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20 Dollars, United States,1854

view 20 Dollars, United States,1854 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, New Orleans
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 33.5 mm; 1 5/16 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Louisiana, New Orleans
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1854
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 3,250
The 1854-O double eagle is one of the great classics of the Liberty Head series. Today, there are probably fewer than 35 examples known in all grades. Most of the 1854-O double eagles seen have graded just Very Fine or Extremely Fine. The 1854-O double eagle has always been in great demand, but with the recent interest in the field of double eagles, the 1854-O issue has become nearly priceless. Probably the finest example known was found in the wreckage of the S.S. Republic. The coin has been certified as grading AU-58.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Lilly, Josiah K
ID Number:
NU*283645.0263
Catalog number:
NU*283645.0263
Accession number:
283645
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1851

view 20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1851 digital asset: Coin, 20 dollar, obverse
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
United States
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1851
Description:
With the onset of the California Gold Rush, a new coin denomination was authorized - a twenty-dollar gold piece called a double eagle. It depicted the head of Liberty wearing a coronet, surrounded by stars, for the obverse. The reverse bore a heraldic eagle, similar to the Great Seal of the United States.
Mintage: 2,087,155
With gold rushing in from California, the production of double eagles soared to a level that would not be exceeded until 1861. A large number of coins were produced, but the vast majority of 1851 double eagles did not survive. Of the coins seen today, most are heavily worn. Examples were found on the S.S. Central America and the S.S. Republic, nearly all of which were circulated. High-grade 1851 double eagles are very rare, with only two dozen coins known in choice condition. The highest-grade 1851 double eagle certified to date has been MS-64
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0419
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0419
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars, United States,1854

view 20 Dollars, United States,1854 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint, San Francisco
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in; wt. 33.28 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: California, San Francisco
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1854
Description (Brief):
1854-S
Mintage: 141,468
The year 1854 was the first time that gold coins were produced at the San Francisco Mint. The 1854-S quarter eagle and half eagle are extremely rare. Most of the production for the year focused on double eagles. The issue was widely distributed and many of the coins seen today are rather heavily worn. A large group of 1854-S double eagles were found in the wreckage of the S.S. Yankee Blade. The treasure was undocumented, but it is believed that around 200 to 300 coins were discovered. Most of the coins were high-grade examples with surfaces that are lightly etched from exposure to seawater. A Proof example of the 1854-S double eagle resides in the Smithsonian Collection.
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0440
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0440
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars, United States, 1921

view 20 Dollars, United States, 1921 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1921
Description:
United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Liberty striding towards the viewer, bearing olive branch and torch. Reverse: Eagle in flight above the sun. More than half a million double eagles were minted in 1921. Only about fifteen survived the melt down procedure later. This coin is outstanding, both for rarity and condition.
Location:
Currently not on view
Related Publication:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Government Transfer: US DOTT, USM
ID Number:
1985.0441.1476
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1476
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars, United States, 1927-S

view 20 Dollars, United States, 1927-S digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, San Francisco
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1927
Description:
United States Mint, San Francisco. Obverse: Liberty striding towards the viewer, bearing olive branch and torch. Reverse: Eagle in flight above the sun. Over three million double eagles poured out of the San Francisco branch mint in 1927. All but a dozen or so were eventually melted.
Location:
Currently not on view
Related Publication:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Government Transfer: US DOTT, USM
ID Number:
1985.0441.1524
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1524
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars, United States, 1932

view 20 Dollars, United States, 1932 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1932
Description:
United States Mint, Philadelphia. Obverse: Liberty striding towards the viewer, bearing olive branch and torch. Reverse: Eagle in flight above the sun. About two dozen coins have survived from the 1932 double eagle mintage.
Location:
Currently not on view
Related Publication:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Government Transfer: US DOTT, USM
ID Number:
1985.0441.1610
Accession number:
1985.0441
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1610
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1852

view 20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1852 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1852
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 2,053,026
The mintage of double eagles continued in large numbers at the Philadelphia Mint in 1853. The date is one of the more common Type 1 double eagles. The treasure of the S.S. Central America contained nearly 30 coins of the date, and the S.S. Republic yielded nearly 100
examples. Only about a dozen in those two groups are of Mint State quality.
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0426
Accession number:
1984.1046
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0426
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1853

view 20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1853 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1853
Description (Brief):
1853
Mintage: 1,261,326
The mintage for the 1853 double eagle is well below that of the 1851 and 1852 Philadelphia issues. There were still more than one million coins struck, and the 1853 double eagle
is fairly common in average grade. Nearly 100 coins of the date were found in the wrecks of the S.S. Central America and the S.S. Republic with a few of them being Uncirculated.
Fully Mint State coins are rare, particularly at the choice level.
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0432
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0432
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars, United States, 1855

view 20 Dollars, United States, 1855 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1855
Description (Brief):
1855
Mintage: 364,666
Low-grade examples of the 1855 double eagle are fairly common. The issue becomes increasingly rare in high-grade condition. There were examples of the date found on the S.S. Central America and S.S. Republic. Most of these were Extremely Fine or About Uncirculated, but a few were on the low end of the Mint State scale. The 1855 double eagle is a true condition rarity. Nearly all of the known examples of this date are low grade.
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0446
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0446
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1853

view 20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1853 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, New Orleans
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Louisiana, New Orleans
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1853
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 71,000
As can been seen from the much lower mintage, the 1853-O double eagle is considerably rarer than the preceding double eagles from the New Orleans Mint. While scarce, collectors willing to settle for a Very Fine or Extremely Fine coin will have little trouble locating an example. Most of the coins seen are softly struck in the central portions of the design and high-grade examples are usually prooflike. A very small number was found on the wrecks of the S.S. Central America and S.S. Republic. There are fewer than 10 examples known in Mint State.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Lilly, Josiah K
ID Number:
NU*283645.0250
Catalog number:
NU*283645.0250
Accession number:
283645
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1856-O

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1856-O digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, New Orleans
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 34 mm; 1 11/32 in; wt. 33.327 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Louisiana, New Orleans
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1856
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 2,250
The 1856-O double eagle is one of the great rarities of the Liberty Head series. There are thought to be fewer than 25 coins known in all grades. The known coins range in grade from polished Very Fine to Specimen-63. Most collectors of double eagles have given up on this date as the starting price for an attractive example begins in the six figures. The Smithsonian contains two examples. Of the small number of coins known in About Uncirculated condition, most are at least partially prooflike. The collecting of gold coins by mintmark did not start in earnest until decades after the 1856-O double eagles were struck. Today, the issue is considered a “classic.” Note: This coin is included among the 100 Greatest U.S. Coins (Garrett and Guth 2005).
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0457
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0457
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1896

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1896 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.440 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1896
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 792,535
As a date, the 1896 double eagle is considered common in most grades. Large numbers were minted and examples are found regularly in overseas shipments. Ample supplies of the date are known in all grades from VF (very fine) to MS(mint state -63.) Choice examples are scarce with very few surviving in gem condition.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Chase Manhattan
ID Number:
1979.1263.00068
Catalog number:
1979.1263.00068
Accession number:
1979.1263
Collector/donor number:
01550
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1851

view 20 Dollar Coin, United States, 1851 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, New Orleans
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 33.8 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Louisiana, New Orleans
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1851
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 315,000
The 1851-O double eagle was struck in ample numbers and is readily available in circulated grades. A surprising number of examples are offered each year at auction. This is the result of popularity and availability. The issue was widely distributed and heavily circulated with most survivors grading Very Fine or Extremely Fine. The date is scarce in About Uncirculated and very rare in full Mint State. Several examples of the 1851-O double eagle were found on the wrecks of the S.S. Central America and the S.S. Republic. None were of Mint State quality. It is estimated that just 15 to 20 examples would qualify as Mint State by today’s standards.
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0420
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0420
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

20 Dollars,United States, 1855

view 20 Dollars,United States, 1855 digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint, New Orleans
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 33.9 mm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Louisiana, New Orleans
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1855
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 8,000
The rarity of the 1855-O double eagle is often overshadowed by the 1854-O and 1856-O issues. There are fewer than 100 examples of this date known in all grades. This is especially important considering the fact that double eagles are one of the most popular U.S. coins. Most of the coins known for the date are low grade. The treasure of the S.S. Republic featured three examples, all of which grade AU-58. The Smithsonian has two specimens, both of which are About Uncirculated. Mint State coins are very rare and the few that have been certified as such, are barely so
Location:
Currently not on view
ID Number:
1984.1046.0447
Catalog number:
1984.1046.0447
Accession number:
1984.1046
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1861

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1861 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.418 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1861
Description (Brief):
Mintage: 2,976,453
Until the treasure of the S.S. Central America was discovered, the 1861 Philadelphia issue
was the most common Type 1 double eagle. This is the issue most collectors thought of when trying to find an acceptable example of the type. The large mintage, the highest of any double eagle until 1904, makes the 1861 a common issue in most grades. Choice pieces are actually very rare. There have only been about 60 coins certified at that level. The finest known example of the date by far is an MS-67 coin. Nearly 500 examples of the date were found on the S.S. Republic. Most were in grades from AU-58 to MS-62.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0601
Accession number:
1985.0441
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0601
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1862

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1862 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.428 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1862
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0616
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0616
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1863

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1863 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.438 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1863
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0630
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0630
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1864

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1864 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.430 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1864
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0644
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0644
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1865

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1865 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.434 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1865
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0660
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0660
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1867

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1867 digital asset number 1
Maker:
United States Mint
Longacre, James Barton
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.429 g
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1867
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.0692
Catalog number:
1985.0441.0692
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

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