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Duke Ellington

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 1906 - 1979
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
27.4cm x 34.8cm (10 13/16" x 13 11/16"), Image
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1967
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone
Music\Sheet music
Music\Musical instrument\Drum
Interior\Studio\Recording
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of George R. Rinhart
Object number:
S/NPG.77.199
Rights:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Duke Ellington

Artist:
William Paul Gottlieb, 28 Jan 1917 - 23 Apr 2006
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.1 x 26.7 cm (13 7/16 x 10 1/2")
Sheet: 35.3 x 27.9 cm (13 7/8 x 11")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22")
Frame: 71.9 x 56.7 x 3.2 cm (28 5/16 x 22 5/16 x 1 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1946 (printed 1991)
Exhibition Label:
Duke Ellington was a jazz pianist and America’s greatest composer. He maintained his cool through an elegant aristocratic front that refused to recognize the country’s entrenched racism. Born and raised in the nation’s capital, Ellington established a national audience with a residency at Harlem’s Cotton Club. He wrote dance songs, three-minute concertos, spiritual works, thematic compositions about black life and culture, classics of the American songbook, and extended suites featuring Asian and Latin American motifs. His main instrument was his orchestra: he wrote for musicians as individuals. When he left space on the music score to improvise ("ad lib here"), he validated jazz as a democratic musical form. In 1965 he was denied a Pulitzer Prize by a judge who refused to give it to a black man. "Fate doesn’t want me to be famous too young," was his diplomatic reply. He is still worshipped by musicians the world over.
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Printed Material\Document
Artwork\Photograph
Container\Bottle
Home Furnishings\Mirror
Interior\Dressing room
Music\Sheet music
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.92.58
Rights:
© William P. Gottlieb, from the Library of Congress Collection
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Painting of Duke Ellington

Depicted:
Ellington, Duke
Maker:
Ellington, Gaye
Physical Description:
canvas (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paint (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 41 in x 40 in x 5 in; 104.14 cm x 101.6 cm x 12.7 cm
Object Name:
painting
Date made:
1985
Description (Brief):
Acrylic on canvas painting of Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, done by his granddaughter, Gaye Ellington in 1985. Ms. Ellington painted this posthumous portrait in order to create a memorial that preserved her sense of the creative and loving legacy her grandfather had left her.
In a past interview, Gaye Ellington explained the reasons that led her to create this portrait, even though portraiture is not her usual subject matter: “Ever since my grandfather had died, a lot of people had done art work representing him. They were what other people saw in my grandfather. When I looked at them, they weren’t what I thought about him, and it disturbed me. … A lot of the photographs of him where very serious. I’m not saying he was always happy. But he would turn around in a minute and smile.”
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Jazz
African American
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Art
ID Number:
1989.0369.444
Accession number:
1989.0369
Catalog number:
1989.0369.444
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988

Collector:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)
Photographer:
DeCarava, Roy
Subject:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy (musician) 1919-1996
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas) 1915-1967
Duke Ellington Orchestra
Washingtonians, The
Physical description:
Approx. 400 cubic feet
Type:
Scrapbooks
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Photographic prints
Posters
Awards
Clippings
Papers
Music
Phonograph records
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
New York (N.Y.)
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Date:
1927
1988
1928-1988
20th century
Notes:
Born in Washington, D.C., Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington rose to fame at Harlem's Cotton Club in the late 1920s. His career as a musician, composer and bandleader spanned more than 50 years. Among his many compositions are hundreds of short pieces and more ambitious extended works, including operas, ballets, musicals, concert pieces (such as "Black, Brown and Beige") and the "Sacred Concerts." Duke Ellington and his orchestra toured the United States and made frequent successful tours abroad. He was decorated with numerous awards and honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom (presented by Pres. Nixon, 1969). Duke Ellington led his orchestra until his death, when it was taken over by his son, Mercer.
Summary:
Orchestrations (scores and parts), music manuscripts, lead sheets, transcriptions, and sheet music make up some of the Duke Ellington Collection. Also includes concert posters, concert programs; television, radio, motion picture and musical theater scripts; business records, correspondence, awards, as well as audiotapes, audiodiscs, photographs, tour itineraries, newspaper clippings, magazines, caricatures, paintings, and scrapbooks, all from the heyday of Duke Ellington (1920's-1975).
Series 7, Photographs: Work by famed photographer Roy de Carava, ca. 1960s, can be found in Box 1, folders 33, 34, and 35, and other locations in the series.
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1920's-1975, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Music--Performance
Jazz
Big bands
African American entertainers
Musicians
African American musicians
Music
Popular music
African Americans--History
Pianists
Bandsmen
Composers
Local number:
1988.3058 (NMAH Acc.)
Restrictions:
Most of collection unrestricted and available for on-site research. Portions restricted
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection 1928-1988 [Ellington, Duke 1899-1974]
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Bust of Duke Ellington

Depicted:
Ellington, Duke
Maker:
Dwight, Ed
Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 19 in x 29 in x 28 in; 48.26 cm x 73.66 cm x 71.12 cm
Object Name:
sculpture
Place made:
United States: Colorado, Denver
Date made:
1988
Description (Brief):
This bust of American composer and musician Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899 - 1974) was made by Ed Dwight in Denver, Colorado in 1988. Made of cast bronze, the sculpture depicts Ellington in a suit and bowtie, arms in a conducting pose, atop a stylized keyboard.
Ed Dwight began his career as a graduate engineer, was a former United States Air Force test pilot who became the first African American to be trained as an astronaut in 1962. Following a career in real estate, computer systems engineering, and consulting, Dwight pursued art and received a Masters of Fine Arts from the University of Denver in 1977. Dwight’s works include fine art sculpture, large-scale memorials and public art projects.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Music & Musical Instruments
Jazz
African American
Art
ID Number:
1993.0032.01
Catalog number:
1993.0032.01
Accession number:
1993.0032
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

22c Duke Ellington single

Scott Catalogue USA 2211
Depicts:
Duke Ellington, American, 1899 - 1974
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
April 29, 1986
Description:
mint
Topic:
Music & Musicians
Black Heritage
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1999.2004.482
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, 1924-1990

Collector:
Udkoff, Robert (businessman) 1918-
Subject:
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy (musician) 1919-1996
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Swedish Music Academy
Physical description:
1.33 cu. ft.: 4 document boxes
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Programs
Clippings
Audiotapes
Television scripts
Place:
United States
Date:
1924
1924-1990
20th century
1960-1970
1940-2000
1920-1940
Notes:
Businessman and Ellington enthusiast, Robert Udkoff was born in Chicago and first heard Duke Ellington perform at Chicago's Oriental Theater in 1928. In 1932 he established a cordial relationship with Ellington that lasted until Ellington's death in 1974.
Summary:
Photographs, event programs, periodicals, cassette audio tapes, correspondence, TV program scripts and pamphlets documenting Duke Ellington's career as a musician, 1924-1974, and his legacy after his death.
Cite as:
Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, 1924-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Jazz musicians
Jazz
Music
Periodicals
Local number:
1990.3182 (NMAH Acc.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site, by appointment
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Additional Online Media:

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington, 1956, 1964, 1991

Interviewer:
Harman, Carter
Interviewee:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
3 cu. ft. : 8 boxes
Type:
Interviews
Collection descriptions
Oral history
Audiotapes
Date:
1956
1956-1964
1956, 1964, 1991
20th century
1950-1970
Notes:
Musician, producer, writer.
Summary:
Ten interviews Harman conducted with Duke Ellington, in 1956 and in 1964.
Cite as:
Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington, 1956, 1964, 1991, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Music
Jazz
Musicians
Local number:
1991.3084 (NMAH Acc.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access to user copies only, on site by appointment
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989- 1993

Interviewer:
Greenlee, Marcia (oral historian)
Willard, Patricia
Interviewee:
Cohen, Oscar
Courtney, Shirley
Aasland, Benny
Babs, Alice
Bell, Aaron
Bellson, Louis
Bolling, Claude
Bridgers, Aaron
Burrell, Kenny
Carneiro, Luis
Celley, Al
Cole, Maria
Cook, John
Cooper, Buster
Dance, Helen Oakley
Dance, Stanley
Davis, Kay
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy (musician) 1919-1996
Ellington, Ruth (Ruth Ellington Boatwright) 1915-
Granz, Norman
Hamilton, Jimmy
Jeffries, Herb
Jones, Herbie 1923-2001
Jones, Max
Kerr, Brooks
Lamb, John
Lowe, Arnold "Jim"
McCuen, Brad
Roche, Betty
Sanders, John
Sherrill, Joya
Szterenfeld, Alejandro
Terry, Clark
Udkoff, Robert 1918-
Udkoff, Evelyn
Vono, Caio
Wein, George
Woode, James
Woodman, Britt
Subject:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
15 cu. ft.: 22 boxes
Type:
Oral history
Collection descriptions
Interviews
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
1989-1993
1989- 1993
1989-1991
1980-2000
Summary:
Interviews conducted by oral historian Marcia Greenlee and former Duke Ellington publicist Patricia Willard with former Ellington music and business associates. Topics covered include business dealings, race relations, and the interviewees' opinions of Ellington's compositional contributions.
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Oral History Project, 1989-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Jazz musicians
Local number:
1992.3074 (NMAH Acc.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site, by appointment, unless otherwise indicated
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Mood Indigo [music manuscript]

Composer:
Ellington, Duke 1899-1974
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item
Type:
Manuscripts
Holographs
Date:
1928
1974
20th century
Summary:
Note: this record duplicates part of the complete record for this composition.
Fragment, piano score.
Cite as:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Music
Local number:
AC0301-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection Music Manuscripts (Series 1), ca. 1930-1981
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Wurlitzer Electric Piano

User:
Ellington, Duke
Maker:
Wurlitzer Company
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 18 cm x 98 cm x 48 cm; 7 1/16 in x 38 9/16 in x 18 7/8 in
Object Name:
piano
Place Made:
United States: Illinois, DeKalb
Date made:
1972-1973
Description (Brief):
This electric piano was made by the Wurlitzer Company, in Dekalb, Illinois, around 1972-1973. It is model 200A serial #129394L, and has 2 control knobs: volume and vibrato, plastic lid, vinyl-covered wood case, and 4 detachable chrome-plated tapered legs. The "L" serial number designation indicates that this piano was manufactured in Wurlitzer's Logan, Utah plant. This model, 200A, continued in production into 1980.
Jazz musician and composer, Duke Ellington, used this piano during many of his travels and would use it to compose and play music, sometimes in the middle of the night.
Subject:
Blacks
Jazz
African American
Music & Musical Instruments
Pianos
Credit Line:
Donated by Edward K. and Gaye Ellington in memory of their grandfather "Duke" Ellington
ID Number:
1999.0148.01
Serial number:
129394L
Model number:
200A
Accession number:
1999.0148
Catalog number:
1999.0148.01
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Pianos
Exhibition:
Artifact Walls
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Tough Truckin'; Indigo Echoes

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington's Sextet
Maker:
Columbia
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Date made:
1935
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington's Sextet. side 1: TOUGH TRUCKIN'; side 2: INDIGO ECHOES (Columbia 37297). from the album, "Hot Jazz Classics - Ellington Special" (Columbia C-127)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
ID Number:
1978.0670.514
Maker number:
37297
C-127
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.514
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Saratoga Swing; It's Glory

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Orchestra
Maker:
Bluebird
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
1929
1931
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Orchestra. side 1: SARATOGA SWING; side 2: IT'S GLORY (Bluebird B-10245)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Family & Social Life
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
ID Number:
1978.0670.034
Accession number:
1978.0670
Maker number:
B-10245
Catalog number:
1978.0670.034
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

Duke Ellington

God is Love
Artist:
Tony Bennett, born 3 Aug 1926
Sitter:
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Watercolor and graphite on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 36 x 51 cm (14 3/16 x 20 1/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1 cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1993
Exhibition Label:
In the first rank of American composers, Duke Ellington was "beyond category": his more than 2,000 jazz compositions include "Satin Doll" and "Sophisticated Lady," as well as Black, Brown and Beige and the later "Sacred Concerts." Legendary performer Tony Bennett (born Anthony Benedetto), who has had a lifelong interest in painting, here portrays the man he celebrated as his mentor. "When I worked on his portrait, I was inspired by the look of divine serenity on his face," Bennett noted, and he inscribed the painting, "God Is Love." Whenever Ellington completed a new piece, he sent Bennett roses to mark the occasion, and their presence here reflects the close bond the two artists shared.
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Rose
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Tony Bennett
Object number:
S/NPG.2008.99
Rights:
Deed of Gift transfers copyright to NPG
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

sound recording: Lazy Rhapsody; Blue Ramble

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Columbia
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Date made:
1932
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: LAZY RHAPSODY; side 2: BLUE RAMBLE (Columbia 35834). from the album, "Hot Jazz Classics - Duke Ellington" (Columbia C-38)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
ID Number:
1978.0670.487
Maker number:
35834
C-38
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.487
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Baby, When You Ain't There; Lightnin'

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Columbia
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Date made:
1932
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: BABY, WHEN YOU AIN'T THERE; side 2: LIGHTNIN' (Columbia 35835). from the album, "Hot Jazz Classics - Duke Ellington" (Columbia C-38)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
ID Number:
1978.0670.488
Maker number:
35835
C-38
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.488
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Best Wishes; Bundle Of Blues

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Columbia
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Date made:
1932
1933
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: BEST WISHES; side 2: BUNDLE OF BLUES (Columbia 35836). from the album, "Hot Jazz Classics - Duke Ellington" (Columbia C-38)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
ID Number:
1978.0670.489
Maker number:
35836
C-38
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.489
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Drop Me Off At Harlem; Merry-Go-Round

Recordig artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Columbia
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Date made:
1933
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: DROP ME OFF AT HARLEM; side 2: MERRY-GO-ROUND (Columbia 35837). from the album, "Hot Jazz Classics - Duke Ellington" (Columbia C-38)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Family & Social Life
ID Number:
1978.0670.490
Maker number:
35837
C-38
Accession number:
1978.0670
Catalog number:
1978.0670.490
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: East Saint Louis Toodle-Oo; Mooche, The

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Victor
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
1928
1927
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: EAST SAINT LOUIS TOODLE-OO; side 2: THE MOOCHE (Victor 20-1531). form the album, "A Duke Ellington Panorama" (Victor P138)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Family & Social Life
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
ID Number:
1978.0670.666
Accession number:
1978.0670
Maker number:
20-1531
P138
Catalog number:
1978.0670.666
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

sound recording: Ring Dem Bells; Mood Indigo

Recording artist:
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Maker:
Victor
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
1930
Description (Brief):
Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra. side 1: RING DEM BELLS; side 2: MOOD INDIGO (Victor 20-1532). form the album, "A Duke Ellington Panorama" (Victor P138)
78 rpm
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Music
Sound Recordings
Family & Social Life
Popular Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
ID Number:
1978.0670.667
Accession number:
1978.0670
Maker number:
20-1532
P138
Catalog number:
1978.0670.667
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

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