dwelling-schoolhouse complex with one or two scattered cabins in the foreground. Follows what appears to be the typical pattern of small, widely scattered schools. (40) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame building. Function ? Odd door on back and man standing in doorway suggest this might be an exterior view of 4574: (41). (41) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Pine Ridge (?) or Rosebud (?) Slaughter house (?), interior view, with three men, one an Indian. One man looks like Col. H. D. Gallagher, Pine Ridge Agent. But the print was among a group of views mainly from Rosebud Agency. (42) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Large group of uniformed Indian Police on horseback in front of frame buildings. Agency might be: 1. Standing Rock ? Man front row, left looks like Red Tomahawk. 2. Pine Ridge ? But the men aren't posed in same area of agency where other PR Police pictures were taken. Also the men in this picture have more uniform uniforms than are shown in PR pictures. (See Original Prints, "temporary" Number 29, and Catalog Number 4544: (59, 60).) 3. Rosebud ? (43) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Indian Police, same uniform, same agency, same building, as 4574: (42). Also additional evidence for identifying Agency as Standing Rock: compare officers to those in BAE Negative Number 3711-e. See Negative Number 45,793. (44) Dakota Badlands scenery. "In general it seems to resemble the badlands of southwestern South Dakota not far distant from Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations."--Information from John C. Ewers, 4/5/60.
Cite as:
Manuscript 4574, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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Carlisle Indian School football team - including Albert Bender before 1907

Creator:
ANONYMOUS
Physical description:
1 8x10 in photograph
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Pennsylvania
Date:
1907
before 1907
Topic:
Carlisle Indian School
Local number:
OPPS NEG 56212
Notes:
Date: Before 1907 - probably 1900-1901.
Man arrow is pointing at is Albert C. "Chief" Bender who became much better known in baseball. For many years a superb pitcher with Connie Mack's old Philadelphia Athletics. Bender has long been enshrined in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Therefore, squad photo would have been made well before 1907 - likely 1900-01. -- Information in letter from Dick Dooley, January 5, 1974 (pjr)
Cite as:
Negative 56212, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
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Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
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John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School, circa 1879-1902

Creator:
Choate, J. N (John N.) 1848-1902
Subject:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)
Dickinson College
Physical description:
circa 1200 glass negatives
16 copper printing plates
Culture:
Indians of North America
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
1879
circa 1879-1902
Local number:
NAA Photo Lot 81-12
Notes:
John N. Choate (1848-1902) was a commercial photographer in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The United States opened its first non-reservation government-supported school there in 1879 under the supervision of Lt. Richard Henry Pratt. From the opening of the Carlisle Indian School, Choate began photographing almost every student upon arrival and during their school career, as well as school activities, staff, and visiting chiefs and families. Choate remained the primary photographer for the Carlisle Indian School until his death in 1902.
Summary:
Photographs by John N. Choate documenting the United States Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The images include studio portraits of students, parents, and other visitors, as well as interior and exterior images of the school, buildings, and classrooms. Some photographs were probably made by other photographers and possibly collected by Choate. These include images of Dickinson College, the [Mount Holly?] Brick Works, downtown Carlisle, Carlisle residences and farms, national guard troops, a military expedition, and some portraits. Some of the photographs were made by other photographers and perhaps collected by Choate. A few copper plates prepared for publications are also included in the collection.
Cite as:
Photo lot 81-12, John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Dorm Room, Carlisle Indian School Grounds 1879

Creator:
Choate, John N of Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Physical description:
1 gelatin glass negative 008 in x 010 in
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1879
Local number:
NAA INV 06870000
Cite as:
Photo Lot 81-12 06870000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John N. Choate photographs of Carlisle Indian School circa 1879-1902
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

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