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Duke Ellington

Artist:
Peter Hurd, 22 Feb 1904 - Jul 1984
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Tempera on board
Type:
Painting
Date:
1956
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Home Furnishings\Curtain
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC353
Rights:
© Peter Hurd
Exhibition Label:
In the first rank of American composers, Duke Ellington was-to use a favorite phrase of his own-"beyond category." He produced what has been called the "single most impressive body of composition in American jazz": more than two thousand compositions that ranged from such popular classics as "Satin Doll" and "Sophisticated Lady" to extended works such as Black, Brown and Beige, which premiered at Carnegie Hall in 1943. Ellington continually expanded his work as a composer and bandleader, composing for Broadway (Beggar's Opera) and Hollywood (including the film score for Anatomy of a Murder), undertaking extensive international tours, and working with younger jazz musicians such as John Coltrane, Charles Mingus, and Max Roach. He received the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for his long-term achievement and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Bravo!
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 321 Mezzanine
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Duke Ellington

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1967
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone
Music\Sheet music
Music\Musical instrument\Drum
Interior\Studio\Recording
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of George R. Rinhart
Object number:
S/NPG.77.199
Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Duke Ellington

God is Love
Artist:
Tony Bennett, born 3 Aug 1926
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Watercolor and graphite on paper
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1993
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Rose
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Tony Bennett
Object number:
S/NPG.2008.99
Rights:
Deed of Gift transfers copyright to NPG
Exhibition Label:
In the first rank of American composers, Duke Ellington was "beyond category": his more than 2,000 jazz compositions include "Satin Doll" and "Sophisticated Lady," as well as Black, Brown and Beige and the later "Sacred Concerts." Legendary performer Tony Bennett (born Anthony Benedetto), who has had a lifelong interest in painting, here portrays the man he celebrated as his mentor. "When I worked on his portrait, I was inspired by the look of divine serenity on his face," Bennett noted, and he inscribed the painting, "God Is Love." Whenever Ellington completed a new piece, he sent Bennett roses to mark the occasion, and their presence here reflects the close bond the two artists shared.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Duke Ellington

Artist:
William Paul Gottlieb, 28 Jan 1917 - 23 Apr 2006
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1946 (printed 1991)
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Printed Material\Document
Artwork\Photograph
Container\Bottle
Home Furnishings\Mirror
Interior\Dressing room
Music\Sheet music
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.92.58
Rights:
© William P. Gottlieb, from the Library of Congress Collection
Exhibition Label:
Duke Ellington was a jazz pianist and America’s greatest composer. He maintained his cool through an elegant aristocratic front that refused to recognize the country’s entrenched racism. Born and raised in the nation’s capital, Ellington established a national audience with a residency at Harlem’s Cotton Club. He wrote dance songs, three-minute concertos, spiritual works, thematic compositions about black life and culture, classics of the American songbook, and extended suites featuring Asian and Latin American motifs. His main instrument was his orchestra: he wrote for musicians as individuals. When he left space on the music score to improvise ("ad lib here"), he validated jazz as a democratic musical form. In 1965 he was denied a Pulitzer Prize by a judge who refused to give it to a black man. "Fate doesn’t want me to be famous too young," was his diplomatic reply. He is still worshipped by musicians the world over.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Cool
On View:
NPG, North Gallery 223
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Painting of Duke Ellington

Depicted:
Ellington, Duke
Maker:
Ellington, Gaye
Physical Description:
canvas (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paint (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 41 in x 40 in x 5 in; 104.14 cm x 101.6 cm x 12.7 cm
Object Name:
painting
Date made:
1985
Subject:
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Jazz
African American
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Art
ID Number:
1989.0369.444
Accession number:
1989.0369
Catalog number:
1989.0369.444
Description (Brief):
Acrylic on canvas painting of Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, done by his granddaughter, Gaye Ellington in 1985. Ms. Ellington painted this posthumous portrait in order to create a memorial that preserved her sense of the creative and loving legacy her grandfather had left her.
In a past interview, Gaye Ellington explained the reasons that led her to create this portrait, even though portraiture is not her usual subject matter: “Ever since my grandfather had died, a lot of people had done art work representing him. They were what other people saw in my grandfather. When I looked at them, they weren’t what I thought about him, and it disturbed me. … A lot of the photographs of him where very serious. I’m not saying he was always happy. But he would turn around in a minute and smile.”
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988

Collector:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)
Subject:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy (musician) 1919-1996
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas) 1915-1967
Duke Ellington Orchestra
Washingtonians, The
Physical description:
Approx. 400 cubic feet
Type:
Scrapbooks
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Photographic prints
Posters
Awards
Clippings
Papers
Music
Phonograph records
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
New York (N.Y.)
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1927
1988
1928-1988
20th century
Topic:
Music--Performance
Jazz
Big bands
African American entertainers
Musicians
African American musicians
Music
Popular music
African Americans--History
Pianists
Bandsmen
Composers
Local number:
1988.3058 (NMAH Acc.)
Notes:
Born in Washington, D.C., Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington rose to fame at Harlem's Cotton Club in the late 1920s. His career as a musician, composer and bandleader spanned more than 50 years. Among his many compositions are hundreds of short pieces and more ambitious extended works, including operas, ballets, musicals, concert pieces (such as "Black, Brown and Beige") and the "Sacred Concerts." Duke Ellington and his orchestra toured the United States and made frequent successful tours abroad. He was decorated with numerous awards and honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom (presented by Pres. Nixon, 1969). Duke Ellington led his orchestra until his death, when it was taken over by his son, Mercer
Summary:
Orchestrations (scores and parts), music manuscripts, lead sheets, transcriptions, and sheet music make up some of the Duke Ellington Collection. Also includes concert posters, concert programs; television, radio, motion picture and musical theater scripts; business records, correspondence, awards, as well as audiotapes, audiodiscs, photographs, tour itineraries, newspaper clippings, magazines, caricatures, paintings, and scrapbooks, all from the heyday of Duke Ellington (1920's-1975)
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1920's-1975, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection 1928-1988 [Ellington, Duke 1899-1974]
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Bust of Duke Ellington

Depicted:
Ellington, Duke
Maker:
Dwight, Ed
Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 19 in x 29 in x 28 in; 48.26 cm x 73.66 cm x 71.12 cm
Object Name:
sculpture
Place made:
United States: Colorado, Denver
Date made:
1988
Subject:
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Music & Musical Instruments
Jazz
African American
Art
ID Number:
1993.0032.01
Catalog number:
1993.0032.01
Accession number:
1993.0032
Description (Brief):
This bust of American composer and musician Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899 - 1974) was made by Ed Dwight in Denver, Colorado in 1988. Made of cast bronze, the sculpture depicts Ellington in a suit and bowtie, arms in a conducting pose, atop a stylized keyboard.
Ed Dwight began his career as a graduate engineer, was a former United States Air Force test pilot who became the first African American to be trained as an astronaut in 1962. Following a career in real estate, computer systems engineering, and consulting, Dwight pursued art and received a Masters of Fine Arts from the University of Denver in 1977. Dwight’s works include fine art sculpture, large-scale memorials and public art projects.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Visitor Tag(s):

[Duke Ellington portrait : black-and-white photoprint], 1969

Creator:
Bachrach, Fabian 1917-2010
Subject:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
7 items : photoprints, 10" x 8"
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Publicity photographs
Photographs
Date:
1969
20th century
1960-1970
Topic:
Musicians
Composers
African American composers
Local number:
AC0301-0000028.tif (AC Scan No.)
Summary:
7 nearly identical prints from same negative: Ellington wearing jacket and tie, with large cufflinks on shirt, with a sheet of music on the table. Five of the prints are warm-toned without identification; two cold-tone prints, probably intended as publicity photographs, bear Fabian Bachrach's imprint on the front and rubber stamp on the verso
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Photographs, Series 7
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

22c Duke Ellington single

Scott Catalogue USA 2211
Depicts:
Duke Ellington, American, 1899 - 1974
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
April 29, 1986
Topic:
Music & Musicians
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1999.2004.482
Description:
mint
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, 1933-1990

Collector:
Shell, Theodore Dr (dentist)
Subject:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft.: 1 box
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Broadsides
Clippings
Programs
Articles
Correspondence
Radio scripts
Sketches
Drawings
Place:
United States
Date:
1940
1975
1933-1990
1940-1980
20th century
1940-1990
1940-2000
Topic:
Jazz musicians
Jazz
Music
Local number:
1993.3189 (NMAH Acc.)
Notes:
Dentist and amateur photographer, Theodore Shell graduated from Shaw University in 1937 and served 5 years in the military during WWII. He received his dentistry degree from Howard University in 1950 and founded chapter 90 of the Duke Ellington Society in the late 1950s
Summary:
Periodical articles, news clippings, concert programs, radio transcripts, personal correspondence, broadsides, photographs, and pencil sketches collected by Dr. Shell. The material documents part of Duke Ellington's music career, especially ca. 1940-1974
Cite as:
Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, 1933-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Duke Ellington, Dizzie Gillespie, Buck Clayton and Max Kaminsky

Artist:
Gjon Mili, 28 Nov 1904 - 14 Feb 1984
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Dizzy Gillespie, 21 Oct 1917 - 6 Jan 1993
Buck Clayton, 12 Nov 1911 - 8 Dec 1991
Max Kaminsky, 1908 - 6 Sep 1994
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1944
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone
Interior\Studio
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet
Music\Musical instrument\Trombone
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone
Music\Musical instrument\Drum
Music\Musical instrument\Bass
Music\Musical instrument\Clarinet
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair\Folding chair
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Buck Clayton: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Buck Clayton: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Buck Clayton: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Buck Clayton: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Arranger
Max Kaminsky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Max Kaminsky: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.95.98
Exhibition Label:
Born Washington, D.C.
"Music is my mistress, and she plays second fiddle to no one," exclaimed the famed composer, bandleader, and pianist Duke Ellington. During a career that spanned six decades, he rose to international stardom and helped to reshape the contours of American music. Raised in Washington, D.C., Ellington formed his first jazz band at age nineteen. He made a name for himself in the late 1920s at the Cotton Club in Harlem, where he performed a regular gig that was broadcast nationally on the radio. With songs such as "Solitude" and "In a Sentimental Mood," Ellington achieved widespread popularity with diverse audiences. He first performed abroad in 1933, and so successful were his concerts that he later toured the globe under the auspices of the U.S. State Department. In this photograph, Ellington is seated at the piano; playing trumpet beside him are the famed musicians Dizzy Gillespie (left) and Buck Clayton (right).
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music, ca. 1967-68

Creator:
Russo, William 1928-2003
Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Subject:
Columbia College (Chicago) Contemporary American Music Program
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft.: 1 box
Type:
Transcriptions
Collection descriptions
Parts (musical)
Scores
Manuscripts
Date:
1967
1967-1968
ca 1967-68
20th century
Topic:
Choral music
Choruses, Sacred (Mixed voices) with instrumental ensemble
Musicians
Conductors
Church music
Music
Local number:
1991.3019 (NMAH Acc.)
Notes:
Russo stated that Duke Ellington loaned him the music in 1967-1968
William Russo was the Director of the Contemporary American Music Program at Columbia College, Chicago. Active in music from 1947 until his death in 2003, he toured Europe as the leader of a quintet; lived in London, where he conducted the London Jazz Orchestra and worked with the BBC; and lived and taught in New York and Chicago. Russo was noted in the fifties as a composer of experimental music for Stan Kenton's orchestra and Third Stream Music for the Russo orchestra. He has been a trombonist, composer, arranger, and conductor
Summary:
Full conductor score, orchestral parts, and choral parts to "In the Beginning God," "Tell Me It's the Truth," "The Lord's Prayer," "Ain't But the One"
Cite as:
William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music, 1967-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

[Duke Elllington program for Damascus, Syria with reproduction of painting of Duke at the piano: brochure,] 1963

Subject:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Portraits
Paintings
Place:
Syria
Damascus (Syria)
Date:
1963
Topic:
Jazz musicians
African American musicians
Piano
African American men
Local number:
AC0301-0000047.tif (AC Scan No.)
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Hamlet [music manuscript.]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink and pencil on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Date:
1957
20th century
Topic:
Mental illness
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000006.tif (AC Scan No.)
Summary:
At top of score: "April 15th, 1957 / Started 12 Midnite / Income Tax Day Stopped 3:05 a.m."
Note: this record duplicates part of the complete record for this composition
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Mood Indigo [music manuscript.]

Creator:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Pencil and ink on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Date:
1928
1974
20th century
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000005.tif (AC Scan No.)
Summary:
Note: this record duplicates part of the complete record for this composition
In Ellington's hand
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Mood Indigo [music manuscript]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Date:
1928
1974
20th century
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Summary:
Note: this record duplicates part of the complete record for this composition
Fragment, piano score
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Little Joe from Chicago [music manuscript]

Composer?:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Pencil on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
1930
20th century
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000078.tif (AC Scan No.)
Notes:
From 0301.Min 1839? See Bib. #169206
Summary:
1 page. In pencil, with blue Tom Whaley stamp, upper right
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Jump for Joy [music manuscript]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink and pencil on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Place:
United States
Date:
1941
20th century
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000034a.tif (AC Scan No.)
AC0301-0000034b.tif (AC Scan No.: without "Paul ad lib" addition)
AC0301-0000034c.tif (AC Scan No.)
Summary:
One page marked "Paul ad lib." Note: this entry partially duplicates one of the original catolog entries for this piece
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

I Got it Bad and That Ain't Good [music manuscript]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Pencil on paper
1 item: 2 pages
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Date:
1941
20th century
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000037.tif (AC Scan No.: first page)
AC0301-0000037a.tif (AC Scan No.: verso)
Summary:
"Hodges" in upper left corner. Note: this record duplicates part of the complete record for this composition
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Jump for Joy [music manuscript pages]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink and pencil on paper
4 items
Type:
Manuscripts
Date:
1928
1974
20th century
Topic:
Music
Jazz
Local number:
AC0301-0000034.tif (AC Scan No.), also AC0301-0000034a, AC0301-0000034b and AC0301-0000034c
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

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