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United States, 20 Dollars, 1907

Obverse designer:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.450 g
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1907
Description:
In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to lead an effort to redesign American coinage. Saint-Gaudens developed a design for what many consider the most beautiful American coin ever conceived. Unfortunately, the coin required multiple strikes to produce, even when its ultra-high relief design was reduced to a lower relief.
Deciding how to modify the coin so it could be produced in large quantities with a single strike in a high speed press was left to the Mint's Chief Engraver, Charles E. Barber. In effect, he told President Roosevelt to make a choice. He could have artistry in small quantities or mediocrity in large amounts.
If he chose the first, Americans would have beautiful money that few would ever see. If he opted for the second, Americans would have as much money as they needed, even though it might be merely pretty rather than beautiful. Roosevelt likely felt he had little choice: the purpose of coinage is commercial first, anything else second. And so one can imagine him being upset, but accepting low relief to facilitate an increase in production.
The first of the redesigned coins was struck in December 1907. It was easily distinguished from earlier versions: not only was there a radical difference in the coins' relief, but even the date had been altered. Saint-Gaudens's ultra high relief and Hering's high relief coins bore the date in Roman numerals (MCMVII). Barber's version featured Arabic numerals (1907). Thus amended, the new double eagles would continue to be struck through the beginning of 1933.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.1266
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1266
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

People's Choice Twelfth President

Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845
William Henry Harrison, 9 Feb 1773 - 4 Apr 1841
James Knox Polk, 2 Nov 1795 - 15 Jun 1849
John Tyler, 29 Mar 1790 - 18 Jan 1862
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826
Zachary Taylor, 24 Nov 1784 - 9 Jul 1850
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 91.4 x 66 cm (36 x 26")
Type:
Print
Date:
1848
Topic:
George Washington: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Revolution
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
George Washington: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\General
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Andrew Jackson: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\General
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution
James Knox Polk: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\President of US
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee
John Adams: Literature\Writer
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Diplomat
William Henry Harrison: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\General
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana
William Henry Harrison: Congressional Gold Medal
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Monroe: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Revolution
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
James Monroe: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Captain
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
John Tyler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Tyler: Politics and Government\President of US
John Tyler: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\State Legislator\West Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Zachary Taylor: Politics and Government\President of US
Zachary Taylor: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\War of 1812
Zachary Taylor: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Mexican War
Zachary Taylor: Congressional Gold Medal
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.3
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 240
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

United States, 20 Dollars, 1908 (Matte Proof)

Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.449 g
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1908
Description:
In 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to lead an effort to redesign American coinage. Saint-Gaudens developed a design that many consider the most beautiful American coin ever conceived. The Mint's Chief Engraver, Charles E. Barber, opposed the project, but ultimately developed a low-relief version of the Saint-Gaudens design that became the standard American $20 coin.
Barber was not averse to experimentation. He simply believed it had to be kept within fairly close bounds, and under the Mint's control. It would also help if there was profit involved. Instead of experimenting with relief, Barber tried modifying the finish of the Saint-Gaudens coin design. In one test, a "Roman Gold" finish was devised, imparting a glowing, golden surface to coins that would otherwise have a slight reddish sheen about them, from the copper added to the mixture to make the coins wear better.
No records of how this special finish was applied have survived; but a good guess would be that a light layer of pure gold dust was applied to both surfaces of the coin blank before striking. The force of the press would bond the dust to the blank as the blank was coined. In another test that yielded the coin shown here, Barber developed a "Matte" finish. In this case, the coin was likely struck first (more than once, in order to fully bring up what relief there was), and then "pickled," or etched in dilute acid.
The result was a coin of a vaguely medallic appearance, without all the work entailed in multiple striking. In addition to testing a concept, this experiment was directed at producing a few specialized coins that could be sold to collectors at inflated prices.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.1285
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1285
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Political History: National Numismatic Collection
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 (Ultra High Relief Pattern)

Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: .4 cm x 3.4 cm; 5/32 in x 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1907
Description:
In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to redesign American coinage. As Saint-Gaudens began work on the project, there was never any possibility that he would restrict himself to well-traveled artistic paths. Playing it safe was against his nature and that of the president for whom he toiled.
As a result of Saint-Gaudens's vision and Roosevelt's persistence, Americans got their most beautiful double eagle, one of the most artistic pieces of money ever struck. Instead of a head or a static, seated goddess, Saint-Gaudens's Lady Liberty strides towards us, the dawn at her back. She represents the morning of the Republic, full of possibilities and hope.
She bears a torch in her right hand, an olive branch in her left: offerings of freedom and peace. The law said that Saint-Gaudens had to use an eagle for his reverse design, and so he did. But what an eagle! Nothing like it had ever been seen before. The naturalistic bird, in such high relief that it threatens to soar out of the circular space that seeks to enclose it, is all movement and grace.
Saint-Gaudens and his patron surely knew that this coin was impossible to make in mass quantities. The high relief came at a high price: it took nine blows from the hydraulic coining press to strike each one. Charles E. Barber, the Mint's chief engraver, strenuously objected out of jealousy, but he had a point.
This is no way to make money for mass circulation. But to Roosevelt and Saint-Gaudens, the chief engraver and other critics lacked vision. This ultra-high relief double eagle was intended to show what artistry and technology could do when afforded the chance. Fewer than two dozen of the ultra-high relief coins were minted, in February and March of 1907.
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Estate of Josiah K. Lilly
ID Number:
NU*283645.1028
Catalog number:
283645.1028
Accession number:
283645
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Exhibition:
The Value of Money
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Additional Online Media:

The Environment President

George Bush
Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935
Sitter:
George Herbert Walker Bush, born 12 Jun 1924
Medium:
India ink over pencil with opaque white
Dimensions:
Sheet: 29.6 x 44.5cm (11 5/8 x 17 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1989
Topic:
Exterior
Cartoon\Political
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\President of US
George Herbert Walker Bush: Military and Intelligence\CIA Director
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations
George Herbert Walker Bush: Military and Intelligence\Officer
George Herbert Walker Bush: Business and Industry\Business Executive\Oil
George Herbert Walker Bush: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Susan Corn Conway, in honor of Alan Fern, on behalf of Patrick Oliphant
Object number:
NPG.2002.112
Rights:
© Pat Oliphant
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

itinerary autographed by those on President Benjamin Harrison's Western tour of the United States to the Pacific Coast

Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Physical description:
Pamphlet : 6 p.
Type:
Printed/Published Materials
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's itinerary of President Benjamin Harrison's Western tour of the United States to the Pacific Coast signed by those present.
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)562
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

President Benjamin Harrison's ship arriving in Seattle during his Western tour of the United States

Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison's ship arriving in Seattle during his Western tour of the United States.
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)564
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

President Benjamin Harrison in Salt Lake City, Utah during his Western tour of the United States

Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison in Salt Lake City, Utah during his Western tour of the United States.
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)566
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

President Benjamin Harrison in Royal Gorge, Seattle, Wash. during his Western tour of the United States

Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 00 x 00 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison's train arriving in Royal Gorge, Seattle, Wash. during his Western tour of the United States.
Topic:
Presidents
Railroad travel
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)565
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Land Grant College Presidents with President Truman [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 4" x 5"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1946
1940-1950
Summary:
No ink on negative, no Scurlock number. Group of men (Land Grant College presidents) standing in front of a portion of the White House. Truman does not appear in this print. "9 ANSCO SAFETY FILM" edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
State universities and colleges
College presidents
African American college presidents
African Americans
Local number:
Box 618.04.72
AC0618.004.0000420.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

President William Howard Taft

Artist:
Alyn Williams, born Wrexham, Wales 1865-died 1955
Sitter:
William Howard Taft
Medium:
watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
sight 4 1/2 x 3 1/4 in. (11.4 x 8.3 cm) oval
Type:
Painting-Miniature
Date:
1910
Description:
William Howard Taft once said, “I don’t remember that I ever was President.” He believed that having been named chief justice of the United States was a greater accomplishment than having achieved the presidency. Taft served one term in the Oval Office, after which he became a professor at Yale University Law School. In 1913, Alyn Williams included this miniature of Taft in an exhibition at Moulton and Ricketts Galleries in New York City. While looking over the display, Williams noticed that five of the miniatures, including his portrait of Taft, were missing. When the gallery assured him they had never received the paintings, Williams retraced his steps in an attempt to find them. Exhausted and discouraged, the artist returned to his hotel room that evening only to find the paintings in his dresser drawer, just where he had left them. Conservation of this miniature was made possible through a generous grant provided by the Smithsonian Women’s Committee.
“One of the most uncomfortable four months of my life.” William Howard Taft, speaking of his 1908 presidential campaign, White House Web site
Topic:
Occupation\political\president
Portrait male\bust
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist
Object number:
1937.12.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Our Future President

Maker:
Kellogg & Bulkeley
Physical Description:
hand-colored (image production method/technique)
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 12 1/2 in x 9 in; 31.75 cm x 22.86 cm
overall: 14 1/2 in x 10 in; 36.83 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
lithograph
Object Type:
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Date made:
1867
Description:
Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.
These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.
This hand colored print is of a baby boy seated in an ornate black and gold carriage with four large wheels, leather convertable hood and large tassel hanging from the side. The baby's gown has embroidery, and a velvet coat is draped on carriage. The carriage is depicted in a landscape setting.
Kellogg & Bulkeley was the lithography firm formed from the partnership between Elijah Chapman Kellogg, Edmund Burke Kellogg, and William Henry Bulkeley. The firm was formed in 1867, and shortly after both Elijah Chapman Kellogg and his brother Edmund Burke Chapman retired. After their retirement the only Kellogg remaining in the business was Edmund’s son Charles Kellogg. By1871 the partnership between the Kellogg family and Bulkeley had been reorganized as an incorporated stock company. The company came to an end when is merged with Case, Lockwood, & Brainard to become Connecticut Printers in 1947. Connecticut Printers remained open until 1990 when the Kellogg lithography firm finally ended after 160 years.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Carriages
Children
Chronology: 1860-1869
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols
Clothing & Accessories
U.S. National Government, executive branch
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Peters Prints
Maker referenced; cited; illustrated:
Peters, Harry T.. America on Stone
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL*60.2241
Catalog number:
60.2241
Accession number:
228146
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Peters Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Washington--President's House

Artist:
Isidore Laurent Deroy, French, born Paris, France 1797-died Paris, France 1886
Copy after:
Augustus Kollner, born Stuttgart, Germany 1812-died Philadelphia, PA 1906
Publisher:
Goupil, Vibert and Company, founded New York City 1848
Printer:
Cattier, n.d.
Medium:
color lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 8 1/8 x 11 3/4 in. (20.5 x 29.8 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1848
Topic:
Figure(s) in exterior
Landscape\District of Columbia\Washington
Architecture Exterior\civic\White House
Landscape\road\Pennsylvania Avenue
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.48.62
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Portfolio of Eight Presidents

Thomas Jefferson
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Copy after:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828
Sitter:
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.4 x 25cm (11 15/16 x 9 13/16")
Sheet: 44.4 x 32.9cm (17 1/2 x 12 15/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1840
Topic:
Printed Material\Book
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Printed Material\Papers
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill
Home Furnishings\Curtain
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.84.221.3
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Portfolio of Eight Presidents

Andrew Jackson
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Copy after:
James Barton Longacre, 11 Aug 1794 - 1 Jan 1869
Sitter:
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.6 x 25.7cm (12 1/16 x 10 1/8")
Sheet: 44.4 x 32.3cm (17 1/2 x 12 11/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1840
Topic:
Printed Material\Book
Printed Material\Papers
Home Furnishings\Drape
Weapon\Sword
Architecture\Column
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Andrew Jackson: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\General
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.221.7
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Nixon's Shattered Presidency

Artist:
Walter Bennett, born 1921
Paul S. Conklin, c. 1929 - 2003
Sitter:
John Bayard Anderson, born 15 Feb 1922
John Jacob Rhodes, 18 Sep 1916 - 24 Aug 2003
Richard Schultz Schweiker, 1 Jun 1926 - 31 Jul 2015
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr., 11 Nov 1900 - 21 Jul 1994
Medium:
Photos
Dimensions:
49.5cm x 39.4cm (19 1/2" x 15 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1974
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses
Printed Material\Newspaper
John Bayard Anderson: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate
John Bayard Anderson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
John Jacob Rhodes: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minority Leader
John Jacob Rhodes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Arizona
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Business and Industry\Business Executive
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Health and Human Services
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist
Richard Schultz Schweiker: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Seaman
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC647
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Candidates for the Presidency

Abraham Lincoln; Hannibal Hamlin; Edward Everett; John Bell; Joseph Lane; Herschel Vespasian Johnson; Stephen Arnold Douglas; John Cabell Breckinridge
Artist:
Charles DeForest Fredricks, 11 Dec 1823 - 25 May 1894
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
Hannibal Hamlin, 27 Aug 1809 - 4 Jul 1891
Edward Everett, 11 Apr 1794 - 15 Jan 1865
John Bell, 15 Feb 1797 - 10 Sep 1869
Joseph Lane, 14 Dec 1801 - 19 Apr 1881
Herschel Vespasian Johnson, 18 Sep 1812 - 16 Aug 1880
Stephen Arnold Douglas, 23 Apr 1813 - 3 Jun 1861
John Cabell Breckinridge, 15 Jan 1821 - 17 May 1875
Medium:
Salted paper print
Dimensions:
Image/sheet: 18.7 x 13.2 cm. (7 3/8 x 5 3/16 in.)
Mount: 34 x 26.4 cm. (13 3/8 x 10 3/8 in.)
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1860
Topic:
John Bell: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Bell: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate
John Bell: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
John Bell: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
John Bell: Politics and Government\State Senator\Tennessee
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Illinois
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
Stephen Arnold Douglas: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Illinois
John Cabell Breckinridge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Cabell Breckinridge: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate
John Cabell Breckinridge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Cabell Breckinridge: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Civil War
John Cabell Breckinridge: Business and Industry\Business Executive\Railroad
John Cabell Breckinridge: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War\Confederate Secretary of War
John Cabell Breckinridge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Kentucky
John Cabell Breckinridge: Politics and Government\US Senator\Kentucky
Joseph Lane: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer
Joseph Lane: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Joseph Lane: Politics and Government\US Senator\Oregon
Joseph Lane: Politics and Government\Governor\Oregon
Joseph Lane: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Indiana
Joseph Lane: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Delegate
Hannibal Hamlin: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Hannibal Hamlin: Natural Resources\Agriculturist
Hannibal Hamlin: Military and Intelligence\Soldier
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Hannibal Hamlin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent
Hannibal Hamlin: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Printer
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\Governor\Maine
Hannibal Hamlin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maine
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Politics and Government\Governor\Georgia
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Georgia
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate
Herschel Vespasian Johnson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Confederate
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\Statesman
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts
Edward Everett: Education\Educator\Lecturer
Edward Everett: Education\Administrator\University\President
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Edward Everett: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Edward Everett: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Abraham Lincoln: Military and Intelligence\Soldier
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Industry\Merchant
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.97.103
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

President to President--FDR in Honour of Soviet American Friendship

Artist:
William Zorach, born Eurburg, Lithuania 1889-died Bath, ME 1966
Sitter:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Medium:
relief/plaster and cast
Dimensions:
21 3/4 x 11 5/8 x 1 1/2 in. (55.3 x 29.6 x 3.9 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1940
Topic:
Occupation\political\president
History\United States\World War II
Allegory\civic\peace
Portrait male
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Tessim Zorach and Dahlov Ipcar
Object number:
1968.154.166
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Portrait of President Theodore Roosevelt

Artist:
Gari Melchers (1860-1932)
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 214.4 x 112.5 cm (84 7/16 x 44 5/16 in)
Type:
Painting
Origin:
United States
Date:
1908
Former owner:
C.L. Freer source: Gari Melchers (1860-1932)
Provenance:
From 1908 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Gari Melchers on March 19, 1908 [2]
From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]
Notes:
[1] See List, American Paintings Other than by Whistler, A, pg. 2, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
[2] See note 1.
[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Topic:
portrait
United States
American Art
president
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1908.17a
Rights:
Copyright with museum
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

New York Welcomes the President-Elect

Artist:
Robert Lawson, born New York City 1892-died Westport, CT 1957
Sitter:
George Washington
Medium:
pen and ink, charcoal and chinese white on paperboard
Dimensions:
5 x 7 1/2 in. (12.7 x 19.1 cm)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
n.d.
Topic:
Landscape\New York
Occupation\political\president
Portrait male
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Herbert Brook
Object number:
1983.75.49
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

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