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Presidents of the United States

view Presidents of the United States digital asset number 1
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862
William Henry Harrison, 9 Feb 1773 - 4 Apr 1841
John Tyler, 29 Mar 1790 - 18 Jan 1862
James Knox Polk, 2 Nov 1795 - 15 Jun 1849
Medium:
Color lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 33.6cm x 23.5cm (13 1/4" x 9 1/4")
Sheet: 36.8cm x 25cm (14 1/2" x 9 13/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1844
Topic:
Interior
Architecture\Column
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States
Symbols & Motifs\Star
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\Banner
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Andrew Jackson: Military\Army\Officer\General
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution
James Knox Polk: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\President of US
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee
John Adams: Literature\Writer
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Diplomat
William Henry Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\General
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana
William Henry Harrison: Congressional Gold Medal
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
John Tyler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Tyler: Politics and Government\President of US
John Tyler: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\State Legislator\West Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Dr. Fred W. Hicks, III
Object number:
NPG.92.10
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

The Presidents of the United States

view The Presidents of the United States digital asset number 1
Artist:
John William Casilear, 1811 - 1893
Copy after:
Robert Walter Weir, 1803 - 1889
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845
Medium:
Engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 26.4 x 30.7cm (10 3/8 x 12 1/16")
Sheet: 35.7 x 27cm (14 1/16 x 10 5/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
1834
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Weapon\Spear
Container\Urn
Symbols & Motifs\Flag
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill
Artwork\Painting\Portrait
Symbols & Motifs\Star
Nature & Environment\Animal\Bird\Eagle
Symbols & Motifs\Emblem\Escutcheon
Artwork\Painting\Portrait\George Washington
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Andrew Jackson: Military\Army\Officer\General
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution
John Adams: Literature\Writer
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.76.62
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

United States, 20 Dollars, 1907

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 digital asset number 1
Obverse designer:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: wt. 33.450 g
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1907
Description:
In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to lead an effort to redesign American coinage. Saint-Gaudens developed a design for what many consider the most beautiful American coin ever conceived. Unfortunately, the coin required multiple strikes to produce, even when its ultra-high relief design was reduced to a lower relief.
Deciding how to modify the coin so it could be produced in large quantities with a single strike in a high speed press was left to the Mint's Chief Engraver, Charles E. Barber. In effect, he told President Roosevelt to make a choice. He could have artistry in small quantities or mediocrity in large amounts.
If he chose the first, Americans would have beautiful money that few would ever see. If he opted for the second, Americans would have as much money as they needed, even though it might be merely pretty rather than beautiful. Roosevelt likely felt he had little choice: the purpose of coinage is commercial first, anything else second. And so one can imagine him being upset, but accepting low relief to facilitate an increase in production.
The first of the redesigned coins was struck in December 1907. It was easily distinguished from earlier versions: not only was there a radical difference in the coins' relief, but even the date had been altered. Saint-Gaudens's ultra high relief and Hering's high relief coins bore the date in Roman numerals (MCMVII). Barber's version featured Arabic numerals (1907). Thus amended, the new double eagles would continue to be struck through the beginning of 1933.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.1266
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1266
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

People's Choice Twelfth President

view People's Choice Twelfth President digital asset number 1
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799
Thomas Jefferson, 13 Apr 1743 - 4 Jul 1826
James Monroe, 28 Apr 1758 - 4 Jul 1831
Andrew Jackson, 15 Mar 1767 - 8 Jun 1845
William Henry Harrison, 9 Feb 1773 - 4 Apr 1841
James Knox Polk, 2 Nov 1795 - 15 Jun 1849
John Tyler, 29 Mar 1790 - 18 Jan 1862
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836
John Adams, 30 Oct 1735 - 4 Jul 1826
Zachary Taylor, 24 Nov 1784 - 9 Jul 1850
Medium:
Hand-colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 91.4 x 66 cm (36 x 26")
Type:
Print
Date:
1848
Topic:
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Andrew Jackson: Military\Army\Officer\General
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\President of US
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Tennessee
Andrew Jackson: Politics and Government\Governor\Florida
Andrew Jackson: Congressional Gold Medal
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution
James Knox Polk: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\Governor\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\President of US
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee
James Knox Polk: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Tennessee
John Adams: Literature\Writer
John Adams: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
John Adams: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
John Adams: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat
John Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Adams: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Diplomat
William Henry Harrison: Military\Army\Officer\General
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\President of US
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio
William Henry Harrison: Politics and Government\Governor\Indiana
William Henry Harrison: Congressional Gold Medal
James Monroe: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
James Monroe: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War
James Monroe: Military\Army\Officer\Captain
James Monroe: Politics and Government\President of US
James Monroe: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
James Monroe: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
John Tyler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
John Tyler: Politics and Government\President of US
John Tyler: Education\Administrator\University\Chancellor
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Senator\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\State Legislator\West Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
John Tyler: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Zachary Taylor: Politics and Government\President of US
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\War of 1812
Zachary Taylor: Military\Army\Officer\Mexican War
Zachary Taylor: Congressional Gold Medal
Thomas Jefferson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman\Signer of Declaration
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer
Thomas Jefferson: Visual Arts\Architect
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\President of US
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister
Thomas Jefferson: Science and Technology\Inventor
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Politics and Government\Governor\Virginia
Thomas Jefferson: Education\Founder\University
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.3
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 240
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

United States, 20 Dollars, 1908 (Matte Proof)

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1908 (Matte Proof) digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 3.4 cm; 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Date made:
1908
Description:
In 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to lead an effort to redesign American coinage. Saint-Gaudens developed a design that many consider the most beautiful American coin ever conceived. The Mint's Chief Engraver, Charles E. Barber, opposed the project, but ultimately developed a low-relief version of the Saint-Gaudens design that became the standard American $20 coin.
Barber was not averse to experimentation. He simply believed it had to be kept within fairly close bounds, and under the Mint's control. It would also help if there was profit involved. Instead of experimenting with relief, Barber tried modifying the finish of the Saint-Gaudens coin design. In one test, a "Roman Gold" finish was devised, imparting a glowing, golden surface to coins that would otherwise have a slight reddish sheen about them, from the copper added to the mixture to make the coins wear better.
No records of how this special finish was applied have survived; but a good guess would be that a light layer of pure gold dust was applied to both surfaces of the coin blank before striking. The force of the press would bond the dust to the blank as the blank was coined. In another test that yielded the coin shown here, Barber developed a "Matte" finish. In this case, the coin was likely struck first (more than once, in order to fully bring up what relief there was), and then "pickled," or etched in dilute acid.
The result was a coin of a vaguely medallic appearance, without all the work entailed in multiple striking. In addition to testing a concept, this experiment was directed at producing a few specialized coins that could be sold to collectors at inflated prices.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Transfer: US Mint
ID Number:
1985.0441.1285
Catalog number:
1985.0441.1285
Accession number:
1985.0441
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Legendary Coins
Coins
Numismatics
United States Double Eagle
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 (Ultra High Relief Pattern)

view United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 (Ultra High Relief Pattern) digital asset number 1
Mint:
U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
Maker:
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus
Physical Description:
gold (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: .4 cm x 3.4 cm; 5/32 in x 1 11/32 in
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1907
Description:
In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to redesign American coinage. As Saint-Gaudens began work on the project, there was never any possibility that he would restrict himself to well-traveled artistic paths. Playing it safe was against his nature and that of the president for whom he toiled.
As a result of Saint-Gaudens's vision and Roosevelt's persistence, Americans got their most beautiful double eagle, one of the most artistic pieces of money ever struck. Instead of a head or a static, seated goddess, Saint-Gaudens's Lady Liberty strides towards us, the dawn at her back. She represents the morning of the Republic, full of possibilities and hope.
She bears a torch in her right hand, an olive branch in her left: offerings of freedom and peace. The law said that Saint-Gaudens had to use an eagle for his reverse design, and so he did. But what an eagle! Nothing like it had ever been seen before. The naturalistic bird, in such high relief that it threatens to soar out of the circular space that seeks to enclose it, is all movement and grace.
Saint-Gaudens and his patron surely knew that this coin was impossible to make in mass quantities. The high relief came at a high price: it took nine blows from the hydraulic coining press to strike each one. Charles E. Barber, the Mint's chief engraver, strenuously objected out of jealousy, but he had a point.
This is no way to make money for mass circulation. But to Roosevelt and Saint-Gaudens, the chief engraver and other critics lacked vision. This ultra-high relief double eagle was intended to show what artistry and technology could do when afforded the chance. Fewer than two dozen of the ultra-high relief coins were minted, in February and March of 1907.
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
United States Double Eagle
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Estate of Josiah K. Lilly
ID Number:
NU*283645.1028
Accession number:
283645
Catalog number:
68.15.376
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
United States Double Eagle
Exhibition:
The Value of Money
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

The Environment President

George Bush
view The Environment President digital asset number 1
Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935
Sitter:
George Herbert Walker Bush, born 12 Jun 1924
Medium:
India ink over pencil with opaque white
Dimensions:
Sheet: 29.6 x 44.5cm (11 5/8 x 17 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1989
Topic:
Exterior
Cartoon\Political
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\President of US
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\Government Official\Intelligence Agent\CIA Director
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas
George Herbert Walker Bush: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations
George Herbert Walker Bush: Military\Officer
George Herbert Walker Bush: Business and Industry\Business Executive\Oil
George Herbert Walker Bush: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Susan Corn Conway, in honor of Alan Fern, on behalf of Patrick Oliphant
Object number:
NPG.2002.112
Rights:
© Pat Oliphant
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

itinerary autographed by those on President Benjamin Harrison's Western tour of the United States to the Pacific Coast

view itinerary autographed by those on President Benjamin Harrison's Western tour of the United States to the Pacific Coast digital asset number 1
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Type:
Archival Materials
Printed/Published Materials
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
Pamphlet : 6 p.
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's itinerary of President Benjamin Harrison's Western tour of the United States to the Pacific Coast signed by those present.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)562
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
See more:
Archival Materials
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

President Benjamin Harrison's ship arriving in Seattle during his Western tour of the United States

view President Benjamin Harrison's ship arriving in Seattle during his Western tour of the United States digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Type:
Archival Materials
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : b&w
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison's ship arriving in Seattle during his Western tour of the United States.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)564
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
See more:
Archival Materials
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

President Benjamin Harrison in Salt Lake City, Utah during his Western tour of the United States

view President Benjamin Harrison in Salt Lake City, Utah during his Western tour of the United States digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Type:
Archival Materials
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : b&w
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison in Salt Lake City, Utah during his Western tour of the United States.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Presidents
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)566
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
See more:
Archival Materials
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Land Grant College Presidents with President Truman [cellulose acetate photonegative]

view Land Grant College Presidents with President Truman [cellulose acetate photonegative] digital asset number 1
Photographers:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)
Subject:
Truman, Harry S. 1884-1972
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 4" x 5"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans Washington (D.C.)
Type:
Photographs
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1946
1940-1950
Summary:
No ink on negative, no Scurlock number. Group of men (Land Grant College presidents) standing in front of a portion of the White House. Truman does not appear in this print. "9 ANSCO SAFETY FILM" edge imprint.
Cite as:
Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
State universities and colleges
College presidents
African American college presidents
African Americans
Local number:
Box 618.04.72
AC0618.004.0000420.tif (AC Scan)
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

President Benjamin Harrison in Royal Gorge, Seattle, Wash. during his Western tour of the United States

view President Benjamin Harrison in Royal Gorge, Seattle, Wash. during his Western tour of the United States digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Burr, George Elbert, 1859-1939
Subject:
Burr, George Elbert
Harrison, Benjamin
Type:
Archival Materials
Photographs
Date:
1891 Apr. 14 through May 16
Place of publication, production, or execution:
No place, unknown, or undetermined
Physical Description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 00 x 00 cm.
Summary:
George Elbert Burr's photograph of President Benjamin Harrison's train arriving in Royal Gorge, Seattle, Wash. during his Western tour of the United States.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic:
Presidents
Railroad travel
Travel
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)565
See more items in:
George Elbert Burr papers, 1885-1972
See more:
Archival Materials
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

United States Senate Chamber

Daniel Webster
view United States Senate Chamber digital asset number 1
Artist:
Thomas Doney, active mid 19th Century
Copy after:
James A. Whitehorne, 22 Aug 1803 - 31 Mar 1888
Victor Piard, active c. 1840 - c. 1870
Anthony, Clark & Company, active 1838 - c. 1847
Sitter:
Daniel Webster, 18 Jan 1782 - 24 Oct 1852
Unidentified Group
Medium:
Mezzotint and etching on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 68.2 x 91.4cm (26 7/8 x 36")
Sheet: 78.1 x 100.3cm (30 3/4 x 39 1/2")
Mat: 91.4 x 112.7cm (36 x 44 3/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
1846
Exhibition Label:
On August 10, 1846, the United States Senate passed a bill to establish the Smithsonian Institution, which coincidentally occurred at the time this mezzotint was being offered for sale at ten dollars a copy. Nearly four years in the making, the picture was a composite of daguerreotypes taken during the past three sessions of Congress especially for this mezzotint. Individuals included prominent senators Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C. Calhoun, and former president John Quincy Adams, who was representing his Massachusetts district in the House of Representatives. Adams was an enthusiastic proponent for establishing the Smithsonian Institution, while Calhoun voted against the bill.
The year 1846 also marked the start of America's war with Mexico. Territory acquired from the vanquished Mexicans would ultimately fuel acrimonious debate about the most polarizing issue of that era-the extension of slavery into new territories.
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Headgear\Hat
Printed Material\Document
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair\Armchair
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Desk
Nature & Environment\Animal\Bird\Eagle
Interior\Legislative chamber
Daniel Webster: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Daniel Webster: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
Daniel Webster: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Daniel Webster: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
Daniel Webster: Politics and Government\US Congressman\New Hampshire
Daniel Webster: Education\Orator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.75.79
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Portfolio of Eight Presidents

Martin Van Buren
view Portfolio of Eight Presidents digital asset number 1
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Sitter:
Martin Van Buren, 5 Dec 1782 - 24 Jul 1862
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.6 x 25.7cm (12 1/16 x 10 1/8")
Sheet: 44.4 x 32.8cm (17 1/2 x 12 15/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1840
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair
Printed Material\Book
Printed Material\Book
Printed Material\Papers
Home Furnishings\Drape
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Governor\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\President of US
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York
Martin Van Buren: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\New York
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.221.8
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

President Lincoln's Funeral

view President Lincoln's Funeral digital asset number 1
Artist:
Unidentified Artist
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 35 x 23.3cm (13 3/4 x 9 3/16")
Sheet: 40.8 x 28.8cm (16 1/16 x 11 5/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1865
Topic:
Artwork\Sculpture
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard
Human Figures\Soldier
Architecture\Stairs
Architecture\Bannister
Illustration
Human Figures\Crowd
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Industry\Merchant
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.242
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

President William Howard Taft

view President William Howard Taft digital asset number 1
Artist:
Alyn Williams, born Wrexham, Wales 1865-died 1955
Sitter:
William Howard Taft
Medium:
watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
sight 4 1/2 x 3 1/4 in. (11.4 x 8.3 cm) oval
Type:
Painting-Miniature
Date:
1910
Description:
William Howard Taft once said, “I don’t remember that I ever was President.” He believed that having been named chief justice of the United States was a greater accomplishment than having achieved the presidency. Taft served one term in the Oval Office, after which he became a professor at Yale University Law School. In 1913, Alyn Williams included this miniature of Taft in an exhibition at Moulton and Ricketts Galleries in New York City. While looking over the display, Williams noticed that five of the miniatures, including his portrait of Taft, were missing. When the gallery assured him they had never received the paintings, Williams retraced his steps in an attempt to find them. Exhausted and discouraged, the artist returned to his hotel room that evening only to find the paintings in his dresser drawer, just where he had left them. Conservation of this miniature was made possible through a generous grant provided by the Smithsonian Women’s Committee.
“One of the most uncomfortable four months of my life.” William Howard Taft, speaking of his 1908 presidential campaign, White House Web site
Topic:
Occupation\political\president
Portrait male\bust
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist
Object number:
1937.12.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Our Future President

view Our Future President digital asset: Our Future President
Maker:
Kellogg & Bulkeley
Physical Description:
hand-colored (image production method/technique)
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 12 1/2 in x 9 in; 31.75 cm x 22.86 cm
overall: 14 1/2 in x 10 in; 36.83 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
lithograph
Object Type:
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
Date made:
1867
Description:
Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.
These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.
This hand colored print is of a baby boy seated in an ornate black and gold carriage with four large wheels, leather convertable hood and large tassel hanging from the side. The baby's gown has embroidery, and a velvet coat is draped on carriage. The carriage is depicted in a landscape setting.
Kellogg & Bulkeley was the lithography firm formed from the partnership between Elijah Chapman Kellogg, Edmund Burke Kellogg, and William Henry Bulkeley. The firm was formed in 1867, and shortly after both Elijah Chapman Kellogg and his brother Edmund Burke Chapman retired. After their retirement the only Kellogg remaining in the business was Edmund’s son Charles Kellogg. By1871 the partnership between the Kellogg family and Bulkeley had been reorganized as an incorporated stock company. The company came to an end when is merged with Case, Lockwood, & Brainard to become Connecticut Printers in 1947. Connecticut Printers remained open until 1990 when the Kellogg lithography firm finally ended after 160 years.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Carriages
Children
Chronology: 1860-1869
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols
Clothing & Accessories
U.S. National Government, executive branch
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Peters Prints
Maker referenced; cited; illustrated:
Peters, Harry T.. America on Stone
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL*60.2241
Catalog number:
60.2241
Accession number:
228146
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Peters Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Half Dollar Pattern, United States, 1792

view Half Dollar Pattern, United States, 1792 digital asset number 1
Issuing authority:
Getz, Peter
Moneyer:
Getz, Peter
Obverse designer:
Getz, Peter
Reverse designer:
Getz, Peter
Maker:
United States Mint
Physical Description:
silver (overall metal)
0 (overall die axis)
0 (overall die axis measurement)
struck (overall production method)
Measurements:
overall: 35 mm; 1 3/8 in
Object Name:
coin
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1792
Description:
Produced by Peter Getz at a temporary mint in Philadelphia. Obverse: Bust of George Washington in uniform, date below. Reverse: Eagle, stars above. Peter Getz created the dies for these and several other pieces, basing his designs on two British copper proposals of 1791. The United States lacked a mint, and so the Getz pieces were struck in the coach house of John Harper, a metallurgical expert then resident in Philadelphia. Only a few specimens including this piece survive in silver. There are handful more in copper. The scheme for adopting this design came to naught when President Washington declined the honor of appearance on American coinage. Apparently, Washington preferred a depiction of Liberty on the national coinage rather than a portrait of himself.
Location:
Currently not on view
Subject:
Coins, Currency and Medals
Publication title:
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/coins/glossary.cfm
Credit Line:
Stack, Harvey and Lawrence
ID Number:
1993.0532.0002
Catalog number:
1993.0532.0002
93.532.02
Accession number:
1993.0532
See more items in:
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Online Media:

Washington--President's House

view Washington--President's House digital asset number 1
Artist:
Isidore Laurent Deroy, French, born Paris, France 1797-died Paris, France 1886
Copy after:
Augustus Kollner, born Stuttgart, Germany 1812-died Philadelphia, PA 1906
Publisher:
Goupil, Vibert and Company, founded New York City 1848
Printer:
Cattier, n.d.
Medium:
color lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 8 1/8 x 11 3/4 in. (20.5 x 29.8 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1848
Topic:
Figure(s) in exterior
Landscape\District of Columbia\Washington
Architecture Exterior\civic\White House
Landscape\road\Pennsylvania Avenue
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.48.62
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Portfolio of Eight Presidents

John Quincy Adams
view Portfolio of Eight Presidents digital asset number 1
Artist:
Nathaniel Currier, 27 Mar 1813 - 20 Nov 1888
Sitter:
John Quincy Adams, 11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.2 x 25.3cm (11 7/8 x 9 15/16")
Sheet: 44.4 x 32.7cm (17 1/2 x 12 7/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
1840
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair
Printed Material\Book
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table
Printed Material\Papers
Home Furnishings\Drape
Architecture\Column
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\President of US
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams: Politics and Government\Son of US President
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.84.221.6
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

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