Max Roach -- NYC [black-and-white photoprint,] 1950
Leonard, Herman 1923-2010
Roach, Max 1924-2007
Silver gelatin on paper
Roach is shown playing the drums in a recording studio. Title, signature, date in lower margin.
Used April 27, 2010, on the Smithsonian Photographic Initiative web site, "click! photography changes everything" (http://click.si.edu) to accompany contributor Jeremy Wolfe's (a professor at Harvard School of Medicine who investigates visual attention) story, which reflects on how photography changes what and how much we remember
Herman Leonard Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artist
Stretcher: 132.7 x 168.3 x 3.8cm (52 1/4 x 66 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 137.2 x 172.7 x 5.4cm (54 x 68 x 2 1/8")
Dizzy Gillespie: American\African American
In the early 1940s, the young jazz trumpet player Dizzy Gillespie began meeting with several other musicians, including Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker, at a New York City nightclub to explore a new form of musical expression. Out of these sessions came the infectious energy of bebop, with Gillespie as one of its pioneers and eventually its elder statesman. Aimed at evolving jazz out of its earlier swing mode, the new music initially offended some jazz traditionalists but ultimately found a niche in the popular-music mainstream. In the 1970s a critic proclaimed Gillespie "the world's greatest trumpet [player] in or out of jazz." His interest in African American culture is reflected in this portrait, where artist Marc Klionsky-following conversations with the musician about his heritage-flanked Gillespie with African masks.
Frame: 71.9 x 56.7 x 3.2 cm (28 5/16 x 22 5/16 x 1 1/4")
Ella Fitzgerald: American\African American
Ella Fitzgerald entered a Harlem talent contest in the mid-1930s, intending to do a dance. On stage, however, her legs froze, and in desperation she launched into song. Her fallback alternative proved good enough to win the contest, and so began a singing career that would make Fitzgerald the "First Lady of Song." Blessed with a voice capable of seamlessly spanning three octaves, Fitzgerald soon perfected her remarkable gifts for vocal improvisation, known as "scat" singing. Her "songbook" recordings of American standards, made from 1956 to 1964, are the definitive tributes to Cole Porter, Duke Ellington, and others. Fitzgerald's respectful understanding of a composer's intentions made these songwriters some of her most ardent fans. "I never knew how good our songs were," lyricist Ira Gershwin once said, "until I heard Ella Fitzgerald sing them."
Ella Fitzgerald: Female
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
With Base: 52.7 x 25.4 x 28.9cm (20 3/4 x 10 x 11 3/8")
Without Base: 37.5 x 25.4 x 28.9cm (14 3/4 x 10 x 11 3/8")
Base: 15.2 x 15.2cm (6 x 6")
United States\New York\Kings\New York
A pioneering figure in twentieth-century American music, Aaron Copland first rooted his work in jazz during the 1920s to showcase its divergence from European traditions. By the thirties, he used the flourishing mass media of radio and movies to create a large music-loving audience with film scores for Of Mice and Men and The Heiress, for which he won an Academy Award in 1949. Copland also composed scores for such ballets as Agnes de Mille's Billy the Kid and Martha Graham's Appalachian Spring, winning a Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for the latter. His symphonic compositions include A Lincoln Portrait and Fanfare for the Common Man.