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Growth of the United States Hall

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Exhibit
Photographic print
Date:
June 1967
Topic:
Ducks
Exhibitions
History of Technology
Agriculture
Animals
Standard number:
SIA2011-1098
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in "Torch," June 1967. See Neg. SIA2008-2220 for another view of the wheel and the ducks
Summary:
Located in the National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History, "Growth of the United States" Hall exhibit shows a thirty-foot tall water wheel from an eighteenth century grist mill and features two ducks, one sitting on eggs soon to hatch
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Growth of the United States Hall, Exhibit on Underwater Drilling

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Petroleum Hall (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Person, candid
Exhibit
Photographic print
Date:
June 1967
Topic:
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Exhibitions
Dioramas
Petroleum industry and trade
Standard number:
SIA2011-1099
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in Torch June 1967
Summary:
"Growth of the United States" Hall, exhibit on underwater drilling, shows a man working at the railing surrounding a diorama in the Petroleum Hall located in the National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Visitors viewing to the Growth of the United States Hall, c.1967

Subject:
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
History and Technology Building
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 8h X10w; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Date:
c.1967
Topic:
Duck pond
Museum visitors
Standard number:
SIA2008-2220 and 61801-7
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Negative number written on back of the photo is 61801-7. See Neg. # SIA2011-1098 for another view of the water wheel and the ducks
Summary:
Visitors viewing a thirty-foot tall water wheel from an eighteenth century grist mill on exhibit in the Growth of the United States Hall after the opening of the new exhibit at the Museum of History and Technology. For a brief time, Moscovy ducks lived next to the Mill in a small compound
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 03-071, Box 2, Folder Growth of U.S. Hall (Publicity, photos)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Cyrus Hall McCormick

Artist:
Charles Loring Elliott, 12 Oct 1812 - 25 Aug 1868
Sitter:
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
mid 19th Century
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Chauncey and Marion Deering McCormick Foundation and Mrs. Gilbert Harrison
Object number:
NPG.75.2
Exhibition Label:
Territorial expansion generated a spirit of technological adventure and a search for new methods to handle the unique conditions of American life. Cyrus McCormick, a farmer in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, succeeded where his father had failed by constructing the first practical reaping machine. This reaper was a first step in the mechanization of American agriculture, allowing the efficient cultivation of large tracts of farmland by small numbers of farmers. This industrialization of the land allowed the United States to boost agricultural production to unprecedented levels and to feed growing cities and industrial towns.
McCormick's design was pirated by competitors, but he overcame his rivals by founding his own factory outside Chicago in 1847. There, he contributed to the pace of industrial growth by using standardized parts and assembly-line production-methods that had been pioneered by Samuel Colt and others.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Construction of the Underwater Exploration Exhibit

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Armed Forces History Hall
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Document
Type:
Exhibit
Document
Group, candid
Date:
June 1967
Topic:
Diving
Underwater exploration
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Exhibitions
Standard number:
SIA2011-1119
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in Torch June 1967
Summary:
Growth of the United States Hall indoor exhibit on underwater exploration with workers installing diving suits in the Armed Forces History section of the Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

The Exploring Expedition and the Smithsonian Institution

Author:
Reingold, Nathan 1927-
Co-Author:
Rothenberg, Marc 1949-
Editor:
Viola, Herman J
Margolis, Carolyn
Subject:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
Peale, Titian Ramsay
Smithsonian Institution Building Early History
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
Smithsonian Institution Establishment of
United States Exploring Expedition (USEE)
United States Army Corps of Engineers
Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)
Physical description:
Number of pages : 12; Page numbers : 242-253
Date:
1985
Topic:
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men
United States Congress, Relations with SI
Secretaries
Publisher:
Washington, DC : Smithsonian Institution Press
Category:
Smithsonian History Bibliography
Notes:
The image is of William Dunlop Brackenridge who was entrusted with the care of the plants collected on the Wilkes Expedition
Summary:
After providing background on the Smithsonian's founding and its first Secretary, Joseph Henry, this article describes Henry's attempts to prevent the federal government from using the Smithsonian as a repository for the voluminous natural history collections of the Wilkes Expedition of 1838-1842 and U.S. Army surveys of the 1850s. Henry was determined that the Smithsonian's primary role should be to undertake original scientific research, not to serve as a museum or repository for materials already collected by other institutions. However in 1853, Henry agreed that the Smithsonian Building, or "Castle," could temporarily serve as a National Museum overseen by the Smithsonian but supported with outside funds from the federal government. Specimens poured in and an exhibit hall was developed
Although Congress continued to fund the Museum's expansion over the next two decades, Henry held firm to his belief that the Museum was temporary and that the Smithsonian would primarily serve as a research institution. His hope that the government would finally take over the Museum was renewed by the decision to construct a new, separate museum building to house the massive government exhibits produced for the 1876 Centennial Exposition. However by the time Congress appropriated funds for the new building, Henry had died. His successor, naturalist and curator Spencer F. Baird, saw the Museum as central to the Smithsonian's mission and fully supported its growth
Contained within:
Magnificent voyagers: the U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 (Book)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Peter C. Welsh, 1964

Subject:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Museum Programs
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 8h X 10w; Type of Image: Person, posed; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
1964
Topic:
Museum curators
Historians
History of Technology
Civil History
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Horses
Standard number:
SIA2007-0167
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
For another image see SIA2007-0168
Summary:
Curator Peter C. Welsh conducting research on an artifact in his office in the newly opened Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. Welsh is seated at a desk looking at an open book. On the desk is a telephone and other books. Welsh was Associate Curator in the Smithsonian's Department of Civil History, 1959-1969. As Curator he played a major role in the development of the "Growth of the United States" hall in MHT. Welsh was Assistant Director General of Museums, 1969-1970, and also served as Director of the Office of Museum Programs, 1970-1971
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 420, Box 10, Folder 21
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

"How Tall Are You Exhibit," Hall of Health, A&I Building

Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Arts and Industries Building
Exhibits Modernization Program United States National Museum
United States National Museum
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1957
Topic:
Children
Event
Medicine
Openings
Public Health Exhibit
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Health
Standard number:
2002-10650
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
The original negative number is 44788-B, but that negative has been lost. There are several similar images of two children with a woman at the exhibit site
Summary:
Several visitors at the Hall of Health at the "How Tall Are You?" exhibit showing the growth rate of children at various ages. This new installation was part of the Exhibits Modernization Program in the Arts and Industries Building and opened to the public on November 3, 1957
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 42 Folder 24
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

Peter C. Welsh

Subject:
Welsh, Peter C
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Museum Programs
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1964
Topic:
Horses
Historians
Museum curators
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Civil History
Standard number:
SIA2007-0168
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
For another image see SIA2007-0167
Summary:
Curator Peter C. Welsh conducting research, possibly for his book entitled "Track and Road: The American Trotting Horse, 1820-1900," published in 1968. Welsh is standing with an open book in front of him. There are two photos of horses propped up leaning against the wall. Welsh was Associate Curator in the Department of Civil History, National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History, 1959-1969. As curator he played a major role in the development of the "Growth of the United States" Hall in the Museum. Welsh was Assistant Director General of Museums, 1969-1970, and also served as Director of the Office of Museum Programs, 1970-1971
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 420, Box 10, Folder 21
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
Visitor Tag(s):

The People of India, Volume Four

Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes) 1827-1892
Kaye, John William Sir 1814-1876
Physical description:
1 volume
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
South Asia
Date:
1868
Topic:
Indigenous Peoples
Ethnography
Local number:
FSA A1990.03
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Cite as:
The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
See more items in:
The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
The People of India, Volume Four
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

North American X-15

Pilot:
Neil Armstrong, August 5, 1930--August 25, 2012
Manufacturer:
North American Aviation Inc.
Materials:
Overall: Titanium
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 6.7 m (22 ft)
Length: 15.5 m (51 ft)
Height: 4 m (13 ft)
Weight, gross: 17,237 kg (38,000 lb)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1959
Credit Line:
Transferred from United States Air Force, Andrews AFB
Inventory Number:
A19690360000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Physical Description:
North American X-15, rocket powered experimental aircraft; black titanium skin with wedge shaped horizontal stablizer; yellow stripe NASA inisignia on tail with stars and red bars United States national insignia on wings; white letter text "U.S. AIR FORCE" on the sides of the fuselage.
Long Description:
The North American X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft bridged the gap between manned flight within the atmosphere and manned flight beyond the atmosphere into space. After completing its initial test flights in 1959, the X-15 became the first winged aircraft to attain velocities of Mach 4, 5, and 6 (four, five, and six times the speed of sound). Because of its high-speed capability, the X-15 had to be designed to withstand aerodynamic temperatures on the order of 1,200 degrees F.; as a result, the aircraft was fabricated using a special high-strength nickel alloy named Inconel X.
Air-launched from a modified Boeing B-52 Stratofortress aircraft, the X-15 required conventional aerodynamic control surfaces to operate within the atmosphere and special "thruster" reaction control rockets located in the nose and wings of the aircraft to enable the pilot to maintain control when flying on the fringes of space. Indeed, the X-15 design was so much like that of a space vehicle that during the formative days of Project Mercury, America’s first attempt to put a man in orbit, North American and National Air and Space Administration (NASA) engineers gave serious consideration to utilizing a growth version of the X-15 for the manned orbiting mission. This plan was dropped in favor of using a blunt-body reentry vehicle. Because of the potential dangers to the pilot should the X-15’s pressurized cockpit lose its atmosphere while the aircraft operated in a near-space environment, X-15 pilots wore specially developed full-pressure protection ‘spacesuits’ while flying the experimental plane.
Three X-15 research aircraft were built and flown, completing a total of 199 research flights. The National Air and Space Museum has the historic X-15 #1, Air Force serial 56-6670. The X15 #2 (56-6671) was rebuilt following a landing accident as the advanced X-15A-2, having increased propellant capacity and, hence, a higher potential performance. The X-15A-2 was the fastest X-15 flown, and it is now on exhibit at the Air Force Museum, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. The X-15 #3 (56-6672) featured an advanced cockpit display panel and a special adaptive control system. The aircraft made many noteworthy flights until it crashed during atmospheric reentry, following pilot disorientation and a control-system failure. The pilot, Capt. Michael Adams, was killed.
The X-15 flew faster and higher than any other airplane. A peak altitude of 354,200 feet (67± miles) was reached by the X-15, and the X-15A-2 attained a speed of Mach 6.72 (4,534 mph) while testing a new ablative thermal protection material and a proposed design for a hypersonic ramjet. Various proposals were set forth for modifying the aircraft to accomplish new and even more radical tasks. At one point, NASA scientists planned to test a hydrogen-fueled supersonic combustion ramjet engine mounted on the X-15s lower vertical fin. A mock-up of this proposed installation was flight-tested on the X-15A-2. Other ideas included modifying the X-15 with a slender delta wing and using the aircraft as a booster for small satellite launch vehicles. None of these ideas, however, came to fruition.
The X-15 spearheaded research in a variety of areas: hypersonic aerodynamics, winged reentry from space. life-support systems for spacecraft, aerodynamic heating and heat transfer research, and earth sciences experiments. A total of 700 technical documents were produced, equivalent to the output of a typical 4,000-man federal research center for more than two years.
Development of the X-15 began in 1954, in a joint research program sponsored by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (forerunner of NASA), the U.S. Air Force. the U.S. Navy, and private industry. North American was selected as prime contractor on the project following a competition in which Douglas. Republic. and Bell also participated. By the time of its first airborne test, flight research was too complex to rely on simple air-to-ground communications near a test field. The Air Force and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics developed a special 485-mile-long test corridor stretching from Wendover Air Force Base. Utah. to Edwards Air Force Base. California. It was planned that the X15 would be air-launched from a Boeing B-52 near Wendover. then fly down this corridor, the High Range. to Edwards. monitored by tracking stations at Ely and Beatty. Nevada. and at Edwards. The range lay along a series of flat dry lakes. where the X-15 could make an emergency landing. if necessary. Nothing this extensive had previously existed in flight research, and it foreshadowed the worldwide tracking network developed by American manned spacecraft ventures. The X-15 would complete its research mission and then. followed by special Lockheed F-104 chase aircraft. would land on the hard clay of Rogers (formerly Muroc) Dry Lake. Because the X-15 featured a cruciform tail surface arrangement. it was necessary for the designers to make the lower half of the ventral fin jettisonable prior to landing so that the conventional two-wheel, nose-landing gear and two tail-mounted landing skids could support the aircraft.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Boeing Milestones of Flight Hall
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Merchandise Mart Hall of Fame: Marshall Field, (sculpture)

Marshall Field, (sculpture)
Sculptor:
Iselin, Lewis 1913-1990
Subject:
Field, Marshall
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: concrete or limestone with marble plaque
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Merchandise Mart 222 North Bank Drive Main entrance plaza Chicago Illinois 60654
Date:
Dedicated June 30, 1953
Topic:
Portrait male--Head
Occupation--Other--Businessman
Control number:
IAS 87580028
Notes:
Bach, Ira J., and Mary Lackritz Gray, "A Guide to Chicago's Public Sculpture," Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983, pg. 101
Riedy, James, "Chicago Sculpture," Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1981
Gray, Mary Lackritz, "Department of Cultural Affairs Loop Sculpture Guide," Chicago: Department of Cultural Affairs, 1990, no. 12
Chicago Daily News, July 1, 1953, pg. 64
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Illinois, Chicago survey, 1992
Summary:
Four times life-size head mounted on a tall pillar. One of eight heads which line the Merchandise Mart Plaza to honor outstanding American retail merchants. Marshall Field was founder and president of Marshall Field & Company in Chicago. Field was an innovator in the concept of the one-price store, the under-price basement store, free delivery, and money back refunds. Field also financed schools and libraries, founded the Field Museum of Natural History, and influenced the growth of the University of Chicago
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Men of Progress

Artist:
Christian Schussele, 16 Apr 1824 - 1879
Sitter:
William Thomas Green Morton, 9 Aug 1819 - 15 Jul 1868
James Bogardus, 14 Mar 1800 - 13 Apr 1874
Samuel Colt, 19 Jul 1814 - 10 Jan 1862
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884
Joseph Saxton, 22 Mar 1799 - 26 Oct 1873
Charles Goodyear, 29 Dec 1800 - 1 Jul 1860
Peter Cooper, 1791 - 1883
Jordan Lawrence Mott, 12 Oct 1799 - 1866
Joseph Henry, 17 Dec 1797 - 13 May 1878
Eliphalet Nott, 25 Jun 1773 - 29 Jan 1866
John Ericsson, 31 Jul 1803 - 8 Mar 1889
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels, 20 Sep 1819 - 8 Mar 1895
Samuel Finley Breese Morse, 27 Apr 1791 - 2 Apr 1872
Henry Burden, 22 Apr 1791 - 19 Jan 1871
Richard March Hoe, 19 Jul 1815 - 13 Sep 1884
Erastus Brigham Bigelow, 2 Apr 1814 - 6 Dec 1879
Isaiah Jennings, 1792 - 1862
Thomas Blanchard, 24 Jun 1788 - 16 Apr 1864
Elias Howe, 9 Jul 1819 - 3 Oct 1867
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia
Date:
1862
Topic:
Interior
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez
Architecture\Column
Artwork\Painting\Portrait
Weapon\Gun\Pistol
Artist's Effects\Architectural drawing
Equipment\Patent model
Isaiah Jennings: Health and Medicine\Dentist
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Dental
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Firearms
Joseph Henry: Education\Educator\Professor
Joseph Henry: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist
Joseph Henry: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Secretary
Elias Howe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Sewing machine
Elias Howe: Crafts and Trades\Machinist
William Thomas Green Morton: Literature\Writer\Medical
William Thomas Green Morton: Science and Technology\Inventor\Medical
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Dentist
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Physician\Anaesthetist
Charles Goodyear: Science and Technology\Inventor
Charles Goodyear: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Rubber
Charles Goodyear: Business and Industry\Merchant\Retailer
James Bogardus: Visual Arts\Artist\Medalist
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Inventor
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural
Joseph Saxton: Science and Technology\Inventor
Joseph Saxton: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Clockmaker
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Industry\Merchant
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Visual Arts\Art Patron
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Businessman\Entrepreneur
Henry Burden: Science and Technology\Inventor
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
Henry Burden: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Metalworker\Ironmaster
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Transportation\Shipbuilder
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Science and Technology\Inventor\Loom
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Education\Founder\Technical institute
Samuel Colt: Science and Technology\Inventor
Samuel Colt: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Firearms
Thomas Blanchard: Science and Technology\Inventor
Richard March Hoe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Press
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Inventor
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil\Bridge builder
Eliphalet Nott: Education\Administrator\College\President
Eliphalet Nott: Science and Technology\Inventor
Eliphalet Nott: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Businessman
Peter Cooper: Education\Founder\School
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Peter Cooper: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Peter Cooper: Science and Technology\Inventor
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Inventor
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Marine
John Ericsson: Business and Industry\Transportation\Shipbuilder
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Communications\Journalist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Art Instructor
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Education\Founder\College
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor\Telegraph
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number:
NPG.65.60
Exhibition Label:
In 1857, the inventor of a coal-burning stove, Jordan Mott, commissioned Christian Schussele to paint a group portrait of eighteen American scientists and inventors who "had altered the course of contemporary civilization." As with Schussele's celebration of American letters, Washington Irving . . . at Sunnyside, the group portrait did not mark an actual occasion but was designed to honor the achievements of American industry. The artist sketched study portraits of each of his subjects before putting them all into his final, formal composition. Men of Progress is a remarkable document of the growth of the American economy by the 1850s as it celebrates the inventions and processes of manufacturing pioneered by men such as Cyrus McCormick, Charles Goodyear, Samuel Colt, Samuel Morse, Elias Howe, and fourteen others.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Archaeological Research in China (manuscript), 1923-1934

Creator:
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942
Subject:
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942
Tung, Kuang-zung
Warner, Langdon 1881-1955
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962
Physical description:
1 box
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
China
Date:
1923-1934
Topic:
Archaeology
Archaeological expeditions
Local number:
FSA A.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Carl Whiting Bishop was an Associate Curator and Associate in Archaeology at the Freer Gallery of Art from 1922 to 1942
Summary:
This unpublished manuscript constituted a field report that chronicled Bishop's Gallery-sponsored expeditions in northern and central China during the period 1923 to 1934. The reader is provided with a record of the day-to-day operations completed, of obstacles and opposition encountered, and the results obtained from their work. Key diplomatic and scientific representatives from the West and China are recorded who aided and contributed to the investigations. Moreover, there are descriptions of the academic, social and political climate in China during a period of civil war and economic strife. Against this background, Bishop also discussed their efforts in view of the history of China, with commentary on the country's geography, topography, climate, flora and fauna, mineral products, and ancient customs and legends.The manuscript consists of an introduction, 19 numbered chapters, 3 appendices and a series of plates and figures related to his text
Cite as:
Bishop Manuscript, The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
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The Carl Whiting Bishop Papers
Archaeological Research in China (manuscript) 1923-1934
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Scrapbook of early aeronautica / collected by William Upcott

Collector:
Upcott, William 1779-1845
Former owner:
Hollond, Robert DSI
Carruthers, John Franklin Bruce 1889-1960 DSI
Physical description:
3 v. ([445] p.) : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 53 cm
Type:
Early works to 1900
Date:
1783
1783-1840
Topic:
Balloon ascensions
Aeronautics
Balloonists
Parachuting
Call number:
TL620.A1 U65
Notes:
Binder's title
Collection of prints, newspaper and journal clippings, mss., separately published tracts, and printed ephemera (in various sizes) connected with the early years of aeronautics, primarily ballooning
Arranged in roughly chronological order, e.g., v. 1 has material mostly from ca. 1783-1802; v. 2 mostly from 1785-1837; and v. 3 mostly from 1837-1840. However, each v. also includes materials from dates outside of these ranges
Page [423] is signed: "William Upcott of Islington, collector of engravings connected with aerostation."
Text mostly in English, with some French language materials
Originally unbound. cf. Cat. of the Library of W. Upcott, London, 1846, p. 65
Includes these published works bound in (each cataloged separately): Lunardi, V. An account of the first aërial voyage in England. London : Printed for the author ..., 1784 -- The Man in the moon. [S.l.? : s.n.?, ca. 1830] -- Sadler, J. Balloon, an authentic account of the ærial voyage of Messrs. Sadler and Clayfield. [Bristol] : Printed for the benefit of Mr. Sadler, by A. Brown, [1810] -- High and low. London : Printed by L. Thompson, 1824 -- A full and correct description of this extraordinary machine ... the Eagle. London : Printed and published by J. Thompson, 1835
A short ([4] p.) anonymous handwritten political allegory with an aeronautical theme, entitled: "The Dolphin carried off: a dream," is mounted on p. 7 of v. 1
Some of the balloonists featured in this scrapbook include the Montgolfiers, Lunardi, Blanchard, Garnerin, Robert, Charles, Barrett, Hullin, Sowden, de Moret, MacGwire, Graham, Sadler, Green, Cocking, and Gypson, among others
NASMRB copy has a leaf of viewers' signatures and their brief comments, dating from the mid-20th century, bound in at the front of v. 1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
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1876 Mary W. Stow's "Centennial" Quilt

Maker:
Stow, Mary W.
Physical Description:
fabric, cotton (overall material)
thread, cotton (overall material)
filling, cotton (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 83 in x 72 in; 210 cm x 184 cm
Object Name:
quilt
Place made:
United States: Wisconsin, Fond du Lac
Associated Place:
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1876
Subject:
Quilting
Textiles
Flags
Government, Politics, and Reform
Quilts
Event:
Declaration of Independence, Signing of
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. William J. Grubb
ID Number:
TE*T15703
Accession number:
297870
Catalog number:
T15703
Description:
“Mary W. Stow,” embroidered in red, is prominent on this patriotic quilt made of fabrics commemorating the 1876 Centennial in Philadelphia. The motifs were cut from bandannas that were printed as souvenirs of the event, and then appliquéd on white cotton. Most of the motifs are edged with a button-hole stitch using red cotton. Printed fabrics with patriotic motifs were popular in America before the 1876 Centennial, but the major exhibition in Philadelphia provided textile companies with an incentive to produce many new fabrics for the event. Several of these can be found on the quilt.
The central motif depicts the Memorial Hall Art Gallery at the Centennial International Exhibition at Fairmont Park, Philadelphia. The Main Exhibition Building, Machinery Hall, Agricultural Hall, and the Horticultural Hall are circular motifs. These all originally appeared on one bandanna. There are flags of many nations, most likely cut from a printed textile. Cut-out portraits on printed fabric of George and Martha Washington, William Penn, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and Ulysses Grant are among the motifs. Democratic candidates for president and vice-president, Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks, and their Republican counterparts, Rutherford Hayes and William A. Wheeler, appear in separate motifs.
Mary W. Stow lived in Wisconsin, and included on her quilt printed pictures of the capitol building at Madison, Wisconsin and Harrison Ludington (1812-1891), governor of Wisconsin from 1876 to 1878.
Motifs also include inked drawings of the Hingham, Massachusetts, First Meeting House, the Bunker Hill Monument, the Liberty Bell, the Charter Oak, Trinity Church, and Independence Hall. Several motifs have the printed or inked date “1876.”
The border makes use of patriotic colors. A 1½-inch inner band of blue striped cotton with white stars is framed by an outer 1¾-inch band of red cotton. Quilting, 9 stitches per inch, outlines the appliquéd motifs. The border is quilted with a feathered vine and 1-inch diamond quilting fills the background.
The patriotic theme is carried to the lining of the quilt. In the center of the back is a bandanna with the printed text of the Declaration of Independence and facsimiles of the signatures of the signers. These are framed by the Liberty Bell and seals of the thirteen colonies, linked by names of the Revolutionary patriots.
Mary Williams Loomis was born on April 8, 1820, in Brownville, Jefferson County, New York. The daughter of General Thomas Loomis, she married Marcellus Kent Stow (1806-1871) on October 5, 1837, in Buffalo, New York. They moved to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in 1852 where Marcellus was a business man, practiced law, and was a county judge.
Marcellus had followed his brother, Alexander, to Wisconsin from New York and together they had platted subdivisions that provided a plan for the city’s growth. Their father, Silas Stow, was a congressman from New York during the War of 1812. Mary and Marcellus reared five children, two girls and three boys.
Mary was also active in the Fond du Lac community. She was a foundering member of the Fond du Lac Relief Society, established in 1873 following the great forest fires of 1872 that destroyed several areas in Wisconsin. The establishment and management of a “Home for the Friendless” or “The Home” was a result of the fund-raising labors of this organization. Operating well into the twentieth century “The Home” provided a refuge for those in need, particularly the elderly, who did not have other resources. Although widowed, Mary still lived in Fond du Lac at the time of the Philadelphia 1876 Centennial. She may have visited the Exhibition and made this quilt as a reminder of the event. Her son, James W. Stow (1853-1913), lived in Washington, D.C., and Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. It was in Washington, D.C., on June 13, 1898, that Mary died.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Quilts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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Thomas Lowry Memorial, (sculpture)

Thomas Lowry Monument, (sculpture)
Sculptor:
Bitter, Karl 1867-1915
Carver:
Wells, Charles S. b. 1872
Contractor:
Woodbury Granite Company
Subject:
Lowry, Thomas
Medium:
Figure of Lowry: bronze; Wall: Bethel white granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Administered by City of Minneapolis Minneapolis Arts Commission 350 South 5th Street, City Hall, Room 200 Minneapolis Minnesota 55415
Located Smith Triangle Park Hennepin & Emerson Avenues & West 24th Street Minneapolis Minnesota
Date:
1915. Dedicated Aug. 18, 1915. Rededicated April 8, 1967
Topic:
Portrait male--Full length
Occupation--Other--Businessman
Occupation--Transportation
Figure male--Nude
Figure female--Nude
Allegory--Other--Progress
Allegory--Civic
Object--Fruit--Grape
Control number:
IAS 76005152
Notes:
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Minnesota, Minneapolis - St. Paul survey, 1993
Index of American Sculpture, University of Delaware, 1985
National Park Service, American Monuments and Outdoor Sculpture Database, MN5002, 1989
Monumental News, Nov., 1915, pg. 635
Summary:
Central figure of Thomas Lowry stands on a low base. He is bearded, and his suit of clothes includes a morning coat and a tall hat held in his proper left hand. Behind him is a wall with inscriptions and two nude allegorical figures, representing municipal growth, seated in openings in wall. In the opening in the left side of the wall is a male figure tying up young vines. In the opening in the right side of the wall is a female figure harvesting grapes
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
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Mary Henry Diary, 1864-1868

Author:
Henry, Mary Anna 1834-1903
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
Smithsonian Institution General History
Smithsonian Institution Building Early History
Physical description:
Number of Images: 190; Color: Color Document; Size: 6.1w x 7.6h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Place:
United States
Date:
1864-1868
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
Diaries
History
Standard number:
SIA2013-01937 through SIA2013-02126
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Summary:
Diary of Mary Henry, daughter of the first Smithsonian Secretary Joseph Henry. This diary spans the years of 1864-1868 and covers life in the Washington, D.C. Mary lived with her family in the Smithsonian Institution Building, or Castle, and witnessed the tumultuous years of the Civil War, its impact on Washington and the reconstruction of the country. Her entries include details of visitors to the Castle, her father's work with the Smithsonian, and events of the Civil War
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7001, Box 51, Folder: 2
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
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Field notes, 1871

Alternate Title:
Notes, 1871, W.H. Dall, USCS
Collection name:
William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 24 Folder 8
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
United States
Dutch Harbor
Alaska
Unalaska
Round Island
Aleutian Islands
Date Range:
1871-1872
Start Date:
18710906
End Date:
18720830
Topic:
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey
Mollusks
Invertebrates
Zoology
Accession #:
SIA RU007073
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
Abstract:
The field book documents William Dall's fieldwork in Alaska in 1871-1872 when working for the United States Coast Survey. It lists specimens collected by survey participants including mammals, birds and shells; detailed descriptions of observed specimens with measurements; geological characteristics; and terrain. Includes sketches of terrain, specimens, and geological cross sections. There are various kinds of lists including birds and mollusks of Unalaska and Arctic fauna (with Latin names). Locations include the vicinity of Ulakhta Harbor [Dutch Harbor], Unalaska, and Round Island.
See more records from this collection:
William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927
See more records associated with this person:
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
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[Alexander Van Valen Diary] [book]

Author:
Van Valen, Alexander
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 14.0" x 9.1"
Type:
Books
Holographs
Diaries
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
California
Date:
1849
1849-1850
Jan. 1849 to August 1850
19th century
Topic:
Gold
Gold mines and mining
Gold discoveries
Local number:
AC0935-0000006-001 to AC0935-0000006-106 (AC Scan Nos.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment
Summary:
Diary, containing approx. 100 pages, describing the voyage south around the tip of South America and north to California, and the city of San Francisco upon his arrival, and containing the documents establishing the gold prospecting company that Van Valen was involved in
Cite as:
Alexander Van Valen Papers, 1849-1850, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Alexander Van Valen Papers 1849-1850
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
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