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Dizzy Gillespie [ca. 1984-1990 : black-and-white photoprint]

Donor:
Bress, Chuck
Bress, Pat
Subject:
Gillespie, Dizzy 1917-1993
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on paper, unmounted
1 item, 8-7/8" 13-1/4" image on 11" x 14" paper
Culture:
African Americans
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
2008
ca 1984-1990
1950-2000
1980-1990
Topic:
Trumpet
Jazz musicians
Local number:
AC1219-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment
Summary:
Gillespie playing trumpet.
Cite as:
Dizzy Gillespie, ca. 1984-1990, by Pat and Chuck Bress. Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs, ca. 1984-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artists
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Pat and Chuck Bress Jazz Portrait Photographs, ca. 1984-1990
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Visitor Tag(s):

Benny Goodman

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Benny Goodman, 30 May 1909 - 13 Jun 1986
Medium:
Pencil and gouache
Dimensions:
Image: 37.2 x 20.5 cm (14 5/8 x 8 1/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1941
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Caricature
Music\Musical instrument\Clarinet
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Clarinet
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.85.202
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ella Fitzgerald

Artist:
Stephen Longstreet, 18 Apr 1907 - 20 Feb 2002
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 24.8 × 21.6 cm (9 3/4 × 8 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1975
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Stephen Longstreet
Object number:
NPG.87.278
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Cab Calloway

Artist:
Walt Disney Studios, founded 1922
Animator:
Robert Stokes
Sitter:
Cab Calloway, 25 Dec 1907 - 18 Nov 1994
Medium:
Pencil and colored pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 17.7cm x 14.6cm (6 15/16" x 5 3/4")
Sheet: 25.5cm x 30.5cm (10 1/16" x 12")
Type:
Drawing
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\Los Angeles\Hollywood
Date:
c. 1938
Topic:
Cab Calloway: Literature\Writer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer
Cab Calloway: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Miriam and Stuart Reisbord
Object number:
NPG.93.307
Rights:
© Disney Enterprises, Inc.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Oscar Levant

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Oscar Levant, 1906 - 1972
Medium:
Black conte on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 23.2 × 33.2 cm (9 1/8 × 13 1/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1943
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie
Oscar Levant: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Oscar Levant: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Oscar Levant: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.84.42
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ornette Coleman

Artist:
Elaine de Kooning, 12 Mar 1918 - 1 Feb 1989
Sitter:
Ornette Coleman, 9 Mar 1930 - 11 Jun 2015
Medium:
Graphite with stumping on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.2cm x 23.2cm (11 7/8" x 9 1/8")
Sheet: 34.5cm x 28cm (13 9/16" x 11")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1965
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Saxophonist
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Ornette Coleman: Pulitzer Prize
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.195
Rights:
© Elaine de Kooning Trust
Exhibition Label:
Ornette Coleman #1
At some point in the mid-1960s, Elaine, who had always been fond of jazz, made a series of drawings of Ornette Coleman (born 1930) with his saxophone. The album Free Jazz (1961) by the Ornette Coleman Double Quartet—with its lengthy track and freewheeling, atonal, and discordant sound—changed the shape of jazz.
Through erasure, stumping, and improvisational graphite lines, Elaine created drawings that capture Coleman’s likeness while giving a visual sense of jazz’s rhythm and movement. She made at least three likenesses: this improvisational sketch, a drawing focused entirely on Coleman’s disembodied head (displayed to the right), and a more finished image that includes Coleman’s hands and his saxophone (in a private collection).
En algún momento de mediados de los sesenta, Elaine, eterna aficionada del jazz, hizo una serie de dibujos de Ornette Coleman (nacido en 1930) con su saxofón. El álbum Free Jazz (1961) del Ornette Coleman Double Quartet, con sus largas pistas y su sonido libre, atonal y discordante, cambió el rumbo del jazz.
Valiéndose de borraduras, difuminados y líneas improvisadas en grafito, Elaine creó dibujos que captan la imagen de Coleman y transmiten una sensación visual del ritmo y el movimiento del jazz. Hizo por lo menos tres retratos: este boceto improvisado, un dibujo de la cabeza sin cuerpo de Coleman (mostrado a la derecha) y una imagen más terminada que incluye las manos y el saxofón (ahora en una colección privada).
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Elaine de Kooning: Portraits
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 250
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Dizzy Gillespie

Artist:
Stephen Longstreet, 18 Apr 1907 - 20 Feb 2002
Sitter:
Dizzy Gillespie, 21 Oct 1917 - 6 Jan 1993
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 26.8 × 20.5 cm (10 9/16 × 8 1/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1978
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Stephen Longstreet
Object number:
NPG.87.279
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Roy Eldridge

Artist:
Stephen Longstreet, 18 Apr 1907 - 20 Feb 2002
Sitter:
Roy Eldridge, 30 Jan 1911 - 26 Feb 1989
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 27.9 × 21.6 cm (11 × 8 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1970
Topic:
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet
Roy Eldridge: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Stephen Longstreet
Object number:
S/NPG.87.285
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Popular Song Composers

Artist:
Al Hirschfeld, 21 Jun 1903 - 21 Jan 2003
Sitter:
Richard Rodgers, 28 Jun 1902 - 30 Dec 1979
Lorenz Milton Hart, 2 May 1895 - 22 Nov 1943
Cole Porter, 9 Jun 1892 - 15 Oct 1964
Harold Arlen, 15 Feb 1905 - 23 Apr 1986
Dorothy Fields, 15 Jul 1905 - 28 Mar 1974
Jerome Kern, 27 Jan 1885 - 11 Nov 1945
Johnny Mercer, 19 Nov 1909 - 25 Jun 1976
Ira Gershwin, 6 Dec 1896 - 17 Aug 1983
Irving Berlin, 11 May 1888 - 22 Sep 1989
Hoagy Carmichael, 22 Nov 1899 - 20 Dec 1981
George Gershwin, 26 Sep 1898 - 11 Jul 1937
Duke Ellington, 29 Apr 1899 - 24 May 1974
Medium:
Ink over pencil on illustration board
Dimensions:
Image/Board: 60.9cm x 50.4cm (24" x 19 13/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1983
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace\Pearl
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigar
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Pipe
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Duke Ellington: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Duke Ellington: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Cole Porter: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Cole Porter: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Cole Porter: Oscar
Richard Rodgers: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Richard Rodgers: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Richard Rodgers: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Richard Rodgers: Pulitzer Prize
Richard Rodgers: Oscar
Hoagy Carmichael: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Hoagy Carmichael: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Hoagy Carmichael: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Hoagy Carmichael: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Hoagy Carmichael: Oscar
Lorenz Milton Hart: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Harold Arlen: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Harold Arlen: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular
Harold Arlen: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Harold Arlen: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Arranger
Harold Arlen: Oscar
Dorothy Fields: Education\Educator\Teacher
Dorothy Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Dorothy Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular
Dorothy Fields: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Dorothy Fields: Oscar
Jerome Kern: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Jerome Kern: Oscar
Johnny Mercer: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Johnny Mercer: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular
Johnny Mercer: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Johnny Mercer: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Johnny Mercer: Oscar
George Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
George Gershwin: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist
George Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
George Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
George Gershwin: Congressional Gold Medal
Ira Gershwin: Visual Arts\Artist
Ira Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Ira Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Ira Gershwin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Lyricist
Ira Gershwin: Pulitzer Prize
Ira Gershwin: Congressional Gold Medal
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Irving Berlin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Irving Berlin: Military and Intelligence\Army
Irving Berlin: Oscar
Irving Berlin: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Irving Berlin: Congressional Gold Medal
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.323
Rights:
© Al Hirschfeld. Art reproduced by special arrangement with Hirschfeld's exclusive representative, the Margo Feiden Galleries, Ltd., New York.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Benny Goodman

Artist:
Burton Philip Silverman, born 11 Jun 1928
Sitter:
Benny Goodman, 30 May 1909 - 13 Jun 1986
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
image: 40.4cm x 35.6cm (15 7/8" x 14"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1977
Topic:
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Clarinet
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Irving and Frances Phillips
Object number:
NPG.89.227
Rights:
© Burton Philip Silverman / Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ethel Waters

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Ethel Waters, 1896 - 1977
Medium:
Pencil, ink and gouache on board
Dimensions:
Sheet: 15.1 × 15.6 cm (5 15/16 × 6 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1940
Topic:
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Pipe
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool
Caricature
Ethel Waters: Literature\Writer
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Blues
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.85.194
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Lester Young

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Lester Willis Young, 27 Aug 1909 - 15 Mar 1959
Medium:
Crayon on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 23.1 × 32 cm (9 1/8 × 12 5/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1945
Topic:
Caricature
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone
Lester Willis Young: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Saxophonist
Lester Willis Young: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.85.199
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Fats Waller

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964
Sitter:
Fats Waller, 1904 - 1943
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
20cm x 17.1cm (7 7/8" x 6 3/4"), Image
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1941
Topic:
None
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Fats Waller: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.37
Rights:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Louis Armstrong

Artist:
Ben Shahn, 12 Sep 1898 - 14 Mar 1969
Sitter:
Louis Armstrong, 4 Aug 1901 - 6 Jul 1971
Medium:
Gouache on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 30.9 x 25.3cm (12 3/16 x 9 15/16")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1956
Topic:
Louis Armstrong: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Louis Armstrong: Performing Arts\Performer\Comedian
Louis Armstrong: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Louis Armstrong: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Louis Armstrong: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2006.32
Rights:
© Estate of Ben Shahn/ Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
Exhibition Label:
Ben Shahn's 1956 drawing is one of a series commissioned by Edward R. Murrow and CBS producer Fred Friendly for a documentary on the legendary trumpeter, singer, and bandleader Louis Armstrong. Shahn had recently represented the United States at the Venice Biennale and been asked to give a prestigious series of lectures at Harvard. Armstrong was hitting even greater peaks of international renown. Performing in Europe in 1956, Armstrong and his band were sent by CBS on a historic side trip to Africa. In May Armstrong received worldwide attention performing for a huge crowd in Accra, Ghana. The African visit was an exhilarating experience for Armstrong, who felt especially connected to the Ghanaian people. Murrow's documentary was first edited for a television show and then released by United Artists as the documentary film Satchmo the Great (1957).
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Fatha Hines

Artist:
Al Hirschfeld, 21 Jun 1903 - 21 Jan 2003
Sitter:
Earl Kenneth Hines, 1905 - 1983
Medium:
Ink and watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 37.5 x 53.2cm (14 3/4 x 20 15/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28") Horizontal
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1979
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigar
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Scarf
Earl Kenneth Hines: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist
Earl Kenneth Hines: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2010.61
Rights:
© Al Hirschfeld. Art reproduced by special arrangement with Hirschfeld's exclusive representative, the Margo Feiden Galleries, Ltd., New York.
Exhibition Label:
Born Duquesne, Pennsylvania
Al Hirschfeld’s drawing of Earl “Fatha” Hines is a variant of the one published on the cover of Stereo Review in February 1980, when the jazz pianist was awarded the magazine’s annual Certificate of Merit for outstanding contributions to the quality of American musical life. Stanley Dance, credited with reviving Hines’s career in 1964, noted in his accompanying article that “for more than fifty years Hines has been famous for the independence of his two hands.” Jazz commentators marveled at Hines’s ability to establish a separate rhythm and melody with his left hand rather than just keeping the beat. On one occasion, while listening to a playback, Hines himself commented that “the left hand got away from the right.” Through the double-imaging of the hands and the long flexible fingers, Hirschfeld, a jazz aficionado himself, conveys independence, movement, and speed.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Ethel Waters

Artist:
Beauford Delaney, 1901 - 1979
Sitter:
Ethel Waters, 1896 - 1977
Medium:
Pastel on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 65 x 49.6 cm (25 9/16 x 19 1/2")
Frame: 90.5 × 75 cm (35 5/8 × 29 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1940
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Earring
Ethel Waters: Literature\Writer
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz
Ethel Waters: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Blues
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; purchase partially supported through the generosity of the Abraham and Virginia Weiss Charitable Trust, Amy and Marc Meadows; and Jewell Robinson
Object number:
NPG.2011.7
Exhibition Label:
Born Chester, Pennsylvania
African American artist Beauford Delaney first gained a reputation in New York City in the 1930s with distinctive pastel portraits like this image of blues singer and actress Ethel Waters. New York, Delaney claimed, “had a rhythm as distinct as the beating of a human heart. . . . I paint people, . . .and in their faces I hope to discover that odd, mysterious rhythm.” The artist’s passion for jazz and blues took him frequently to the nightclubs of Harlem and Greenwich Village, where he began making portraits of the musicians he met, including Waters, W. C. Handy, Duke Ellington, and Louis Armstrong. Waters, who already had a busy recording, touring, and Broadway career, was a particular favorite. After hearing one performance, Delaney wrote that she made him “proud to be a Negro.” He and his protégé, James Baldwin, would often listen to, and sing along with, her music.
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
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Dizzy Gillespie

Artist:
Marc Klionsky, born 1927
Sitter:
Dizzy Gillespie, 21 Oct 1917 - 6 Jan 1993
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 132.7 x 168.3 x 3.8cm (52 1/4 x 66 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 137.2 x 172.7 x 5.4cm (54 x 68 x 2 1/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1988
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace
Interior
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet
Artwork\Sculpture\Statue
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Mask
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Estate of Aron Chilewich
Object number:
NPG.93.475
Rights:
© 1988, Marc Klionsky
Exhibition Label:
In the early 1940s, the young jazz trumpet player Dizzy Gillespie began meeting with several other musicians, including Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker, at a New York nightclub to explore a new form of musical expression. Out of these sessions came the infectious energy of bebop, with Gillespie as one of its pioneers and eventually its elder statesman. Aimed at evolving jazz out of its earlier swing mode, the new music initially offended some jazz traditionalists but ultimately found a niche in the popular-music mainstream. In the 1970s a critic proclaimed Gillespie "the world's greatest trumpet [player] in or out of jazz." His interest in African American culture is reflected in this portrait, where artist Marc Klionsky-following conversations with the musician about his heritage-flanked Gillespie with African masks.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Bravo!
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 322 Mezzanine
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Benny Goodman

Artist:
René Robert Bouché, 20 Sep 1905 - Jul 1963
Sitter:
Benny Goodman, 30 May 1909 - 13 Jun 1986
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 101.6 x 81.9 x 3.8cm (40 x 32 1/4 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 112.1 x 91.8 x 7.6cm (44 1/8 x 36 1/8 x 3")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1960
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Ring
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Lamp
Music\Sheet music
Music\Musical instrument\Clarinet
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Clarinet
Benny Goodman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the daughters of Benny Goodman - Benjie Goodman Lasseau and Rachel Goodman Edelson
Object number:
NPG.89.1
Rights:
© Denise Bouche Fitch
Exhibition Label:
Dubbed "the King of Swing" after a riotously successful concert at Hollywood's Palomar Ballroom in 1935, Benny Goodman took swing music into the cultural stratosphere with his band's distinctive, pulsating sound. In 1938 he brought jazz to Carnegie Hall in a legendary concert that showcased virtuoso performances of "Sing, Sing, Sing," "Stompin' at the Savoy," and "Don't Be That Way." Goodman was also in the forefront of desegregating jazz, bringing such musicians as vibraphonist Lionel Hampton and pianist Teddy Wilson into his orchestra at a time when mainstream jazz was defined by black and white barriers. In the 1950s and 1960s, he toured extensively, bringing the Swing era sound to new generations. He received a Kennedy Center Honors award in 1982.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Bravo!
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 310 Mezzanine
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Lionel Hampton

Artist:
Frederick J. Brown, 1945 - 2012
Sitter:
Lionel Hampton, 20 Apr 1908 - 31 Aug 2002
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 244.2 x 182.9 x 4.8cm (96 1/8 x 72 x 1 7/8")
Frame: 253.7 x 197.8 x 7cm (99 7/8 x 77 7/8 x 2 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1997
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie
Lionel Hampton: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani on behalf of the People of New York
Object number:
NPG.97.39
Rights:
© 1997, Frederick J. Brown
Exhibition Label:
Lionel Hampton began his musical career as a drummer until Louis Armstrong encouraged him to take up the vibraphone in the early 1930s. Hampton introduced that instrument to the jazz idiom and came to the attention of Benny Goodman in 1936. When Goodman formed the Benny Goodman Quartet, Hampton played "vibes" and went on to direct the group's recordings of such favorites as "Dinah" and "Exactly Like You." In 1940 Goodman disbanded the quartet, and Hampton struck out on his own, incorporating such musicians as Charles Mingus, Quincy Jones, and Charlie Parker into the Lionel Hampton Orchestra. Among the top bands in the country, the orchestra played all the popular clubs, as well as Carnegie Hall and Harlem's Apollo Theatre. Hampton's high-energy spontaneity was legendary: "We got no routine," he once said. "We just act the way the spirit moves us."
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Bravo!
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 322 Mezzanine
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

Ornette Coleman

Artist:
Frederick J. Brown, 1945 - 2012
Sitter:
Ornette Coleman, 9 Mar 1930 - 11 Jun 2015
Medium:
Oil and charcoal on linen
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 121.9 x 101.6cm (48 x 40")
Frame: 124.5 x 105.4 x 7cm (49 x 41 1/2 x 2 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1992
Topic:
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Saxophonist
Ornette Coleman: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz
Ornette Coleman: Pulitzer Prize
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Joel and Sherry Mallin and Sebastienne and Bentley Brown
Object number:
NPG.2006.112
Rights:
© 1992, Frederick J. Brown
Exhibition Label:
Born Fort Worth, Texas
For both his musical virtuosity on alto saxophone and his compositions, Ornette Coleman is one of the major forces in American music in the late twentieth century. Like painter Jackson Pollock and writer Walt Whitman, who rejected traditional forms as too constrictive for human expression, Coleman broke with existing jazz diction, creating a raw sound that seemed to deliberately avoid the musical scale in favor of "playing in the cracks." In 1959, Coleman's quartet produced The Shape of Jazz to Come, a musical manifesto that was the aural equivalent of Pollock's abstract expressionism. Coleman disavowed the idea that "free jazz," as his music was called, was pure improvisation, maintaining that careful planning went into each composition. In the 1970s Coleman moved into jazz funk, using electrified instruments. He is still a prolific musician, and his album Sound Grammar won the Pulitzer Prize for music in 2007.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
Visitor Tag(s):

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