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Samuel P. Langley and the Aerodrome A

view Samuel P. Langley and the Aerodrome A digital asset number 1
Creator:
National Air and Space Museum
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-10-07T15:10:12.000Z
Video Title:
Samuel P. Langley and the Aerodrome A
Description:
Dr. Peter Jakab, early flight curator and Associate Director for Collections and Curatorial Affairs at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, discusses Samuel P. Langley and his development of the ill-fated Aerodrome A. During his tenure as Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Langley conducted aeronautical experiments, building a series of gasoline- and steam-powered large model Aerodromes in the 1890s and early twentieth century, the most successful in 1896. This led him to create and test a full-sized, human-carrying airplane, the Aerodrome A, in 1903. Unfortunately, the aircraft design was flawed and test flights met with disastrous results. The Wright brothers became the first to develop and fly a successful powered airplane. Learn more about the Aerodrome A: http://airandspace.si.edu/collections/artifact.cfm?id=A19180001000
Views:
11,105
Video Duration:
2 min 42 sec
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences
Youtube Category:
Education
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

45c Samuel P. Langley single

Scott Catalogue USA C118
view 45c Samuel P. Langley single digital asset number 1
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / engraving
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
May 14, 1988
Description:
mint
Topic:
Planes & Pilots
Technology & Inventions
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1989.0496.10239
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Samuel P. Langley Collection, 1891-1914 (bulk 1891-1900)

view Samuel P. Langley Collection, 1891-1914 (bulk 1891-1900) digital asset number 1
Creator:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
Manly, Charles Matthews 1876-1927
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth) 1852-1903
Physical description:
0.90 cubic feet (2 legal document boxes) (1 flatbox)
Type:
Correspondence
Collection descriptions
Records
Manuscripts
Photographs
Drawings
Publications
Date:
1891
1891-1914
bulk 1891-1900
1903-1916
Pre-1903
Notes:
Samuel Langley (1834-1906) was an aviation pioneer and early Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. As a youth, Langley studied civil engineering and pursued this as a career until 1864, when his interest in astronomy led him to positions at the Harvard Observatory, the Naval Academy, the Western University of Pennsylvania and the Allegheny Observatory. In 1887 he became Secretary of the Smithsonian, and spent the following years in construction and tests of aircraft. On May 6, 1896, he launched his Aerodrome No. 5, which weighed 26 pounds with a span of 12.5 feet and flew nearly 3/4 of a mile powered with a 1hp steam engine. This flight surpassed by more than ten times the best efforts of any predecessor. In 1903, at the request of the Board of Ordnance and Fortification of the United States he built another aerodrome; however, the launching attempts failed. In addition to his scientific experiments, Dr. Langley's writings include "Experiments in Aerodynamics" and "The Internal Work of the Wind," and the "Langley Memoirs on Mechanical Flight," published posthumously.
Summary:
This collection includes information about Langley and his colleagues, as well as evidence of Langley's work. The collection includes biographies of Langley and assistant Charles Manly, newspaper clippings, correspondence (Langley's, J.E. Watkins', and miscellaneous), manuscripts regarding Langley's planes, photographs and drawings, work requisitions for the aerodrome, a sketchbook, specifications and measurements for Langley's experiments, the "Langley Memoirs on Mechanical Flight" and the Langley "Waste Books."
Topic:
Langley Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96)
Aeronautics
Langley Aerodrome Family
Periodicals
Local number:
XXXX-0494
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Samuel P. Langley Papers, 1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942

view Samuel P. Langley Papers, 1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
Subject:
Rinehart, Bentley L
Maltby, L. C
Reed, R. L
Balzer, Stephen M
Huffaker, Edward C
Manly, Charles Matthews 1876-1927
Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary
Allegheny Observatory
Physical description:
19.15 cu. ft. (22 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (11 12x17 boxes) (4 16x20 boxes) (8 microfilm reels) (oversize materials)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Date:
1866
1866-1942
1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942
Notes:
Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906) was the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Apparently many of Langley's papers were accidentally burned after his death. Langley papers in the Smithsonian are housed in the Smithsonian Archives and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM). The Allegheny Observatory holds papers from Langley's years there, from which copies of Langley's correspondence, 1867-1887, have been made for this collection.
Summary:
These papers document important aspects of Langley's scientific and administrative career. Most of the material documents the progress of his aeronautical research from his first flying model of 1891 through the failure of his Aerodrome A of 1903. Also, information files housed in the National Air and Space Museum Library include secondary accounts and photographs relating to Langley's aeronautical studies. Related materials in the NASM Library include the Stephen M. Balzer papers, 1898-1902, which consist of correspondence with Langley and his associate, Charles M. Manly, regarding Balzer's aerodrome engines.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Astronomy and astrophysics
Local number:
SIA RU007003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Medal, Samuel P. Langley Medal, Orville and Wilbur Wright, 1909

view Medal, Samuel P. Langley Medal, Orville and Wilbur Wright, 1909 digital asset number 1
Manufacturer:
Medallic Art Company
Materials:
Overall - Bronze
Dimensions:
3-D: 1.3 x 7.5cm (1/2 x 2 15/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
Samuel P. Langley Medal presented to Orville and Wilbur Wright, Obverse: relief of woman seated on the Earth holding a torch in her left hand and a scroll in the right hand; Reverse: embossed letter text.
Summary:
The Langley Medal was established by the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution in 1908. It is presented at irregular intervals for "specially meritorious investigations" in the field of aerospace science. The medal was named in honor of Samuel Pierpont Langley, the Third Secretary of the institution and early aeronautical experimenter.
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Smithsonian Institution Castle
Inventory Number:
A19290008000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Langley Propeller, fixed-pitch, two-blade, wood and fabric

view Langley Propeller, fixed-pitch, two-blade, wood and fabric digital asset number 1
Designer:
Samuel P. Langley
Materials:
Wood and Fabric
Dimensions:
Rotor/Propeller: 251.5 x 83.8 x 6 x 14cm (99 x 33 x 2 3/8 x 5 1/2 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Propellers & Impellers
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1897
Physical Description:
Type: Two-Blade, Fixed-Pitch, Wood and Fabric
Diameter: 251.5 cm (99 in.)
Chord: 83.8 cm (33 in.)
Engine Application: Gasoline, 4.5 kw (6 hp)
Summary:
This pusher propeller was built by Professor Samuel P. Langley in 1897, and used in unsuccessful experiments mounted on a special rail hand car to determine the effectiveness of the device. Charles Manley, Langley's colleague, described this experiment in 1911 memoirs. A gasoline engine "said to have furnished over six horse-power on Prony-brake tests, evidently did not furnish anything like this amount of pwoer at this time." Furthermore, the railroad car was very heavy, offering too "strong a tractive resistance," and "the propeller was evidently far too large to permit the engine to run at the speed at which it would develop a reasonable amount of power."
Langley's famous Aerodrome experiments were not successful in developing a piloted aircraft before his death in 1906; however, a later experiment conducted by Glenn Curtiss and sponsored by the Smithsonian, extensively modified the Aerodrome and made a few short flights in it in 1914.
Credit Line:
Found in the collection
Inventory Number:
A19320020000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Early Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Additional Online Media:

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1896
Summary:
Langley Aerodrome No 5 houseboat on the Potomac river, c.1896.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00165695
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1895
Summary:
Three-quarter right front view of Langley Aerodrome No 5 hanging suspended from room beams of Langley's workshop at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., circa 1895-1896. [Cropped version of SI A-12600.]
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NASM-00165506
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome A, Pre-Launch Operations, Erection. [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome A, Pre-Launch Operations, Erection. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution
Type:
Photographs
Date:
10/7/1903
Summary:
Head-on view of the partially-assembled Langley Aerodrome A in place in its cradle on the launching catapult atop Langley's houseboat on the Potomac River; note that only one set of wings has been attached; unidentified workmen stand to either side. Probably on or prior to October 7, 1903.
Topic:
Aircraft
Airplanes
Aeronautics
Local number:
NASM-00165563
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
5/6/1896
Summary:
Langley Aerodrome - end of first flight Quantico, May 6, 1896.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-SI-76-17314
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Cataloged Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 6 (1895-1896), Post-Crash. [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 6 (1895-1896), Post-Crash. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution
Type:
Photographs
Date:
8/8/1903
Summary:
Close-up view of Langley Aerodrome No. 6 after it crashed into the Potomac River on 8 August 1903.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Aircraft accidents
Local number:
NASM-00165509
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
5/6/1896
Summary:
One-half right rear view of Langley Aerodrome No. 5 in flight shortly after launch from houseboat at Quantico on the Potomac River, May 6, 1896. [See related image, of which this may be a cropped version, at SI 79-10567.]
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-A-12582
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Date:
Circa 1895
Summary:
Detailed view of the frame and engine of a Langley Aerodrome No. 5 sitting on a temporary support.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00165557
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1895
Summary:
Side view of the frame and engine of a Langley Aerodrome No. 5 sitting on a temporary support.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00165560
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
A. Graham Bell, esq
Type:
Photographs
Date:
5/6/1896
Summary:
"Langley's Aerodrome No. 5, in Flight May 6, 1896. From instantaneous photograph by A. Graham Bell, esq."
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00165726
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Date:
5/20/1895
Summary:
Aerodrome Number 5. Photographed May 20, 1895.
Topic:
Airplanes
Aeronautics
Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NASM-A-12502
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96). [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Smithsonian Institution
Type:
Photographs
Date:
5/11/1896
Summary:
Aerodrome No. 5, Plan [View], Photographed May 11, 1896, Flying Weight 11775 gms.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-A-18905
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96); Museums, SI, Smithsonian Institution, Facilities, South Shed. [photograph]

view Langley (Samuel P.) Aerodrome No 5 (1895-96); Museums, SI, Smithsonian Institution, Facilities, South Shed. [photograph] digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Unknown
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1895
Summary:
Full left side view of a Dr. Samuel Pierpont Langley Aerodrome No. 5 during tests, prior to the most successful flight made on May 6th 1896, differing from the final form of rudder, lack of cowl, engine and propeller.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Smithsonian Institution
Local number:
NASM-00165535
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Samuel P. Langley, 1834-1906 [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data:
Smithsonian Libraries

Langley Memorial Tablet

view Langley Memorial Tablet digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Object
Date:
1908
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
At the meeting of the Board of Regents on December 15, 1908, the following resolution was adopted: "Resolved, that the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution be requested to report to the Board of Regents as soon as practicable upon the erection in the Smithsonian building of a tablet to the memory of Secretary Langley, setting forth his services in connection with the subject of aerial navigation. Designs for his tablet are now being prepared by a well-known architect of this city, whose advice I have requested . . ." The document was signed by Regents Henry Cabot Lodge, A. O. Bacon, Alexander Graham Bell, and Secretary Charles D. Walcott, fourth Secretary of the Smithsonian (1907-1927). Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906) was the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1887-1906).
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 15 Folder 12
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Samuel P. Langley Memorial Tablet
Secretaries
Sculpture
Secretariats
Standard number:
82-3199
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

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