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Palace door

ilekun aafin
Maker:
Olowe of Ise, ca. 1875-ca. 1938
Yoruba peoples
Medium:
Wood, traces of pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 207 x 88 x 15.9 cm (81 1/2 x 34 5/8 x 6 1/4 in.)
Type:
Architectural Element
Geography:
Ise, Ekiti region, Nigeria
Date:
ca. 1904-1910
Topic:
Commemorative
Leadership
equestrian
mother and child
musical instrument
weapon
horse
male
female
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Robert Kuhn
Object number:
88-13-1
Label Text:
Olowe of Ise is considered by many art historians and art collectors to be the most important Yoruba artist of the 20th century. Active in the first quarter of the century, he designed and carved architectural sculptures for several palaces in the Ekiti region of Yorubaland. His work first became known in Europe when an elaborately carved and painted door and lintel ensemble he had created for the palace of the Ogoga (king) of Ikere was displayed at the 1924 British Empire Exhibition in London. Considered by experts in the British Museum to be "the finest piece of West African carving that has ever reached England," the door and its lintel were acquired for that museum's collection in exchange for a British-made throne.
Olowe's innovative approach to carving the palace doors stands apart from Yoruba low relief work, which typically is flat and even. Olowe, however, carved in exceedingly high and uneven relief. The figures on this panel, the right side of a door, project in profile from the background by as much as 10 centimeters (approximately 4 inches), and the upper bodies of some figures are carved completely in the round. Instead of using static, frontal poses, Olowe turned the heads of the figures in opposition to their bodies to face the viewer. He crossed their legs to suggest walking or dancing motions.
The panel shown here commemorates an actual event. At the end of the 19th century the Arinjale (king) of Ise received the first British traveling commissioners for the Ondo Province. The left side of the door (in a private collection) depicts Major W. R. Reeve-Tucker, the first traveling commissioner, and Captain W. G. Ambrose, his successor, and their entourage of African porters, soldiers, prisoners and British missionaries.
This right panel depicts the Yoruba king and his entourage. The Arinjale, who is mounted on a horse and wears a conical crown surmounted by a bird, is seen in the second register. He is accompanied by a court messenger and a musician. Royal wives and children, guards, priests and others from the palace appear in successive registers. The decapitated female figure in the lowest register is a human sacrifice, an act committed on the rarest occasions to ensure the survival of the community. Originally three vultures pecked at the female's eyes, abdomen and feet; now only the feet of the birds remain. The faces carved on two columns along the length of the door may represent war captives or royal ancestors.
Olowe carved the palace door from iroko, an iron-hard wood highly valued in his time and still used in modern building construction and furniture making. No photograph of Olowe has been located, but his oriki, or chanted attributes, claims that he was handsome and so strong that he could carve iroko wood "as though it were as soft as a calabash."
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Concourse
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
Visitor Tag(s):

Sunnyside [photoprint]

Creator:
National Historic Landmark
Irving, Washington
Sleepy Hollow Restorations
Bolton, Robert, Rev
Van Tassel, Baltus
Hewitt, Arthur
Architect:
Harvey, George
Physical description:
1 photoprint: b&w, 3 x 5 in
Type:
Projected media
Place:
United States of America, New York, Westchester County, Greenburgh, Tarrytown
New York (State)
Tarrytown
Date:
1909
03/30/1909
Topic:
Spring
Porticoes
Wisteria
Dogs
Men
Local number:
NY140004
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
Visitor Tag(s):

Men Before Banquet Table [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin d. 1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 18 cm. x 12.8 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1900
Topic:
Clothing and dress
Headgear
Rites and ceremonies
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.16.08
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Summary:
- Handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "1029."
- Handwritten information on slip of paper (from a 1943-1944 cash book, produced by the Bathni Brothers, Tehran) reads, "Nasr ed Din + Court." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information]
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 16.8: Nasr ud Din and court." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Field Work in Nigeria: Two young Men with Necklace and Camera in Hand

Creator:
Turner, Lorenzo Dow 1890-1972
Subject:
Turner, Lorenzo Dow
Physical description:
1 photographic negative : b&w; 35mm
Type:
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951
Topic:
Portrait photography
Clothing and dress
Headdresses--headgear
Local number:
ACMA LDT-N-R36-1174
Notes:
Title is provided by ACMA Archives staff based on researcher's notes
Cite as:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
See more items in:
Sub-series 5.4.1: Research: Africa
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Series 5: Photographs ca 1890-1974
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers 1895-1972
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

[Profile of Croatan man] 1911

Creator:
Gill, De Lancey W
Physical description:
glass negative
Culture:
Croatan
Lumbee Indians
Indians of North America Southern States
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1911
Local number:
BAE GN 866 B
Cite as:
BAE GN 866 B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Glass Negatives of Indians (Collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology) 1850s-1930s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

[Photograph marked "Regal" in a scrapbook : black and white photoprint]

Subject:
Flores Yo-yo Corporation
Duncan Yo-Yo Company
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper
1 item, 1.5" x 1"
Culture:
Filipino Americans 1920-1940
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1920
1940
Ca. 1920-1940
1920-1940
Topic:
Toys
Yo-yos
Filipino American businesspeople
Local number:
AC0807-0000004.tif (AC Scan)
Notes:
In Box 27, Folder 1
Summary:
"Regal" may be Pedro Flores, a Filipino American largely responsible for the popularity of the yo-yo in the United States beginning in the 1920s; founded Flores Yo-yo Company; photographer unidentified
Cite as:
Duncan Family Yo-yo Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan Family Yo-yo Collection
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Mr. Martiniano do Bomfim of Bahia, Brazil.

Medium:
1 photographic print : gelatin silver
Culture:
Afro-Brazilian
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1940-1941
Credit Line:
Lorenzo Dow Turner Papers, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
Inventory Number:
PH2003.7064.111
Description:
Lorenzo Dow Turner (1890-1972), son of Rooks Turner and Elizabeth Freeman Turner, was born on August 21, 1890, in Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Recognized as the father of Gullah studies, the African American linguist received an A.B. in English from Howard University in 1914 (cum laude), an A.M. in English from Harvard University in 1917, and a Ph.D. in English from the University of Chicago in 1926.
Turner was one of the first scholars to recognize the importance of documenting the Gullah-speaking communities in South Carolina and Georgia. His pioneering field work and research there and in Brazil and Nigeria provided an intellectual foundation for later scholars interested in studying African American culture and the survival of elements of African culture in the western hemisphere.
This image is among several taken by Turner during his research within various Afro-Brazilian communities.
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Six Zulu Men with Spears, Eating Meal Around Metal Kettle Over Campfire Between Two Trees in Open Field n.d

Physical description:
1 photoprint 005 in x 004 in mounted on 005 in x 004 in
Culture:
Zulu (African people)
Type:
Photographs
Date:
nd
Local number:
NAA INV 06063100
Cite as:
DOE Africa: So Africa: Zulu: Postcards: People 06063100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photograph collection ca. 1860s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Theodore M. Sullivan posing next to car

Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 3 x 4.5 in
Culture:
African American
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston, (Mass.)
United States
Date:
1920
Topic:
African American men
Automobiles--1910-1920
Local number:
ACMA PH2005.7002.047
Cite as:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers 1860-1994 bulk 1920-1960
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

[Half-length portrait, man holding a hat in his left-hand]

Medium:
1 photographic print : albumen
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photograph
Credit Line:
Benjamin Layton Collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton
Inventory Number:
PH2004.7007.29
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

[Full-length portrait, man wearing flower on his suit jacket]

Creator:
Hatch Studio
Medium:
1 photographic print : albumen
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photograph
Credit Line:
Benjamin Layton Collection, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution Archives, gift of Benjamin Layton
Inventory Number:
PH2004.7007.41
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Howard University, Varsity Debating Team, center position, Lorenzo Dow Turner

Creator:
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964
Medium:
1 photographic print : gelatin silver
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1913
Credit Line:
Lorenzo Dow Turner Papers, Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
Inventory Number:
PH2003.7064.040
Description:
Lorenzo Dow Turner (1890-1972), son of Rooks Turner and Elizabeth Freeman Turner, was born on August 21, 1890, in Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Recognized as the father of Gullah studies, the African American linguist received an A.B. in English from Howard University in 1914 (cum laude), an A.M. in English from Harvard University in 1917, and a Ph.D. in English from the University of Chicago in 1926.
Turner was one of the first scholars to recognize the importance of documenting the Gullah-speaking communities in South Carolina and Georgia. His pioneering field work and research there and in Brazil and Nigeria provided an intellectual foundation for later scholars interested in studying African American culture and the survival of elements of African culture in the western hemisphere.
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Basketball team

Photographer:
Jackson, Frank R. , 1908 - 2007
Medium:
1 photographic print : gelatin silver
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photograph
Date:
circa 1943 - 1949
Credit Line:
Henry Bazemore Collection of Frederick Douglass Dwellings Photographs, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Inventory Number:
PH2009.7008.09
Description:
Built as temporary housing for World War II workers, the Frederick Douglass Dwellings were located on land previously owned by Tobias Henson, a former slave, who, after purchasing his freedom and that of his family, purchased and developed a 24-acre tract called The Ridge. Henson added to his landholdings and by the 1870s his family was the principal landholder in the black community of Stantontown; they remained on the land until the 1940s, when the federal government condemned the community to build the Frederick Douglass Dwellings. Deemed uninhabitable in 1998 and left vacant, the Frederick Douglass Dwellings were demolished in 2000 to make way for a new mixed-income community.
The collection, dated circa 1940s, documents the lives and activities of the residents of the Frederick Douglass Dwellings.
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
Visitor Tag(s):

Ales Hrdlicka Photographs 1912-1917

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum exhibits
Royal College of Surgeons, London bone specimens
Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum bone specimens
American Museum of Natural History bone specimens
Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.)
Physical description:
595 items
Culture:
Mongols
Dakota Indians depicted
Hopi Indians depicted
Navajo Indians depicted
Osage Indians depicted
Pueblo Indians depicted
Omaha Indians depicted
Indians of North America Great Plains
Indians of North America Southwest, New
Apache Indians
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912-1917
Topic:
Dress--Apache
Dwellings--Pueblo
Dance--Pueblo
Physical anthropology
Summary:
The lot, mostly glass and film negatives, seems to center around Hrdlickaʹs work of 1912-1914 which involved his own activities or activities of assistants on behalf of the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego. Included are images of Apaches of Oklahoma, Dakotas, Hopis, Navahos, Omahas, Osages, and Pueblo Indians. Many of the photographs were made in Urga in Mongolia. For the most part, the images are physical anthropological full-face and profile portraits ("mug shots")
There are also views of exhibits in the United States National Museum and copies of the work of other photographers. There are also several portraits of Apaches of Oklahoma that show the subjects full length in native dress. One series of southwestern photographs shows structures, a dance, and various activities of Pueblo Indians. In addition, some of the negatives are of physical anthropological bone specimens. Some show items from the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons in London. Others were made by Hrdlicka in 1917 and show specimens in the United States National Museum and in the American Museum of Natural History
Cite as:
Photo lot 73-26B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Additional Online Media:

Portrait of Theodore M. Sullivan

Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 6 x 4 in
Culture:
African American
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston, (Mass.)
United States
Date:
1925
Topic:
African American men
Portraits
Local number:
ACMA PH2005.7002.048
Cite as:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers 1860-1994 bulk 1920-1960
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Portrait of Lewis Sullivan

Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 6 x 4 in
Culture:
African American
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston, (Mass.)
United States
Date:
1942
Topic:
African American men
Portraits
Local number:
ACMA PH2005.7002.044
Cite as:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers 1860-1994 bulk 1920-1960
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Portrait of Earle L. Sullivan

Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 6 x 4 in
Culture:
African American
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Boston, (Mass.)
United States
Date:
1942
Topic:
African American men
Portraits
Local number:
ACMA PH2005.7002.041
Cite as:
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper
See more items in:
Sullivan family papers 1860-1994 bulk 1920-1960
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Sam Polite [Gullah informant] repairing a fish net on St. Helena Island, S.C

Creator:
Turner, Lorenzo Dow 1890-1972
Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 3.5 x 2.5 in
Culture:
African American
Gullahs
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
United States of America, South Carolina, Frogmore
South Carolina
United States
Date:
1931
1931-1933
Topic:
African American men
Local number:
ACMA PH2003.7064.305
Summary:
Lorenzo Dow Turner took this image while doing research in the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina and Georgia between 1931 and 1933
Cite as:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
See more items in:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers 1895-1972
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Gullah man riding a bull

Creator:
Turner, Lorenzo Dow 1890-1972
Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 3.5 x 2.5 in
Culture:
African American
Gullahs
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
United States
Date:
1931
1931-1933
Topic:
African American men
Local number:
ACMA PH2003.7064.316
Summary:
Lorenzo Dow Turner took this image while doing research in the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina and Georgia between 1931 and 1933
Cite as:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
See more items in:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers 1895-1972
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Gullah man standing by tree

Creator:
Turner, Lorenzo Dow 1890-1972
Physical description:
1 photographic print: black and white, 3.5 x 2.5 in
Culture:
African American
Gullahs
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
United States
Date:
1931
1931-1933
Topic:
African American men
Local number:
ACMA PH2003.7064.317
Summary:
Lorenzo Dow Turner took this image while doing research in the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina and Georgia between 1931 and 1933
Cite as:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
See more items in:
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers 1895-1972
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

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