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Growth of the United States Hall

view Growth of the United States Hall digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Exhibit
Photographic print
Date:
June 1967
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in "Torch," June 1967. See Neg. SIA2008-2220 for another view of the wheel and the ducks.
Summary:
Located in the National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History, "Growth of the United States" Hall exhibit shows a thirty-foot tall water wheel from an eighteenth century grist mill and features two ducks, one sitting on eggs soon to hatch.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Ducks
Exhibitions
History of Technology
Agriculture
Animals
Standard number:
SIA2011-1098
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Growth of the United States Hall, Exhibit on Underwater Drilling

view Growth of the United States Hall, Exhibit on Underwater Drilling digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Petroleum Hall (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Person, candid
Exhibit
Photographic print
Date:
June 1967
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in Torch June 1967
Summary:
"Growth of the United States" Hall, exhibit on underwater drilling, shows a man working at the railing surrounding a diorama in the Petroleum Hall located in the National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Exhibitions
Dioramas
Petroleum industry and trade
Standard number:
SIA2011-1099
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Visitors viewing to the Growth of the United States Hall, c.1967

view Visitors viewing to the Growth of the United States Hall, c.1967 digital asset number 1
Subject:
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
History and Technology Building
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 8h X10w; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Date:
c.1967
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Negative number written on back of the photo is 61801-7. See Neg. # SIA2011-1098 for another view of the water wheel and the ducks.
Summary:
Visitors viewing a thirty-foot tall water wheel from an eighteenth century grist mill on exhibit in the Growth of the United States Hall after the opening of the new exhibit at the Museum of History and Technology. For a brief time, Moscovy ducks lived next to the Mill in a small compound.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 03-071, Box 2, Folder Growth of U.S. Hall (Publicity, photos)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Duck pond
Museum visitors
Standard number:
SIA2008-2220 and 61801-7
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Opening of Growth of the United States (GOUS) Hall

view Opening of Growth of the United States (GOUS) Hall digital asset number 1
Creator:
Unknown
Subject:
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1967
June 5, 1967
Notes:
See also number 61738
Digital contact sheet available.
Summary:
Opening of Growth of the United States (GOUS) Hall at the Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.
Cite as:
SIA Acc. 11-008 - Smithsonian Institution. Office of Public Affairs, Photographic Collection, 1960-1970, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1058]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

[Volume 2 of Charles Francis Hall's Notes on Arctic Explorers Circa 1860.]

view [Volume 2 of Charles Francis Hall's Notes on Arctic Explorers Circa 1860.] digital asset number 1
Author:
Hall, Charles Francis 1821-1871
Physical description:
Ink on paper
1 item, 17.0" x 11"
Type:
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions
Date:
1860
Circa 1860
19th century
Summary:
Second volume of four notebooks on arctic explorers in preparation for Hall's 1st expedition.
Cite as:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, 1858-1871, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Explorers
Discovery and exploration
Local number:
AC0702-0000024
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

Cyrus Hall McCormick

view Cyrus Hall McCormick digital asset number 1
Artist:
Charles Loring Elliott, 12 Oct 1812 - 25 Aug 1868
Sitter:
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 51.4 x 41.3 x 3.8cm (20 1/4 x 16 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 59.7 x 49.5 x 6.7cm (23 1/2 x 19 1/2 x 2 5/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
mid 19th Century
Exhibition Label:
Territorial expansion generated a spirit of technological adventure and a search for new methods to handle the unique conditions of American life. Cyrus McCormick, a farmer in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, succeeded where his father had failed by constructing the first practical reaping machine. This reaper was a first step in the mechanization of American agriculture, allowing the efficient cultivation of large tracts of farmland by small numbers of farmers. This industrialization of the land allowed the United States to boost agricultural production to unprecedented levels and to feed growing cities and industrial towns.
McCormick's design was pirated by competitors, but he overcame his rivals by founding his own factory outside Chicago in 1847. There, he contributed to the pace of industrial growth by using standardized parts and assembly-line production-methods that had been pioneered by Samuel Colt and others.
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Chauncey and Marion Deering McCormick Foundation and Mrs. Gilbert Harrison
Object number:
NPG.75.2
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Construction of the Underwater Exploration Exhibit

view Construction of the Underwater Exploration Exhibit digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Armed Forces History Hall
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 3.25w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Exhibit ; Medium: Document
Type:
Exhibit
Document
Group, candid
Date:
June 1967
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
Published in Torch June 1967
Summary:
Growth of the United States Hall indoor exhibit on underwater exploration with workers installing diving suits in the Armed Forces History section of the Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 371, Box 1, Folder: June 1967
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Diving
Underwater exploration
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Exhibitions
Standard number:
SIA2011-1119
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

The Exploring Expedition and the Smithsonian Institution

view The Exploring Expedition and the Smithsonian Institution digital asset number 1
Author:
Reingold, Nathan 1927-
Co-Author:
Rothenberg, Marc 1949-
Editor:
Viola, Herman J
Margolis, Carolyn
Subject:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
Peale, Titian Ramsay
Smithsonian Institution Building Early History
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
Smithsonian Institution Establishment of
United States Exploring Expedition (USEE)
United States Army Corps of Engineers
Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)
Physical description:
Number of pages: 12; Page numbers: 242-253
Date:
1985
Category:
Smithsonian History Bibliography
Notes:
The image [neg. # 2005-1378] is of William Dunlop Brackenridge who was entrusted with the care of the plants collected on the Wilkes Expedition.
Summary:
After providing background on the Smithsonian's founding and its first Secretary, Joseph Henry, this article describes Henry's attempts to prevent the federal government from using the Smithsonian as a repository for the voluminous natural history collections of the Wilkes Expedition of 1838-1842 and U.S. Army surveys of the 1850s. Henry was determined that the Smithsonian's primary role should be to undertake original scientific research, not to serve as a museum or repository for materials already collected by other institutions. However in 1853, Henry agreed that the Smithsonian Building, or "Castle," could temporarily serve as a National Museum overseen by the Smithsonian but supported with outside funds from the federal government. Specimens poured in and an exhibit hall was developed.
Although Congress continued to fund the Museum's expansion over the next two decades, Henry held firm to his belief that the Museum was temporary and that the Smithsonian would primarily serve as a research institution. His hope that the government would finally take over the Museum was renewed by the decision to construct a new, separate museum building to house the massive government exhibits produced for the 1876 Centennial Exposition. However by the time Congress appropriated funds for the new building, Henry had died. His successor, naturalist and curator Spencer F. Baird, saw the Museum as central to the Smithsonian's mission and fully supported its growth.
Contained within:
Magnificent voyagers: the U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 (Book)
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men
United States Congress, Relations with SI
Secretaries
Publisher:
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Interior Views of Halls in the Museum of History and Technology

view Interior Views of Halls in the Museum of History and Technology digital asset number 1
Creator:
Unknown
Subject:
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1967
May 12, 1967
Notes:
See also number 61651
Digital contact sheet available. Frame selections featured in "The Torch," June 1967.
Summary:
Growth of the United States (GOUS) Hall in the Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History, featuring an 18th century grist mill and the Ipswich House, and Petroleum Hall, featuring a diorama illustrating underwater drilling.
Cite as:
SIA Acc. 11-008 - Smithsonian Institution. Office of Public Affairs, Photographic Collection, 1960-1970, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1028]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Peter C. Welsh

view Peter C. Welsh digital asset number 1
Subject:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Museum Programs
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 8h X 10w; Type of Image: Person, posed; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
1964
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
For another image see SIA2007-0168.
Welsh was Associate Curator in the Smithsonian's Department of Civil History, 1959-1969. As Curator he played a major role in the development of the "Growth of the United States" hall in MHT. Welsh was Assistant Director General of Museums, 1969-1970, and also served as Director of the Office of Museum Programs, 1970-1971.
Summary:
Curator Peter C. Welsh conducting research on an artifact in his office in the newly opened Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. Welsh is seated at a desk looking at an open book. On the desk is a telephone and other books.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 420, Box 10, Folder 21
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Museum curators
Historians
History of Technology
Civil History
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Horses
Standard number:
SIA2007-0167
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

"How Tall Are You Exhibit," Hall of Health, A&I Building

view "How Tall Are You Exhibit," Hall of Health, A&I Building digital asset number 1
Author:
Unknown
Subject:
Arts and Industries Building
Exhibits Modernization Program United States National Museum
United States National Museum
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
1957
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
The original negative number is 44788-B, but that negative has been lost. There are several similar images of two children with a woman at the exhibit site.
Summary:
Several visitors at the Hall of Health at the "How Tall Are You?" exhibit showing the growth rate of children at various ages. This new installation was part of the Exhibits Modernization Program in the Arts and Industries Building and opened to the public on November 3, 1957.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives Record Unit 95 Box 42 Folder 24
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Children
Event
Medicine
Openings
Public Health Exhibit
Museum visitors
Exhibitions
Health
Standard number:
2002-10650
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Peter C. Welsh

view Peter C. Welsh digital asset number 1
Subject:
Welsh, Peter C
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
Smithsonian Institution Office of Museum Programs
Growth of the United States (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1964
Category:
Historic Images of the Smithsonian
Notes:
For another image see SIA2007-0167
Summary:
Curator Peter C. Welsh conducting research, possibly for his book entitled "Track and Road: The American Trotting Horse, 1820-1900," published in 1968. Welsh is standing with an open book in front of him. There are two photos of horses propped up leaning against the wall. Welsh was Associate Curator in the Department of Civil History, National Museum of History and Technology, now the National Museum of American History, 1959-1969. As curator he played a major role in the development of the "Growth of the United States" Hall in the Museum. Welsh was Assistant Director General of Museums, 1969-1970, and also served as Director of the Office of Museum Programs, 1970-1971.
Contained within:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 420, Box 10, Folder 21
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Horses
Historians
Museum curators
Smithsonian Institution--Employees
Civil History
Standard number:
SIA2007-0168
Restrictions:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

North American X-15

view North American X-15 digital asset number 1
Pilot:
Neil A. Armstrong, 1930 - 2012
Manufacturer:
North American Aviation Inc.
Materials:
Overall: Titanium
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 6.7 m (22 ft)
Length: 15.5 m (51 ft)
Height: 4 m (13 ft)
Weight, gross: 17,237 kg (38,000 lb)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1959
Physical Description:
North American X-15, rocket powered experimental aircraft; black titanium skin with wedge shaped horizontal stablizer; yellow stripe NASA inisignia on tail with stars and red bars United States national insignia on wings; white letter text "U.S. AIR FORCE" on the sides of the fuselage.
Long Description:
The North American X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft bridged the gap between manned flight within the atmosphere and manned flight beyond the atmosphere into space. After completing its initial test flights in 1959, the X-15 became the first winged aircraft to attain velocities of Mach 4, 5, and 6 (four, five, and six times the speed of sound). Because of its high-speed capability, the X-15 had to be designed to withstand aerodynamic temperatures on the order of 1,200 degrees F.; as a result, the aircraft was fabricated using a special high-strength nickel alloy named Inconel X.
Air-launched from a modified Boeing B-52 Stratofortress aircraft, the X-15 required conventional aerodynamic control surfaces to operate within the atmosphere and special "thruster" reaction control rockets located in the nose and wings of the aircraft to enable the pilot to maintain control when flying on the fringes of space. Indeed, the X-15 design was so much like that of a space vehicle that during the formative days of Project Mercury, America’s first attempt to put a man in orbit, North American and National Air and Space Administration (NASA) engineers gave serious consideration to utilizing a growth version of the X-15 for the manned orbiting mission. This plan was dropped in favor of using a blunt-body reentry vehicle. Because of the potential dangers to the pilot should the X-15’s pressurized cockpit lose its atmosphere while the aircraft operated in a near-space environment, X-15 pilots wore specially developed full-pressure protection ‘spacesuits’ while flying the experimental plane.
Three X-15 research aircraft were built and flown, completing a total of 199 research flights. The National Air and Space Museum has the historic X-15 #1, Air Force serial 56-6670. The X15 #2 (56-6671) was rebuilt following a landing accident as the advanced X-15A-2, having increased propellant capacity and, hence, a higher potential performance. The X-15A-2 was the fastest X-15 flown, and it is now on exhibit at the Air Force Museum, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. The X-15 #3 (56-6672) featured an advanced cockpit display panel and a special adaptive control system. The aircraft made many noteworthy flights until it crashed during atmospheric reentry, following pilot disorientation and a control-system failure. The pilot, Capt. Michael Adams, was killed.
The X-15 flew faster and higher than any other airplane. A peak altitude of 354,200 feet (67± miles) was reached by the X-15, and the X-15A-2 attained a speed of Mach 6.72 (4,534 mph) while testing a new ablative thermal protection material and a proposed design for a hypersonic ramjet. Various proposals were set forth for modifying the aircraft to accomplish new and even more radical tasks. At one point, NASA scientists planned to test a hydrogen-fueled supersonic combustion ramjet engine mounted on the X-15s lower vertical fin. A mock-up of this proposed installation was flight-tested on the X-15A-2. Other ideas included modifying the X-15 with a slender delta wing and using the aircraft as a booster for small satellite launch vehicles. None of these ideas, however, came to fruition.
The X-15 spearheaded research in a variety of areas: hypersonic aerodynamics, winged reentry from space. life-support systems for spacecraft, aerodynamic heating and heat transfer research, and earth sciences experiments. A total of 700 technical documents were produced, equivalent to the output of a typical 4,000-man federal research center for more than two years.
Development of the X-15 began in 1954, in a joint research program sponsored by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (forerunner of NASA), the U.S. Air Force. the U.S. Navy, and private industry. North American was selected as prime contractor on the project following a competition in which Douglas. Republic. and Bell also participated. By the time of its first airborne test, flight research was too complex to rely on simple air-to-ground communications near a test field. The Air Force and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics developed a special 485-mile-long test corridor stretching from Wendover Air Force Base. Utah. to Edwards Air Force Base. California. It was planned that the X15 would be air-launched from a Boeing B-52 near Wendover. then fly down this corridor, the High Range. to Edwards. monitored by tracking stations at Ely and Beatty. Nevada. and at Edwards. The range lay along a series of flat dry lakes. where the X-15 could make an emergency landing. if necessary. Nothing this extensive had previously existed in flight research, and it foreshadowed the worldwide tracking network developed by American manned spacecraft ventures. The X-15 would complete its research mission and then. followed by special Lockheed F-104 chase aircraft. would land on the hard clay of Rogers (formerly Muroc) Dry Lake. Because the X-15 featured a cruciform tail surface arrangement. it was necessary for the designers to make the lower half of the ventral fin jettisonable prior to landing so that the conventional two-wheel, nose-landing gear and two tail-mounted landing skids could support the aircraft.
Alternate Name:
North American X-15
Key Accomplishment(s):
World's Fastest Piloted Aircraft
Impact or Innovation:
The X-15 gathered critical flight data that made human spaceflight and future hypersonic aircraft possible.
Brief Description:
First flown in 1959, the North American X-15 bridged the gap between human flight in the atmosphere and spaceflight. It was the first winged aircraft to fly Mach 4, 5, & 6 and to operate at altitudes above 30,500 m (100,000 ft). Eight of 12 pilots received astronaut wings.
Credit Line:
Transferred from United States Air Force, Andrews AFB
Inventory Number:
A19690360000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Boeing Milestones of Flight Hall
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
Additional Online Media:

The People of India, Volume Four

view The People of India, Volume Four digital asset number 1
Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes) 1827-1892
Kaye, John William Sir 1814-1876
Physical description:
1 volume
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
South Asia
Date:
1868
Cite as:
The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Topic:
Indigenous Peoples
Ethnography
Local number:
FSA A1990.03 4
See more items in:
The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
The People of India, Volume Four
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

English-Alabama and Alabama-English dictionary 1906-1913

view English-Alabama and Alabama-English dictionary 1906-1913 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Swanton, John Reed
Sylestine, Harden
Physical description:
5400 cards
4 boxes
Culture:
Alibamu
Koasati Indians
Alabama Indians
Indians of North America Southern States
Type:
Dictionaries
Collection descriptions
Date:
1906-1913
Notes:
The note by Swanton preceding Alabama-English section reads? "The material marked (H) was furnished by an Alabama Indian, Harden Sylestine, who translated in his own way. His translation is usually preserved lest a mistake be made in altering; the material is to be corrected later. This includes all of my Alabama material except 12 pages of text by native informants and a vocabulary which for the most part duplicates what has been given."
Summary:
Alabama-English, 2433 typed cards in 2 boxes; English-Alabama, approximately 3000 typed and autograph A. cards in 2 boxes. Includes terms written in pencil and marked "(K)," which may be terms in Koasati. Informants are Harden Sylestine and others.
Swanton's arrangement of the Alabama-English section is generally alphabetical, with many terms grouped together by stesm. The cards have been stamped with consecutive numbers 1-2433, and Swanton's order has been preserved. Cards that had been clipped together now have a second number, beginning with 1 for the first in a clipped group (e.g., if cards 25-27 were found clipped together, they would now be numbered 25-1, 26-2, 27-3).
The Alabama-English section (with sequentially numbered cards) contains utterances identifiable by a following number in parentheses. If the number does not begin with zero, apparently if refers to Swanton's page numbers in his rough field notes (M 4151 "second set"). Numbers beginning with zero seem to refer to the"first set," MS 4151-- Karen Lupardus, August 18, 1978.
Cite as:
Manuscript 2435, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation
Local number:
NAA MS 2435
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Additional Online Media:

Men of Progress

view Men of Progress digital asset number 1
Artist:
Christian Schussele, 16 Apr 1824 - 1879
Sitter:
William Thomas Green Morton, 9 Aug 1819 - 15 Jul 1868
James Bogardus, 14 Mar 1800 - 13 Apr 1874
Samuel Colt, 19 Jul 1814 - 10 Jan 1862
Cyrus Hall McCormick, 15 Feb 1809 - 13 May 1884
Joseph Saxton, 22 Mar 1799 - 26 Oct 1873
Charles Goodyear, 29 Dec 1800 - 1 Jul 1860
Peter Cooper, 12 Feb 1791 - 4 Apr 1883
Jordan Lawrence Mott, 12 Oct 1799 - 1866
Joseph Henry, 17 Dec 1797 - 13 May 1878
Eliphalet Nott, 25 Jun 1773 - 29 Jan 1866
John Ericsson, 31 Jul 1803 - 8 Mar 1889
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels, 20 Sep 1819 - 8 Mar 1895
Samuel Finley Breese Morse, 27 Apr 1791 - 2 Apr 1872
Henry Burden, 22 Apr 1791 - 19 Jan 1871
Richard March Hoe, 19 Jul 1815 - 13 Sep 1884
Erastus Brigham Bigelow, 2 Apr 1814 - 6 Dec 1879
Isaiah Jennings, 1792 - 1862
Thomas Blanchard, 24 Jun 1788 - 16 Apr 1864
Elias Howe, 9 Jul 1819 - 3 Oct 1867
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 128.3 x 190.5 x 5.1cm (50 1/2 x 75 x 2")
Frame: 162.6 x 225.7 x 12.7cm (64 x 88 7/8 x 5")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Pennsylvania\Philadelphia\Philadelphia
Date:
1862
Exhibition Label:
In 1857, the inventor of a coal-burning stove, Jordan Mott, commissioned Christian Schussele to paint a group portrait of eighteen American scientists and inventors who "had altered the course of contemporary civilization." As with Schussele's celebration of American letters, Washington Irving . . . at Sunnyside, the group portrait did not mark an actual occasion but was designed to honor the achievements of American industry. The artist sketched study portraits of each of his subjects before putting them all into his final, formal composition. Men of Progress is a remarkable document of the growth of the American economy by the 1850s as it celebrates the inventions and processes of manufacturing pioneered by men such as Cyrus McCormick, Charles Goodyear, Samuel Colt, Samuel Morse, Elias Howe, and fourteen others.
Topic:
Interior
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Equipment\Walking stick\Cane
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez
Architecture\Column
Artwork\Painting\Portrait
Weapon\Gun\Pistol
Artist's Effects\Architectural drawing
Equipment\Patent model
Isaiah Jennings: Health and Medicine\Dentist
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Dental
Isaiah Jennings: Science and Technology\Inventor\Firearms
Joseph Henry: Education\Educator\Professor
Joseph Henry: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist
Joseph Henry: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Secretary
Elias Howe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Sewing machine
Elias Howe: Crafts and Trades\Machinist
William Thomas Green Morton: Literature\Writer\Medical
William Thomas Green Morton: Science and Technology\Inventor\Medical
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Dentist
William Thomas Green Morton: Health and Medicine\Physician\Anaesthetist
Charles Goodyear: Science and Technology\Inventor
Charles Goodyear: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Rubber
Charles Goodyear: Business and Industry\Merchant\Retailer
James Bogardus: Visual Arts\Artist\Medalist
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Inventor
James Bogardus: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural
Joseph Saxton: Science and Technology\Inventor
Joseph Saxton: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Clockmaker
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Industry\Merchant
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Visual Arts\Art Patron
Jordan Lawrence Mott: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Science and Technology\Inventor
Cyrus Hall McCormick: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Businessman\Entrepreneur
Henry Burden: Science and Technology\Inventor
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
Henry Burden: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Metalworker\Ironmaster
Henry Burden: Business and Industry\Transportation\Shipbuilder
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Science and Technology\Inventor\Loom
Erastus Brigham Bigelow: Education\Founder\Technical institute
Samuel Colt: Science and Technology\Inventor
Samuel Colt: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Firearms
Thomas Blanchard: Science and Technology\Inventor
Richard March Hoe: Science and Technology\Inventor\Press
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Inventor
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Structural
Frederick Ellsworth Sickels: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil\Bridge builder
Eliphalet Nott: Education\Administrator\College\President
Eliphalet Nott: Science and Technology\Inventor
Eliphalet Nott: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Businessman
Peter Cooper: Education\Founder\School
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer
Peter Cooper: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist
Peter Cooper: Science and Technology\Inventor
Peter Cooper: Business and Industry\Industrialist\Manufacturer\Iron
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Inventor
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Military
John Ericsson: Science and Technology\Engineer\Marine
John Ericsson: Business and Industry\Transportation\Shipbuilder
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Communications\Journalist
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Visual Arts\Art Instructor
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Education\Founder\College
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor
Samuel Finley Breese Morse: Science and Technology\Inventor\Telegraph
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number:
NPG.65.60
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Architectural History of the National Museum Building (Arts and Industries), 1879

view Architectural History of the National Museum Building (Arts and Industries), 1879 digital asset number 1
Subject:
Schulze, Paul
Cluss, Adolph 1825-1905
Arts and Industries Building Rotunda
Arts and Industries Building North Hall
Arts and Industries Building West Hall
Arts and Industries Building Southwest Pavilion
Arts and Industries Building
Arts and Industries Building North Entrance
Arts and Industries Building Southeast Pavilion
Arts and Industries Building West Entrance
Arts and Industries Building Southwest Range
United States National Museum Dept. of Arts and Industries
Arts and Industries Building East Hall
South-East Range of the Arts and Industries Building
Arts and Industries Building Lecture Hall
Arts and Industries Building North Front
Board of Regents
National Trust for Historic Preservation
National Register of Historic Places
Hornblower & Marshall
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.)
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
National Air and Space Museum
Smithsonian American Art Museum
1876: A Centennial Exhibition (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1879-ongoing
Category:
Chronology of Smithsonian History
Notes:
Ewing, H., & Ballard, A. (2009). A guide to Smithsonian architecture. Washington: Smithsonian Books.
Summary:
Initial construction began on the National Museum in 1879. The idea for the first ever building to house the U.S. National Museum came out of the extreme overcrowding at the Smithsonian Institution Building (Castle). Smithsonian scientists and curators had been collecting items to display at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibit of 1876, in addition to their other collections. Following the fair, the Smithsonian suddenly had too many objects and nowhere to store or display them, so Congress was petitioned and the funds for the new building were made available. The building was erected with the latest fireproof technologies, and was completed in less than two years. It opened in 1881.
Prominent architects Adolf Cluss (1825-1905) and Paul Schulze (1827-1897) were chosen to design the new museum building. From 1862-1876 Cluss had either designed or oversaw all of the public buildings built in Washington, DC.
The design for the National Museum Building got its inspiration from many different architectural styles, and doesn't fit perfectly in to any one style. The building's symmetrical, modular shape was inspired by writings of architect J.N.L. Durand (1760-1834), who was an important figure in the Neoclassical architecture movement. Each modular unit is built on to the central unit, thus maintaining its own identity. The building has four entrances, one in the center of each side of the building, each with its own set of symmetrical towers. In fact, the building is identical on all four sides. In the very center sits a domed rotunda, and there are four pavilions, one on each corner of the building, inspired by the popular buildings of the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876.
The official architectural style of the Arts and Industries Building is High Victorian, which is considered to be a sub-style of Gothic Revival. Elements of High Victorian style include the building's polychromatic façade and varying textures. The building possesses Gothic style elements including arched windows and doorways, as well as several square towers.
With the continued growth of the Smithsonian, the collection had once again outgrown the building within just a few years. From 1897 to 1902, mezzanine balconies were installed in the four corner courts, designed by local architects Hornblower and Marshall in Beaux-Arts style. This was only a temporary fix. When the National Museum of Natural History opened in 1911, all of the natural history collections were transferred there. The building was renamed Arts and Industries, and only industry, technology, and American history collections remained.
Arts and Industries Building has served as a temporary space for many exhibitions for future museums including the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Museum of History and Technology (now National Museum of American History), and National Air and Space Museum, and the National Museum of the American Indian. A major renovation took place in the 1970s to add more office space and update the building. It continued to house specialty exhibits until 2004 when it was closed indefinitely due to structural damage. The building is one of the most endangered historic sites in America according to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Smithsonian anticipates that the current renovation will be complete in the fall of 2015.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Museum architecture
Museum buildings
Architecture, Gothic
Architecture--Conservation and restoration
Architecture, Victorian
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Gothic revival (Architecture)
Architecture, Neoclassical
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Virginia Herald Vol. XVIII No. 1386

view <I>Virginia Herald Vol. XVIII No. 1386</I> digital asset number 1
Published by:
The Virginia Herald, American, 1787 - 1876
Medium:
ink on newsprint
Dimensions:
H x W (page): 17 x 10 1/2 in. (43.2 x 26.7 cm)
Type:
newspapers
Date:
November 30, 1804
Topic:
African American
Advertising
Mass media
Slavery
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift from the Liljenquist Family Collection
Object number:
2011.51.1
Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Liljenquist Family Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
Additional Online Media:

Merchandise Mart Hall of Fame: Marshall Field, (sculpture)

Marshall Field, (sculpture)
view Merchandise Mart Hall of Fame: Marshall Field, (sculpture) digital asset number 1
Sculptor:
Iselin, Lewis 1913-1990
Subject:
Field, Marshall
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: concrete or limestone with marble plaque
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Merchandise Mart 222 North Bank Drive Main entrance plaza Chicago Illinois 60654
Date:
Dedicated June 30, 1953
Notes:
Bach, Ira J., and Mary Lackritz Gray, "A Guide to Chicago's Public Sculpture," Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983, pg. 101.
Riedy, James, "Chicago Sculpture," Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1981.
Gray, Mary Lackritz, "Department of Cultural Affairs Loop Sculpture Guide," Chicago: Department of Cultural Affairs, 1990, no. 12.
Chicago Daily News, July 1, 1953, pg. 64.
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Illinois, Chicago survey, 1992.
Summary:
Four times life-size head mounted on a tall pillar. One of eight heads which line the Merchandise Mart Plaza to honor outstanding American retail merchants. Marshall Field was founder and president of Marshall Field & Company in Chicago. Field was an innovator in the concept of the one-price store, the under-price basement store, free delivery, and money back refunds. Field also financed schools and libraries, founded the Field Museum of Natural History, and influenced the growth of the University of Chicago.
Topic:
Portrait male--Head
Occupation--Other--Businessman
Control number:
IAS 87580028
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
Additional Online Media:

Letter from William Darlington to Asbury Dickens, Esquire, Secretary of the Columbian Institute, December 14, 1819

view Letter from William Darlington to Asbury Dickens, Esquire, Secretary of the Columbian Institute, December 14, 1819 digital asset number 1
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1819
December 14, 1819
Summary:
Letter from William Darlington to Asbury Dickens, Esquire, Secretary of the Columbian Institute, regarding a national Herbarium. Dated 14 December 1819.
Cite as:
SIA RU007051 - Records, 1816-1841, with related papers, 1791-1800, Smithsonian Institution Archives
Local number:
SIA RU007051 [SIA_007051_S02_B01_F02_D26]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

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