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University of California, Los Angeles

Abbreviated Name:
UCLA
Alternate Name:
University of California at Los Angeles
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1919
Parent Organization:
University of California
Description:
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university located in the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, USA. It is the second oldest of the ten campuses of the University of California system.
Source:
http://www.ucla.edu/
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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Abbreviated Name:
WHOI
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1930
Description:
"The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is dedicated to research and education to advance understanding of the ocean and its interaction with the Earth system, and to communicating this understanding for the benefit of society" -- Vision & Mission, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution website.
Source:
Vision & Mission. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 2012 from http://www.whoi.edu/main/vision-mission.
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Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Alternate Name:
Scripps
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1903
Parent Organization:
University of California, San Diego
Description:
The Scripps Institution of Oceanography was founded in 1903 and joined the University of California in 1912, and is a department of University of California, San Diego. The Institution includes Birch Aquarium. Work completed by the institution includes study of climate change, earthquakes and other natural disasters, drug-resistant diseases, water shortages, saving marine life, energy alternatives, pollution.
Source:
Scripps Institution of Oceanography. (2012). "About Scripps." Retrieved January 17, 2012 from http://sio.ucsd.edu/About/
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American Museum of Natural History

Abbreviated Name:
AMNH
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1869
Description:
The American Museum of Natural History is one of the world's preeminent scientific and cultural institutions. Since its founding in 1869, the Museum has advanced its global mission to discover, interpret and disseminate information about human cultures, the natural world and the universe through a wide-ranging program of scientific research, education and exhibition. The Museum is renowned for its exhibitions and scientific collections, which serve as a field guide to the entire planet and present a panorama of the world's cultures.
Source:
http://www.amnh.org/about/ - AMNH website
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United States Navy

Abbreviated Name:
US Navy
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1775
Description:
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. Numerous Smithsonian scientists have participated on U.S. Navy surveys and expeditions.
Source:
Michael A. Palmer (31 March 1997). "A History of the Navy." Retrieved January 17, 2012 from http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history1.htm
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Gorgas Memorial Laboratory

Alternate Name:
Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, Panama
Laboratorio Conmemorativo Gorgas
Gorgas Memorial Laboratory of Tropical and Preventive Medicine
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1921
Parent Organization:
Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine
Description:
The Gorgas Memorial Laboratory was established in Panama as part of Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine in 1921, named for Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, best known for his work on yellow fever and its prevention in the Panama Canal Zone. The facilities were run by the United States until 1990.
Source:
Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud.(2010). Welcome to the portal ICGES. Retrieved January 31, 2012 from http://www.gorgas.gob.pa/
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United States. Bureau of Entomology

Alternate Name:
Division of Entomology
United States Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Entomology
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1878
To:
1953
Parent Organization:
United States Dept. of Agriculture
Description:
The United States Bureau of Entomology, originally the Division of Entomology, and subsequently the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, was a unit of the United States Department of Agriculture from 1878 to 1953.
Source:
Geong, H. (2000). The Pink Bollworm Campaign in the South: Agricultural Quarantines and the Role of the Public in Insect Control, 1915-1930. Agricultural History, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 309-321.
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Geological Survey (U.S.)

Abbreviated Name:
USGS
Alternate Name:
US Geological Survey
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1879
Parent Organization:
United States. Dept. of the Interior
Description:
The United States Geological Survey was established by the US Congress on March 3, 1879. Its mission states: "the USGS serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life."
Source:
U.S. Geological Survey (September 13, 2011). About USGS. Retrieved May 25, 2012 from http://www.usgs.gov/aboutusgs/
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Southeast Pacific Biological Oceanographic Project

Abbreviated Name:
SEPBOP
Alternate Name:
Southeast Pacific Biological and Oceanographic Program
Southeastern Pacific Biological Oceanographic Program
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1965
To:
1966
Description:
The Southeast Pacific Biological Oceanographic Project (SEPBOP) comprised several cruises of the Anton Bruun between 1965 and 1966.
Source:
Library of Congress. NACO. Control Number: no 00029066
Child, C.A. (1992.) Pycnogonida of the Southeast Pacific Ocean Biological Oceanographic Project (SEPBOP). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 256. Retrieved from http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/zoology/pdf_hi/SCTZ-0526.pdf
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Firestone Tire and Rubber Company

Abbreviated Name:
FSNR
Alternate Name:
Firestone Liberia
Firestone Natural Rubber Company
Firestone Natural Rubber Company, LLC
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1926
Parent Organization:
Firestone
Description:
In 1926, the then Firestone Tire & Rubber Company leased 1,600 square miles of jungle in Liberia, West Africa, with the goal of producing its own rubber. By the 1920's the operation grew to employ thousands Liberians. Currently, Firestone Liberia operates on a much smaller area of land with close to 8 million rubber trees planted on 200 square miles at its Harbel location. It is named after Firestone founder Harvey Firestone and his wife Idabelle.
Source:
Firestone Natural Rubber Company, LLC. (2010). "Firestone and Liberia – Company History". Retrieved from http://www.firestonenaturalrubber.com/company_history.htm.
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United States Dept. of Agriculture

Abbreviated Name:
USDA
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1862
Description:
The United States Department of Agriculture is the United States federal executive department responsible for developing and executing U.S. federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers, promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and abroad. Numerous branches of the USDA have worked closely with the United States National Museum, and later the National Museum of Natural History, since the late nineteenth century. Scientists have worked in Smithsonian facilities and many collections from research are housed in the National Museum of Natural History.
Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usda
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Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology

Abbreviated Name:
MCZ
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1859
Parent Organization:
Harvard University
Description:
The Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ) at Harvard University is a center for research and education focused on the comparative relationships of animal life. The MCZ was founded in 1859 by an act, signed into law, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts primarily through the efforts of Louis Agassiz, a brilliant lecturer and scholar from Switzerland. The museum established and served as a training ground for professional zoologists and influenced many budding US museums through this new generation. Research at the MCZ continues to follow Agassiz’s vision to illuminate the structures of living things, their natural classification and relationship with their surroundings, while remaining a leading institution for modern zoological research. The present-day MCZ collections are comprised of approximately 21 million extant and fossil invertebrate and vertebrate specimens, which continue to be a focus of research and teaching for MCZ, Harvard and outside students and researchers.
Source:
Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology. (2011). "About MCZ." Retrieved from http://www.mcz.harvard.edu/about/index.html.
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Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

Alternate Name:
Lamont Geological Observatory
Columbia University. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1949
Parent Organization:
Columbia University
Description:
The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory was established by Columbia University in 1949 as the Lamont Geological Observatory. The observatory was named after Thomas W. Lamont (1870-1948), an alumna of Columbia University who had donated his estate to the University at his death. Name changes occurred in 1969 and 1993. The first name change was in honor of a large donation from the Henry L. and Grace Doherty Charitable Foundation, and the second name change reflected the Observatory's "growing scope of expertise." Research conducted by the Lamont Geological Observatory encompasses the full range of earth sciences including a large oceanographic collection.
Source:
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2011 from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory About page: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/about-ldeo
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2011 from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory History if Lamont page: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/about-ldeo/history-lamont-0
For more information, please visit http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/ (active as of 6/29/2011).
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Smithsonian Institution

Record type:
Organization name
From:
1846
Description:
James Smithson (1765-1829), a British scientist, left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge.” The Smithsonian Institution was officially established by legislation signed by President James K. Polk on August 10, 1846, as a trust to be administered by a Board of Regents and a Secretary of the Smithsonian. Since its founding, the Smithsonian has become the world’s largest museum and research complex, with 19 museums, the National Zoo and nine research facilities. The Secretary of the Smithsonian, appointed by the Board of Regents, is the Institution's chief executive officer. Secretaries have included Joseph Henry, 1846-1878; Spencer F. Baird, 1878-1887; Samuel P. Langley, 1887-1906; Charles D. Walcott, 1907-1927; Charles G. Abbot, 1928-1944; Alexander Wetmore, 1944-1952; Leonard Carmichael, 1953-1964; S. Dillon Ripley, 1964-1984; Robert McCormick Adams, 1984-1994; Ira Michael Heyman, 1994-2000; Lawrence M. Small, 2000-2007; Cristián Samper, Acting Secretary, 2007-2008; and G. Wayne Clough, 2008 - .
Source:
SIA AH00002 [Agency History]
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United States. Bureau of Biological Survey

Alternate Name:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1885
To:
1940
Parent Organization:
United States Dept. of the Interior
Description:
In 1885, Congress created an Office of Economic Ornithology in the Department of Agriculture. The office studied the food habits and migratory patterns of birds, especially those that had an effect on agriculture. This office gradually grew in responsibilities and went through several name changes until finally renamed the Bureau of Biological Survey in 1905. In addition to studying birds and mammals, the Survey's responsibilities included managing the nation's first wildlife refuges, controlling predators, enforcing wildlife laws, and conserving dwindling populations of migratory birds. The Bureaus of Fisheries and Biological Survey were transferred to the Department of the Interior in 1939. In 1940, they were combined and named the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
Source:
http://www.fws.gov/who/ - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website.
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Record type:
Organization name
From:
1956
Parent Organization:
United States Dept. of the Interior
Description:
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is a bureau within the Department of the Interior. Its mission is to work with others to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. A 1940 reorganization plan in the Department of the Interior consolidated the Bureau of Fisheries and the Bureau of Biological Survey into one agency to be known as the Fish and Wildlife Service. The Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife was created as a part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior on November 6, 1956, by the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956. That act was amended on July 1, 1974 to, among other purposes, abolish the position of Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife and designate the Bureau as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of External Affair. (April 20, 2010). "About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". Retrieved January 17, 2012 from http://www.fws.gov/help/about_us.html
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National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology

Record type:
Organization name
From:
1963
Parent Organization:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Description:
The paleontological collections of the Smithsonian Institution were a part of the Department of Geology, United States National Museum (USNM) from 1880 until its dissolution in 1963. The Department of Paleobiology was created in 1963 as part of a reorganization in the Museum of Natural History. At that time, the Department of Geology was divided into two departments, with the Divisions of Invertebrate Paleontology and Paleobotany and Vertebrate Paleontology joined to form the Department of Paleobiology. G. Arthur Cooper, formerly Head Curator of Geology, became the first Chairman of the Department of Paleobiology in 1963 and served until 1967. Other Chairmen have included Porter M. Kier, 1967-1972; Richard E. Grant, 1972-1977; Martin A. Buzas,1977-1982; Ian G. MacIntyre, 1982-1987; Jack W. Pierce, 1987-1993; William A. DiMichele, 1993-1998; and Richard H. Benson, 1998-2001; Douglas H. Erwin, 2001-2002; Scott Wing, 2002-2007; Conrad Christopher Labandeira, 2008-2009; and Brian T. Huber, 2010- .
Source:
http://www.mnh.si.edu/press_office/annual_reports/
http://paleobiology.si.edu/
SIA AH00048 [Agency History]
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National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Worms

Record type:
Organization name
From:
1965
Parent Organization:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology
Description:
The Division of Worms was established on July 1, 1965, as a result of an administrative reorganization of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology. Prior to that time, the national collection of worms was under the care of the Division of Marine Invertebrates. Professional staff of the Division of Worms have included Meredith L. Jones, Curator, 1965-1989; Marian H. Pettibone, Associate Curator, Curator, and Emeritus Zoologist, 1965-1988; W. Duane Hope, Associate Curator, Curator, Research Zoologist, and Emeritus Zoologist, 1965- ; Mary E. Rice, Associate Curator, Curator, and Emeritus Zoologist, 1965- ; Robert P. Higgins, Curator, 1978-1984; Kristian Fauchald, Associate Curator, Curator, Research Zoologist, and Emeritus Zoologist, 1979- ; Jon L. Norenburg, Research Zoologist, 1992- ; and Karen J. Osborn, Associate Curator, 2011- .
Source:
http://invertebrates.si.edu/
SIA AH00023 [Agency History]
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National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Invertebrate Zoology

Record type:
Organization name
From:
1965
Parent Organization:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
Description:
The Department of Invertebrate Zoology was created in 1965 by the separation of the Department of Zoology into vertebrate and invertebrate branches. The Divisions of Marine Invertebrates and Mollusks were under administrative control of the newly created Department of Invertebrate Zoology. On July 1, 1965, the Division of Marine Invertebrates was abolished and three new divisions were formed--Crustacea, Echinoderms, and Worms--and were joined with the existing Department of Mollusks to form the Department of Invertebrate Zoology. Chairmen of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology have included Donald Fleming Squires, 1965-1966; Joseph Rosewater, Acting Chairman, 1966; Raymond B. Manning, 1967-1971; David L. Pawson, 1971-1975; W. Duane Hope, 1975-1981; Clyde F. E. Roper, 1981-1985; Roger F. Cressey, 1985-1988; C.W. Hart, 1988-1991; Brian Frederick Kensley, 1991-1995; Kristian Fauchald, 1995-2001; David L. Pawson, 2001-2003; Robert Hershler, 2003-2004; Jonathan A. Coddington, 2004-2005; Rafael Lemaitre, 2005-2008; Stephen Cairns, 2011; and Jon L. Norenburg, 2011- .
Source:
http://invertebrates.si.edu/history.htm
SIA AH00020 [Agency History]
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South Atlantic Benchmark Program

Abbreviated Name:
SABP
Alternate Name:
South Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Benchmark Program
South Atlantic OCS Benchmark Program
Record type:
Organization name
From:
1977
Parent Organization:
United States. Bureau of Land Management
Description:
The U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) contracted with Texas Instruments, Inc., to conduct the South Atlantic Benchmark Program (SABP) in 1977. The SABP collected environmental data in the Georgia Bight off the coast of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, to assist the BLM in the implementation of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act of 1953 and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969.
Source:
Texas Instruments, Inc. (1979). South Atlantic Benchmark Program, Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Environmental Studies, Volume 1: Executive Summary. Retrieved from http://invertebrates.si.edu/boem/reports/SABP_vol1.pdf
Texas Instruments, Inc. (1979). South Atlantic Benchmark Program, Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Environmental Studies, Volume 2: Technical Program and Management. Retrieved from http://invertebrates.si.edu/boem/reports/SABP_vol2.pdf
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